PEM Fuel Cells

PEM Fuel Cells

Fundamentals, Advanced Technologies, and Practical Application

1st Edition - November 12, 2021

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  • Editor: Gurbinder Kaur
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128237090
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128237083

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Description

PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advanced Technologies, and Practical Application provides a comprehensive introduction to the principles of PEM fuel cell, their working condition and application, and the latest breakthroughs and challenges for fuel cell technology. Each chapter follows a systematic and consistent structure with clear illustrations and diagrams for easy understanding. The opening chapters address the basics of PEM technology; stacking and membrane electrode assembly for PEM, degradation mechanisms of electrocatalysts, platinum dissolution and redeposition, carbon‐support corrosion, bipolar plates and carbon nanotubes for the PEM, and gas diffusion layers. Thermodynamics, operating conditions, and electrochemistry address fuel cell efficiency and the fundamental workings of the PEM. Instruments and techniques for testing and diagnosis are then presented alongside practical tests. Dedicated chapters explain how to use MATLAB and COMSOL to conduct simulation and modeling of catalysts, gas diffusion layers, assembly, and membrane. Degradation and failure modes are discussed in detail, providing strategies and protocols for mitigation. High-temperature PEMs are also examined, as are the fundamentals of EIS. Critically, the environmental impact and life cycle of the production and storage of hydrogen are addressed, as are the risk and durability issues of PEMFC technology. Dedicated chapters are presented on the economics and commercialization of PEMFCs, including discussion of installation costs, initial capital costs, and the regulatory frameworks; apart from this, there is a separate chapter on their application to the automotive industry. Finally, future challenges and applications are considered. PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Advanced Technologies, and Practical Application provides an in-depth and comprehensive reference on every aspect of PEM fuel cells fundamentals, ideal for researchers, graduates, and students.

Key Features

  • Presents the fundamentals of PEM fuel cell technology, electrolytes, membranes, modeling, conductivity, recent trends, and future applications
  • Addresses commercialization, public policy, and the environmental impacts of PEMFC in dedicated chapters
  • Presents state-of-the-art PEMFC research alongside the underlying concepts

Readership

Engineers and Material Scientists related to renewable energy research, including; Energy and Power Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Electrical Engineers, Control Scientists, Fuel Cell Technology Research Laboratories, Automotive Engineers, Metallurgcal and Material Engineers. Industry professionals working in the above areas

Table of Contents

  • 1.Proton exchange membrane fuel cells: fundamentals, advanced technologies, and practical applications
    Piyush Sharma and O.P. Pandey
    2. Proton exchange membrane for microbial fuel cells
    Sangeetha Dharmalingam, Vaidhegi Kugarajah and Vijayakumar Elumalai
    3. Electrocatalysts: selectivity and utilization
    N. Dyantyi, J.C. Calderón Gómez, L. Mekuto, P. Bujlo and G. Pattrick
    4. Bipolar plates for the permeable exchange membrane:carbon nanotubes as an alternative
    Tanzila Younas
    5. Gas diffusion layer for proton exchange membrane fuel cells Contents
    Reza Omrani
    6.Thermodynamics and operating conditions for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
    Vincenzo Liso and Samuel Simon Araya
    7.Proton exchange membrane testing and diagnostics
    Abha Bharti and Rajalakshmi Natarajan
    8. Charge and mass transport and modeling principles in proton-exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells
    Mojtaba Aghajani Delavar and Junye Wang
    9. Degradation and failure modes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells
    Samuel Simon Araya, Na Li and Vincenzo Liso
    10. High-temperature proton exchange membrane—an insight
    Sundararajan Ramakrishnan, Krishnan Ramya and Natarajan Rajalakshmi
    11. Advanced modifications in nonnoble materials for proton exchange membrane
    Rameez Ahmad Mir and Gurbinder Kaur
    12. Technological risks and durability issues for the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell technology
    Pavithra Ponnusamy, Manoj Kumar Panthalingal and Biji Pullithadathil
    13. Porous media flow field for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
    Guobin Zhang, Yun Wang, Lizhen Wu, Patrick Hong and Kui Jiao
    14. Automotive applications of PEM technology
    M. Moein-Jahromi and H. Heidary
    15. Economic, business, technical, and commercialization hindrances for the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
    G. Kaur, B.D. Gates, H. Chhina, A.K. Taylor, Sakshi Gautam, M.S. Coppolino and K.L. Duncan
    16. Configuration of proton exchange membrane fuel cell gas and cooling flow fields
    Ebrahim Afshari, Nabi Jahantigh and Seyed Ali Atyabi
    17. Nanocatalysts for proton exchange fuel cells: design, preparation, and utilization
    Merissa Schneider-Coppolino, Sakshi Gautam and Byron D. Gates

Product details

  • No. of pages: 582
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: November 12, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128237090
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128237083

About the Editor

Gurbinder Kaur

Dr. Gurbinder Kaur earned her PhD degree from Thapar University in 2012. She was the principle investigator for the project (based on fuel cells), awarded by the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi (2010–12). She is the recipient of the fellowship under the RFSMS scheme of the University Grants Commission (UGC), 2010. After completing her doctorate, she moved to Virginia Tech, USA to work as a postdoctoral fellow. She was an integral part of the research team of the host institute to address the complex issues of the leakage losses in the planar design of SOFC. She is also a recipient of postdoctoral fellowship from the UGC, New Delhi (2014) for pursuing research work in the field of bioactive glasses. She has been working on a variety of different materials and applications, including high-temperature energy materials, bioactive materials, and optical materials. She is the author/editor of seven books based on her research work with reputed publishing houses such as Elsevier LLC and Springer.

Affiliations and Expertise

Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

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