Pangolins - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128155073


1st Edition

Science, Society and Conservation

Series Volume Editors: Daniel Challender Helen Nash Carly Waterman
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128155073
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st September 2019
Page Count: 532
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Table of Contents

Jonathan Baillie

Philip J. Nyhus

Daniel W.S. Challender, Helen Nash, Carly Waterman

1. Evolution and morphology
Tim Gaudin, John Wible
2. Phylogeny and taxonomy
Antoinette Kotze, Tim Gaudin, Phillipe Gaubert
3. Symbolism, mythology and ritual significance of pangolins in Africa and Asia
Martin Walsh, Aster Zhang
4. Early biogeographies and symbolic use of pangolins in Europe in the 16th-18th centuries
Nathalie Lawrence

5. Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla
Wu Shi Bao, Nick Ching Min-Sun and others
6. Indian pangolin Manis crassicaudata
Tariq Mahmood, Rajesh Mohapatra, Priyan Perera and others
7. Sunda pangolin Manis javanica
Ju lian Chong, Chris Shepherd, Daniel Willcox and others
8. Philippine pangolin Manis culionensis
Sabine Schoppe, Levita Lagrada
9. Long-tailed pangolin Phataginus tetradactyla
Maxwell Boakye and others
10. Tree pangolin Phataginus tricuspis
Durojaye Soewu and others
11. Giant pangolin Smutsia gigantea
Ray Jansen, Darren Pietersen and others
12. Temminck’s Ground pangolin Smutsia temminckii
Darren Pietersen, Ray Jansen and others

13. Meat and medicine: historic and contemporary use in East Asia
Aster Zhang
14. Hunters and hobbyists: historic and contemporary use in Southeast Asia
Earl of Cranbrook, Chris R. Shepherd
15. Historic and contemporary use in South Asia
Rajesh Mohapatra, Tariq Mahmood and others
16. Bushmeat and beyond: use in West and Central Africa
Olufemi Sodeinde, Maxwell Boakye
17. Rituals and rainmaking: use of pangolins in East and Southern Africa
Ray Jansen and others
18. International trade in pangolins, 1900-2018
Chris Shepherd, Dan Challender, Sarah Heinrich

19. A history of pangolins in captivity
Sonja Luz, Leanne Wicker, Jason Chin
20. Pangolins in zoos: defining the role of ex situ conservation
Keri Parker, Sonja Luz
21. Husbandry of pangolins: lessons and challenges
Jason Chin, Sonja Luz, Ruben Holland
22. Captive pangolin diets
Francis Cabana, Thai Van Nguyen and others
23. Veterinary health and pangolins
Leanne Wicker and others
24. Lessons from rescue, rehabilitation and release
Lisa Hywood, Thai Van Nguyen and others
25. Challenges of dealing with trade-confiscated pangolins
Sonja Luz, Chris Shepherd
26. Evaluation of farming as a conservation solution
Dan Challender, Jacob Phelps, Mike ‘ t Sas-Rolfes

Law enforcement and regulation
27. The role of enforcement and regulation of harvest and trade
Chris Shepherd and others
28. Securing pangolin conservation in Zimbabwe [case study]
Lisa Hywood and others
29. Addressing trade threats to pangolins in CITES
Dan Challender, Chris R. Shepherd and others
30. Understanding illegal trade through forensics
Antoinette Kotze, Ray Jansen, Helen Nash, Samuel Wasser

Awareness raising, behaviour change, and community engagement
31. Raising awareness of pangolins locally, nationally and globally
Louise Fletcher, Paul Thomson, Dan Challender and others
32. Changing consumer behaviour for pangolin products
Carly Waterman and others
33. Engaging local communities in responses to illegal pangolin trade
Rosie Cooney and others
34. Community conservation in Nepal [case study]
Ambika Khatiwada, Prativa Kaspal, Tulshi Laxmi Suwal and others
35. Holistic approaches to protecting a pangolin stronghold in Central Africa [case study]
Paul de Ornellas, David Olson

Conservation planning and research
36. Setting priorities for conserving pangolins
Dan Challender and others
37. Research needs for pangolins
Darren Pietersen and others
38. Developing robust field methodologies
Norman Lim, Dan Challender and others
39. Identifying and protecting strongholds
Carly Waterman, Nick Ching Min-Sun and others
40. Leveraging support for pangolins through innovative finance, conservation tourism and other means
Enrico Di Minin, Oliver Withers

The future
41. Taking pangolin conservation to scale: the IUCN SSC Pangolin Specialist Group and the next 20 years
Dan Challender, Helen Nash, Carly Waterman, Chris Shepherd and others


Pangolins: Science and Conservation brings together experts from around the world to document the most up-to-date scientific knowledge on pangolins and their conservation. It chronicles threats facing the species, current initiatives being implemented to protect them, and looks ahead at the future of pangolin science and conservation efforts. Led by a team of editors recognized as pangolin specialists, this book includes accounts of the species’ evolution, morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy. In addition, it discusses the role of pangolins in historically symbolic, mythological and ritualistic practices across Africa, Asia and Europe, also exploring contemporary practices, such as illegal international trade.

Chapters in the latter portion of this book focus on the conservation, rehabilitation, and legal regulation of pangolins around the world, including current political efforts and interventions to secure the future of the species.

Key Features

  • Provides natural history and current conservational statuses for each of the eight pangolin species
  • Explores the cultural significance of pangolins, from historic, to contemporary use
  • Presents information on international pangolin trade
  • Discusses practices and solutions for veterinary health, diets and husbandry of pangolins in captivity


Researchers and students across disciplines including conservation science, zoology, biology, ecology, and evolution


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2020
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Series Volume Editors

Daniel Challender Series Volume Editor

Daniel W.S. Challender has been active in pangolin conservation for about ten years and re-formed and currently chairs the IUCN SSC Pangolin Specialist Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chair, IUCN SSC Pangolin Specialist Group

Helen Nash Series Volume Editor

Helen Nash has been studying pangolins for the past five years with a focus on local status and urban ecology, and is Vice-Chair, Genetics for the Pangolin Specialist Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice-Chair, Genetics for the Pangolin Specialist Group

Carly Waterman Series Volume Editor

Carly Waterman has been involved in pangolin conservation for about five years. She is currently Pangolin Technical Specialist at the Zoological Society of London and Programme Officer and Red List Coordinator for the Pangolin Specialist Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pangolin Technical Specialist at the Zoological Society of London