Organic Elemental Analysis

Organic Elemental Analysis

Ultramicro, Micro, and Trace Methods

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Author: Wolfgang Kirmse
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160896

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Description

Organic Elemental Analysis: Ultramicro, Micro, and Trace Methods is a 22-chapter text that presents the methods for ultramicro, micro, and trace organic elemental analysis for commercial routine analysis. Each chapter of this book describes the important features of the methods evaluated, such as gas chromatography, wet absorption, spectrophotometry, diffusion, extraction, flame photometry, and dead-stop titration. These methods are classified into dynamic, multielement, and automatic determination methods. The advantages and limitations, as well as the speed, accuracy, reliability and economic aspects of these methods are examined. Considerable chapters are devoted to the analysis of various elements, including carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, chlorine, bromine, iodine, fluorine, and phosphorus. Organic and analytical chemists, as well as chemistry teachers and students will find this work invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Chapter 1 Reagent Solutions, Standard Solutions, and Standard Substances

    Chapter 2 Transfers

    Chapter 3 Homogenization Of Specimens

    Chapter 4 Drying of Specimens and Samples

    Chapter 5 Weighing and Encapsulation of Samples

    Weighing in Crimped Capsules

    Hygroscopic Samples

    Volatile and Hygroscopic Liquids

    Volatile Solids, Smeary and Oily Materials,and Wet Solids

    Precautions

    Chapter 6 Spectrophotometry

    Chapter 7 Multielement Determinations

    Chapter 8 The Carle Erba Automatic Gas Chromatographic Elemental Analyzer

    The Function of the CHN Channel

    The Function of the Oxygen Channel

    Processing of the Data

    Some Common Operations

    General Remarks

    Chapter 9 Automatic Simultaneous Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen

    Apparatus

    Reagents

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedure

    Applicability

    Chapter 10 Automatic Simultaneous Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur

    Apparatus

    Reagents

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedure

    Applicability

    Chapter 11 Automatic Simultaneous Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur or Trace Sulfur

    Apparatus

    Reagents

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedure

    Chapter 12 Automatic Micro and Trace Determination of Nitrogen

    Apparatus

    Modifications

    Reagents

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Encapsulation of Samples and Loading of Drums

    Running the Analyses

    Applicability

    Chapter 13 Additional Remarks on CHN, CHNS, CHNS Trace S, And N Determination Methods

    Reactor Tubes

    Retention of Nitrogen

    Inlet Delay Time

    Temperature of Copper Filling

    Chapter 14 Automatic Determination of Oxygen

    Apparatus

    Reagents

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedure

    Applicability

    Discussion of The Oxygen Determination Method

    Chapter 15 Ultramicre Determination of Sulfur

    Reagents

    Additional Reagents for Extraction Method

    Additional Reagent for Bismuth-, Iodine-, Mercury-, Or Selenium-Containing Samples

    Assembly and Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedure

    Discussion

    Chapter 16 Ultramicro Determination of Fluorine

    Reagent

    Assembly and Adjustment of Apparatus

    Procedures

    Chapter 17 Simultaneous Determination of Sulfur and Fluorine

    Apparatus

    Procedure

    Chapter 18 Trace Determination of Sulfur or Fluorine

    Apparatus

    Additional Reagents for Fluorine (Seldom Needed)

    Adjustment of Apparatus

    Combustion Methods

    Chapter 19 Ultramicro Determination Of Chlorine, Bromine, and Iodine

    Hot-Flask Combustion

    Titration

    Precautions

    Chapter 20 Trace Determination of Chlorine, Bromine, and Iodine

    Apparatus

    Reagents

    Procedure

    Chapter 21 Ultramicro and Trace Determination of Phosphorus and Phosphate

    Reagents

    Procedure: Ultramicro and Micro

    Procedure: Trace

    Spectrophotometry

    Interferences

    Chapter 22 Determination of Ashes

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 158
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323160896

About the Author

Wolfgang Kirmse

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