Purification of Laboratory Chemicals

Purification of Laboratory Chemicals

7th Edition - October 17, 2012

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  • Author: W.L.F. Armarego
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123821621

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Description

A best seller since 1966, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals keeps engineers, scientists, chemists, biochemists and students up to date with the purification of the chemical reagents with which they work, the processes for their purification, and guides readers on critical safety and hazards for the safe handling of chemicals and processes.The Seventh Edition is fully updated and provides expanded coverage of the latest commercially available chemical products and processing techniques, safety and hazards: over 200 pages of coverage of new commercially available chemicals since the previous edition.

Key Features

  • The only comprehensive chemical purification reference, a market leader since 1966, Amarego delivers essential information for research and industrial chemists, pharmacists and engineers: '... (it) will be the most commonly used reference book in any chemical or biochemical laboratory' (MDPI Journal)
  • An essential lab practice and proceedures manual. Improves efficiency, results and safety by providing critical information for day-to-day lab and processing work. Improved, clear organization and new indexing delivers accurate, reliable information on processes and techniques of purification along with detailed physical properties
  • The Sixth Edition has been reorganised and is fully indexed by CAS Registry Numbers; compounds are now grouped to make navigation easier; literature references for all substances and techniques have been added; ambiguous alternate names and cross references removed; new chemical products and processing techniques are covered; hazards and safety remain central to the book

Readership

Chemical Engineers, Chemists, Biochemists and Pharmaceutical Engineers who process and purify commercial chemicals in industry; university and commercial research laboratories

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface to the Seventh Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the Third Edition

    Preface to the Fourth Edition

    Preface to the Fifth Edition

    Preface to the Sixth Edition

    How This Book Should Be Used

    About the Authors

    Chapter 1. Common Physical Techniques Used in Purification

    Introduction

    The Question of Purity

    Sources of Impurities

    Practices to Avoid Impurities

    Safety Precautions Associated with the Purification of Laboratory Chemicals

    Some Hazards of Chemical Manipulation in Purification and Recovery of Residues

    Safety Disclaimer

    Methods of Purification of Reagents and Solvents

    Solvent Extraction and Distribution

    Distillation

    Recrystallisation

    Sublimation

    Chromatography

    Electrophoresis

    Drying

    Properties Useful in Purification

    Miscellaneous Techniques

    Chemical and Biochemical Sources

    Useful Websites

    Bibliography

    Chapter 2. Chemical Methods Used in Purification

    General Remarks

    Removal of Traces of Metals from Reagents

    Use of Metal Hydrides

    Sodium Borohydride

    Purification Via Derivatives

    General Methods for the Purification of Classes of Compounds

    General Procedures for the Purification of Some Classes of Organic Compounds

    Bibliography

    Chapter 3. The Future of Purification

    Introduction

    Atom Economy

    Organocatalysis

    Microwave Technologies

    Flow Chemistry

    Solid Phase Synthesis

    Alternative Solvents

    Bibliography

    Chapter 4. Purification of Organic Chemicals

    Introduction

    Aliphatic Compounds

    Alicyclic Compounds

    Aromatic Compounds

    Heterocyclic Compounds

    Miscellaneous as, B, P, Si, S, Se and Te Compounds

    Chapter 5. Purification of Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemicals

    Introduction

    Inorganic Compounds

    Metal-Organic Compounds

    Chapter 6. Catalysts

    Introduction

    Catalysts—Part 1

    Organocatalysts

    Catalysts—Part 2

    Phase Transfer Catalysts

    Tetra-n-hexylammonium chloride [5922-92-9] M 390.1. Crystallise the chloride from EtOH

    Imidazolinium Ionic Liquid Crystal Catalysts

    Chiral Auxiliaries

    Lewis and Brønsted/Lowry Acids and Bases

    Bibliography

    Chapter 7. Purification of Biochemicals and Related Products

    Introduction

    Amino Acids and Peptides

    Proteins, Enzymes, DNA and RNA

    Carbohydrates

    Carotenoids

    Steroids

    MiscelLaneous Compounds (including biologically useful reagents, low-molecular-weight bioactive substances, antibiotics, coenzymes, vitamins, lipids, phospholipids, nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides)

    Bibliography

    Chapter 8. Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology

    Introduction

    Identification and Measurement of Nanomaterials

    Fullerenes and Related Substances

    Fullerenes

    Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Related Materials

    Preparation of CNTs (NTs)

    Purification of CNTs (NTs)

    Preparation and Purification of Fullerene Pipes (TUBES)

    Solubilisation of CNTs

    Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)

    Functionalised CNTs

    Graphene Materials

    Solvent Resistant Nano Filters (SRNF)

    Nano Metals and Metal Derivatives

    Some Organic and Metal-Organic Compounds Used in Nanotechnology

    Safety Issues

    The following is a list of more recent books that were published on legal, personal, industrial, and environmental safety aspects of nanotechnology:

    Bibliography

    Index

    CAS Registry Numbers Index

    How to Validate Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Numbers

    CAS Registry Numbers Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1024
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: October 17, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123821621

About the Author

W.L.F. Armarego

W.L.F. Armarego
Wilfred L. F. Armarego graduated BSc (Hons) in 1953 and PhD from the University of London in 1956 and came to Australia in that year. After two years at the Central Research Laboratories (ICIANZ) in Melbourne, where he worked on plant growth substances, and one year on potentially carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at the University of Melbourne as Senior Demonstrator in Organic Chemistry, he joined the Department of Medical Chemistry as a Research Fellow in 1960. He became a Fellow in 1963 and was awarded a DSc degree (London) in 1968. He was promoted to Senior Fellow in 1967 and began research work on the biochemistry and molecular biology of pteridine-requiring enzymes related to the inherited metabolic disease phenylketonuria and its variants. He was head of the Protein Biochemistry Group and Pteridine Biochemistry Laboratory until his retirement in 1996. He is now a visiting fellow at the John Curtin School of Medical Research, and member of the editorial boards of ‘Medicinal Research Reviews’ and ‘Pteridines’ journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Division of Molecular Bioscience, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

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