Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750659246, 9780080480336

Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control

1st Edition

Authors: Zaki Ahmad
eBook ISBN: 9780080480336
Paperback ISBN: 9780750659246
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st August 2006
Page Count: 672
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Description

Corrosion is a huge issue for materials, mechanical, civil and petrochemical engineers. With comprehensive coverage of the principles of corrosion engineering, this book is a one-stop text and reference for students and practicing corrosion engineers. Highly illustrated, with worked examples and definitions, it covers basic corrosion principles, and more advanced information for postgraduate students and professionals. Basic principles of electrochemistry and chemical thermodynamics are incorporated to make the book accessible for students and engineers who do not have prior knowledge of this area. Each form of corrosion covered in the book has a definition, description, mechanism, examples and preventative methods. Case histories of failure are cited for each form. End of chapter questions are accompanied by an online solutions manual.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively covers the principles of corrosion engineering, methods of corrosion protection and corrosion processes and control in selected engineering environments
  • Structured for corrosion science and engineering classes at senior undergraduate and graduate level, and is an ideal reference that readers will want to use in their professional work
  • Worked examples, extensive end of chapter exercises and accompanying online solutions and written by an expert from a key pretochemical university

Readership

Senior undergraduate and postgraduate students on corrosion engineering courses, usually studied as part of mechanical, materials, and chemical engineering degrees; Engineers working in process, chemical petroleum and petrochemical industries

Table of Contents

  • PREFACE
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  • Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION TO CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
    • 1.2 DEFINITIONS
    • 1.3 CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT
    • 1.4 CONSEQUENCES OF CORROSION
    • 1.5 COST OF CORROSION
    • 1.6 BREAKDOWN OF SPENDING ON CORROSION
    • 1.7 CORROSION SCIENCE AND CORROSION ENGINEERING
    • 1.8 INTER-DISCIPLINARY NATURE OF CORROSION
    • 1.9 CORROSION EDUCATION
    • 1.10 FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS OF CORROSION
    • 1.11 FIVE GOOD REASONS TO STUDY CORROSION
    • QUESTIONS
  • Chapter 2: BASIC CONCEPTS IN CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • BASIC CONCEPTS IN CORROSION
    • 2.1 ANODIC AND CATHODIC REACTIONS
    • 2.2 ANODIC REACTIONS CHARACTERISTICS
    • 2.3 CATHODIC REACTIONS CHARACTERISTICS
    • 2.4 TYPES OF CORROSION CELLS
    • 2.5 MECHANISM OF CORROSION OF IRON
    • 2.6 CONCEPT OF FREE ENERGY
    • 2.7 REVERSIBLE ELECTRODE POTENTIAL
    • 2.8 CONCENTRATION CELL
    • 2.9 LIQUID JUNCTION POTENTIAL
    • 2.10 APPLICATION OF FREE ENERGY TO CORROSION CELLS
    • 2.11 NERNST EQUATION
    • 2.12 SIGN CONVENTION
    • 2.13 REFERENCE ELECTRODES
    • 2.14 POURBAIX DIAGRAMS (STABILITY DIAGRAMS)
    • QUESTIONS
    • C PROBLEMS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 3: CORROSION KINETICS
    • Publisher Summary
    • FARADAY’S LAWS OF ELECTROLYSIS AND ITS APPLICATION IN DETERMINING THE CORROSION RATE
    • 3.1 THE LAWS
    • 3.2 CORROSION KINETICS
    • 3.3 HELMHOLTZ DOUBLE LAYER
    • 3.4 REVERSE REACTION (CATHODIC REACTION)
    • 3.5 DEPARTURE FROM EQUILIBRIUM [ACTIVATION OVER-POTENTIAL (η)]
    • 3.6 TAFEL EQUATION
    • 3.7 MIXED POTENTIAL THEORY AND ITS APPLICATION
    • 3.8 EVANS DIAGRAMS
    • 3.9 PREDICTION OF CORROSION TENDENCY ON THE BASIS OF MIXED POTENTIAL THEORY
    • 3.10 APPLICATION OF MIXED POTENTIAL THEORY
    • 3.11 CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION
    • 3.12 EFFECT OF VARIOUS FACTORS ON CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION
    • 3.13 RESISTANCE POLARIZATION (OHMIC POLARIZATION) (FIG. 3.17)
    • 3.14 MEASUREMENT OF CORROSION
    • 3.15 DETERMINATION OF CORROSION RATES BY ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS
    • 3.16 POLARIZATION RESISTANCE (LINEAR POLARIZATION)
    • 3.17 THEORETICAL BACKGROUND (ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS)
    • 3.18 MODERN DEVELOPMENTS
    • 3.19 KINETICS OF PASSIVITY
    • 3.20 DEFINITION OF IMPORTANT ELECTROCHEMICAL PARAMETERS FOR ACTIVE-PASSIVE METALS
    • 3.21 MEASURED vs ACTUAL POLARIZATION BEHAVIOR OF ACTIVE-PASSIVE METALS
    • 3.22 CONTROL OF PASSIVITY
    • 3.23 EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENT
    • 3.24 CONVERSION FACTORS
    • 3.25 ILLUSTRATIVE PROBLEMS
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 4: TYPES OF CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 4.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 4.2 UNIFORM CORROSION
    • 4.3 GALVANIC CORROSION
    • 4.4 DEZINCIFICATION
    • 4.5 CREVICE CORROSION
    • 4.6 PITTING CORROSION
    • 4.7 INTERGRANULAR CORROSION
    • 4.8 STRESS CORROSION CRACKING AND HYDROGEN DAMAGE
    • 4.9 CORROSION FATIGUE
    • 4.10 FRETTING CORROSION
    • 4.11 EROSION-CORROSION AND CAVITATION DAMAGE
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 5: CATHODIC PROTECTION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 5.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 5.2 BASIS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION
    • 5.3 WORKING OF CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM
    • 5.4 FACTORS LEADING TO CORROSION OF UNDERGROUND METALLIC STRUCTURES
    • 5.5 ELECTRICAL BASIS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION
    • 5.6 ELECTROCHEMICAL THEORY OF CATHODIC PROTECTION
    • 5.7 ANODIC POLARIZATION
    • 5.8 CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    • 5.9 COMPONENTS OF GALVANIC SYSTEMS
    • 5.10 IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM
    • 5.11 COMPONENTS OF IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEMS AND AC/DC SYSTEMS
    • 5.20 FACTORS AFFECTING PIPE-TO-SOIL POTENTIAL
    • 5.21 POTENTIAL SURVEY
    • 5.22 MEASUREMENT OF CURRENT FLOW
    • 5.23 REFERENCE ELECTRODE
    • 5.24 COATING RESISTANCE TESTS
    • 5.25 CURRENT REQUIREMENT TESTS
    • 5.26 CURRENT DENSITY REQUIREMENT FOR A BARE STRUCTURE
    • 5.27 STRAY CURRENT CORROSION
    • 5.28 CATHODIC PROTECTION INTERFERENCES
    • 5.29 DESIGN CHARTS
    • 5.30 GROUND-BED DESIGN
    • 5.31 SOIL RESISTIVITY AND PIPE-TO-SOIL POTENTIAL SURVEY
    • 5.32 CALCULATIONS IN CATHODIC PROTECTION DESIGN
    • 5.33 IMPORTANT FORMULAE IN CATHODIC PROTECTION CALCULATIONS
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 6: CORROSION CONTROL BY INHIBITION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 6.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 6.2 SCOPE OF INHIBITOR
    • 6.3 EXAMPLES OF APPLICATION OF INHIBITORS
    • 6.4 IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION IN SELECTION OF INHIBITORS
    • 6.5 IMPORTANT TERMS RELATED TO INHIBITORS
    • 6.6 CLASSIFICATION OF INHIBITORS
    • 6.7 DESCRIPTION OF INHIBITORS
    • 6.8 INORGANIC ANODIC INHIBITORS
    • 6.9 ORGANIC INHIBITORS
    • 6.10 SYNERGISTIC INHIBITORS
    • 6.11 SCAVENGERS
    • 6.12 NEUTRALIZERS
    • 6.13 SCALE INHIBITORS
    • 6.14 REBAR INHIBITORS
    • 6.15 BIOCIDES
    • 6.16 INHIBITOR APPLICATION TECHNIQUES
    • 6.17 VAPOR PHASE INHIBITORS
    • 6.18 INHIBITOR EFFICIENCY AND INHIBITOR CONCENTRATION
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 7: COATINGS
    • Publisher Summary
    • 7.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 7.2 OBJECTIVES
    • 7.3 CLASSIFICATION OF COATINGS
    • 7.4 SCOPE OF COATINGS
    • 7.5 PAINTING, COATING AND LINING
    • 7.6 PAINT COATING SYSTEM
    • 7.7 PAINT COATING COMPONENTS (TABLE 7.1)
    • 7.8 COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS OF PAINT COATING COMPONENTS
    • 7.9 CLASSIFICATION OF BINDERS
    • 7.10 PIGMENTS
    • 7.11 SOLVENT
    • 7.12 THINNERS (DILUENTS)
    • 7.13 ADDITIVES
    • 7.14 METALLIC COATINGS
    • 7.15 ALUMINUM COATINGS
    • 7.16 TIN COATINGS
    • 7.17 NICKEL COATINGS
    • 7.18 CADMIUM COATING
    • 7.19 CONVERSION COATINGS
    • 7.20 ANODIZED COATINGS
    • 7.21 GLASS FLAKE COATINGS
    • 7.22 FAILURE OF PAINTS AND COATINGS
    • 7.23 SELECTION OF COATINGS
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 8: CORROSION PREVENTION BY DESIGN
    • Publisher Summary
    • 8.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 8.2 SERVICE LIFE OF EQUIPMENT
    • 8.3 CAUSES OF FAILURES IN THE CONTEXT OF DESIGN
    • 8.4 CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT
    • 8.5 STAGES IN THE DESIGN PROCESS
    • 8.6 CONSIDERATION OF AREAS REQUIRING ATTENTION AT DESIGN STAGE
    • 8.7 SOLDERING AND THREADING
    • 8.8 CREVICES
    • 8.9 DESIGN TO CONTROL CORROSION IN WATER DISTRIBUTION, OIL AND GAS PIPELINES
    • 8.10 FLOWING WATER SYSTEMS
    • 8.11 ACCESSIBILITY FOR MAINTENANCE
    • 8.12 DESIGNS FOR LIQUID CONTAINERS
    • 8.13 DESIGN IN PACKAGING
    • 8.14 COATING AND DESIGN
    • 8.15 STORAGE OF COMBAT VEHICLES
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 9: SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT
    • Publisher Summary
    • 9.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 9.2 FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERFORMANCE OF MATERIALS
    • 9.3 THE MATERIAL SELECTION PROCESS
    • 9.4 MATERIALS CLASSIFICATION
    • 9.5 MATERIALS AND FLUID CORROSIVITY
    • 9.6 RANKING OF PERFORMANCE OF MATERIALS
    • 9.7 ELECTROLYTE FACTORS
    • 9.8 CORROSION INDICES
    • 9.9 ISO-CORROSION CHARTS [23]
    • 9.10 COST EFFECTIVENESS
    • 9.11 SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENTS
    • 9.12 CORROSION CHARACTERISTICS OF CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEELS
    • 9.13 CORROSION RATE OF CARBON STEEL IN SEAWATER
    • 9.14 CAST IRONS
    • 9.15 DUCTILE AND CAST IRON PIPES
    • 9.16 STAINLESS STEELS
    • 9.17 CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
    • 9.18 CORROSION RESISTANCE OF COPPER-BASE ALLOYS IN SEAWATER
    • 9.19 ALUMINUM AND ITS ALLOYS
    • 9.20 NICKEL AND ITS ALLOYS
    • 9.21 TITANIUM AND ITS ALLOYS
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 10: ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 10.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 10.2 CLASSIFICATION OF ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    • 10.3 WEATHER AND ATMOSPHERE
    • 10.4 MAJOR FACTORS AFFECTING ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    • 10.5 EFFECT OF ATMOSPHERIC FACTORS ON ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    • 10.6 POLLUTANTS CHEMISTRY AND THEIR IMPACT ON ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    • 10.7 MECHANISM OF ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION (ELECTROCHEMICAL CYCLE)
    • 10.8 POTENTIAL-PH DIAGRAM (FE-H2O)
    • 10.9 ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION OF COPPER AND ITS ALLOYS
    • 10.10 CRACKING OF COPPER ALLOYS
    • 10.11 ALUMINUM AND ITS ALLOYS
    • 10.12 POTENTIAL-PH DIAGRAM (AL-H2O)
    • 10.13 ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION OF ZINC
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 11: BOILER CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 11.1 DEFINITION
    • 11.2 INTRODUCTION
    • 11.3 REQUIREMENTS OF AN EFFICIENT BOILER
    • 11.4 CLASSIFICATION OF BOILERS
    • (b) Classification Based on Pressure
    • (c) Classification Based on Size
    • 11.5 MAJOR DESIGN
    • 11.6 CIRCULATION
    • 11.7 WATER TUBE CIRCUIT
    • 11.8 WATER CONDITIONING
    • 11.9 MAJOR CORROSION PROBLEMS IN BOILERS
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • Chapter 12: CONCRETE CORROSION
    • Publisher Summary
    • 12.1 INTRODUCTION
    • 12.2 TECHNICAL TERMS
    • 12.3 PRODUCTION, TYPES AND CURING OF CEMENT
    • 12.4 ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE
    • 12.5 CHEMISTRY OF PORTLAND CEMENT
    • 12.6 CONCRETE CHEMISTRY, HYDRATION REACTIONS
    • 12.7 DURABILITY AND DETERIORATION OF CEMENT
    • 12.8 CORROSION OF REINFORCEMENT (REBAR CORROSION)
    • 12.9 FACTORS AFFECTING CORROSION
    • 12.10 CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE
    • 12.11 SUMMARY OF PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN CORROSION REINFORCEMENT
    • 12.12 METHODS OF CORROSION CONTROL OF REINFORCING STEEL
    • 12.13 CORROSION PROTECTION OF REINFORCEMENT
    • 12.14 CONCRETE REPAIRS AND REHABILITATION
    • 12.15 ELECTROCHEMICAL METHODS OF EVALUATION OF REINFORCEMENT CORROSION
    • QUESTIONS
    • KEYWORDS
  • INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
672
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780080480336
Paperback ISBN:
9780750659246

About the Author

Zaki Ahmad

Affiliations and Expertise

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia

Reviews

"During my 25 years experience in the field, both as a teacher and researcher, it is commonly acknowledged that a comprehensive text for corrosion engineering is lacking. The material supplied indicates the author is fully addressing this problem." - Dr. Paulette, National Research Council, Washington, USA Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion control is written for mechanical, civil, and petrochemical engineers as well as students and practicing corrosion engineers. Its well-illustrated 672 pages provide worked examples and definitions, covers basic corrosion principles as well as more advanced information for postgraduate students and professionals.-welding Journal, December 2006