Primate Adaptation and Evolution

Primate Adaptation and Evolution

3rd Edition - March 8, 2013

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  • Author: John Fleagle
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123786333
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786326

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Description

Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution. The book retains its grounding in the extant primate groups as the best way to understand the fossil trail and the evolution of these modern forms. However, this coverage is now streamlined, making reference to the many new and excellent books on living primate ecology and adaptation – a field that has burgeoned since the first edition of Primate Adaptation and Evolution. By drawing out the key features of the extant families and referring to more detailed texts, the author sets the scene and also creates space for a thorough updating of the exciting developments in primate palaeontology – and the reconstruction through early hominid species – of our own human origins. This updated version covers recent developments in primate paleontology and the latest taxonomy, and includes over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees. This text is ideal for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying the evolution and functional ecology of primates and early fossil hominids.

Key Features

  • Long-awaited revision of the standard student text on primate evolution
  • Full coverage of newly discovered fossils and the latest taxonomy
  • Over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees

Readership

Undergraduate and Post-graduate students studying the evolution and functional ecology of primates and early fossil hominids.
Primatologists, Evolutionary Biologists, Palaeontologists.
Physical Anthropologists, Social Scientists and the Lay Public

Table of Contents

  • IFC

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Adaptation, Evolution, and Systematics

    Adaptation

    Evolution

    Phylogeny

    Taxonomy and Systematics

    References

    Chapter 2. The Primate Body

    Primate Anatomy

    Size

    Cranial Anatomy

    The Brain and Senses

    The Trunk and Limbs

    Soft Tissues

    Growth and Development

    References

    Chapter 3. Primate Lives

    Primate Habitats

    Habitat Use

    Activity Patterns

    A Primate Day

    Primate Diets

    Locomotion

    Social Life

    Why Primates Live in Groups

    Primate Life Histories

    Primate Communities

    References

    Chapter 4. The Prosimians: Lemurs, Lorises, Galagos and Tarsiers

    Strepsirrhines

    Malagasy Strepsirrhines

    Subfossil Malagasy strepsirrhines

    Adaptive Radiation of Malagasy Primates

    Galagos and Lorises

    Adaptive Radiation of Galagos and Lorises

    Phyletic Relationships of Strepsirrhines

    Haplorhines

    References

    Chapter 5. New World Anthropoids

    Primate Grades and Clades

    Anatomy of Higher Primates

    Platyrrhines

    Pitheciids

    Atelids

    Cebids

    Callitrichines

    Adaptive Radiation of Platyrrhines

    Phyletic Relationships of Platyrrhines

    References

    Chapter 6. Old World Monkeys

    Catarrhine Anatomy

    Cercopithecoids

    Cercopithecines

    Colobines

    Adaptive Radiation of Old World Monkeys

    Phyletic Relationships of Old World Monkeys

    References

    Chapter 7. Apes and Humans

    Hominoids

    Adaptive Radiation of Hominoids

    Phyletic Relationships of Hominoids

    References

    Chapter 8. Primate Communities and Biogeography

    Primate Biogeography

    References

    Chapter 9. Primate Adaptations

    Effects of Size

    Adaptations to Diet

    Primate Sensory Adaptations

    Locomotor Adaptations

    Locomotor Compromises

    Locomotion, Posture, and Ecology

    Anatomical Correlates of Social Organization

    Brains, Behavior, and Ecology

    Adaptation and Phylogeny

    References

    Chapter 10. The Fossil Record

    Geological Time

    Molecular Dating of Phylogeny

    Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift

    Paleoclimate

    Fossils and Fossilization

    Paleoenvironments

    Reconstructing Behavior

    Paleobiogeography

    References

    Chapter 11. Primate Origins

    Euarchontans – Primates and Other Mammals

    Tree Shrews

    Flying Lemurs

    Plesiadapiforms

    Adaptive Radiation of Plesiadapiforms

    Plesiadapiforms and Primates

    Primates Among the Archonta

    The Adaptive Origin of Primates

    References

    Chapter 12. Fossil Prosimians

    The First Modern Primates

    Adapoids

    Notharctids

    Asiadapids

    Caenopithecids

    Adapids

    Sivaladapids

    Other Asian Adapoids

    Azibiids, Djebelemurids, and Plesiopithecus: North African Stem Strepsirrhines?

    Fossil Lorises and Galagos

    Adapoids and Strepsirrhines?

    Omomyoids

    Omomyoids, Tarsiers, and Haplorhines

    Adaptive Radiations and Biogeography of Fossil Prosimians

    Origin and Early Evolution of Primates

    References

    Chapter 13. Early Anthropoids

    The Oligocene

    Early Anthropoids from Africa and Arabia

    Phyletic Relationships

    Eocene Anthropoids from Asia

    Early Anthropoid Adaptations

    Phyletic Relationships of Early Anthropoids

    Prosimian Origins of Anthropoids

    References

    Chapter 14. Fossil Platyrrhines

    The Platyrrhine Fossil Record

    The Earliest Platyrrhines

    The Patagonian Platyrrhines

    A More Modern Community

    Late Miocene Amazonian Monkeys

    Pleistocene Platyrrhines

    Caribbean Primates

    Summary of Fossil Platyrrhines

    Platyrrhine Origins

    References

    Chapter 15. Primitive Catarrhines and Fossil Apes

    Miocene Epoch

    Middle-Late Oligocene Primitive Catarrhines from Arabia and Africa

    Early and Middle Miocene ‘Apes’ from Africa

    Phyletic Relationships of Proconsuloids and other African Miocene Apes

    Phylogenetic Relationships of Western Eurasian Apes

    Phyletic Relationships of Asian Apes

    The Evolution of Living Hominoids

    Evolution of Gibbons

    Evolution of the Orangutan

    Evolution of African Apes

    The Biogeography of Ape Evolution

    References

    Chapter 16. Fossil Old World Monkeys

    Victoriapithecids: The Earliest Old World Monkeys

    Fossil Cercopithecids

    Fossil Cercopithecines

    Fossil Colobines

    Eurasian Colobines

    Fossil Record of Cercopithecoids

    References

    Chapter 17. Fossil Hominins, the Bipedal Primates

    Pliocene Epoch

    Early Hominin Adaptations and Hominin Origins

    Postcranial Adaptations

    Phyletic Relationships of Early Hominins

    Pleistocene Epoch

    Human Phylogeny

    Hominin Evolution in Perspective

    References

    Chapter 18. Patterns in Primate Evolution

    Primate Adaptive Radiations

    Adaptation and Phylogeny

    Patterns in Primate Phylogeny

    Primate Extinctions

    Limiting Primate Extinctions

    References

    Glossary

    Appendix 1. Classification of the Order Primates

    Genera in bold contain extant members

    Bibliography

    Chapter 1: Further Reading

    Chapter 2: Further Reading

    Chapter 3: Further Reading

    Chapter 4: Further Reading

    Chapter 5: Further Reading

    Chapter 6: Further Reading

    Chapter 8: Further Reading

    Chapter 9: Further Reading

    Chapter 10: Further Reading

    Chapter 11: Further Reading

    Chapter 12: Further Reading

    Chapter 13: Further Reading

    Chapter 14: Further Reading

    Chapter 15: Further Reading

    Chapter 16: Further Reading

    Chapter 17: Further Reading

    Chapter 18: Further Reading

    Index

    IBC

Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: March 8, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123786333
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786326

About the Author

John Fleagle

John Fleagle is a primatologist whose research combines field studies and functional morpho-logical analysis. He is interested in the adaptive radiation of primates during the last 50 million years. He has conducted paleobiological research in Egypt, Argentina, and Ethiopia and has studied living primates in Malaysia, Surinam, Brazil and Madagascar. Dr. Fleagle is a MacArthur Fellow.

Affiliations and Expertise

State University of New York, Stony Brook, United States

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