Non-Metallic Biomaterials for Tooth Repair and Replacement

Non-Metallic Biomaterials for Tooth Repair and Replacement

1st Edition - December 11, 2012

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  • Editor: P Vallittu
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092441
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096432

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Description

As the demand for healthy, attractive teeth increases, the methods and materials employed in restorative dentistry have become progressively more advanced. Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement focuses on the use of biomaterials for a range of applications in tooth repair and, in particular, dental restoration.Part one reviews the structure, modification and repair of dental tissues. The properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration are discussed, along with biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel, and enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) for periodontal regeneration. Part two goes on to discuss the processing, bonding and wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement. Dental composites for tooth repair and replacement are then the focus of part three, including composite adhesive and antibacterial restorative materials for dental applications. The effects of particulate filler systems on the properties and performance of dental polymer composites are considered, along with composite based oral implants, fibre reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials and luting cements for dental applications.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement provides a clear overview for all those involved in the development and application of these materials, including academic researchers, materials scientists and dental clinicians.

Key Features

  • Discusses the properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration
  • Chapters also examine the wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement
  • Dental composites and antibacterial restorative mateirals are also considered

Readership

Students and academics, such as dental materials researchers at dental schools; General dental practitioners and specialists; Those interested in biomaterials applications

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

    Foreword

    Part I: Structure, modification and repair of dental tissues

    Chapter 1: Structure and properties of enamel and dentin

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Enamel

    1.3 Dentin–enamel junction (DEJ)

    1.4 Dentin

    1.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Structure of enamel

    2.3 Amelogenesis at the molecular scale

    2.4 Key issues in biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel

    2.5 Conclusion

    2.6 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 3: Enamel and dentin bonding for adhesive restorations

    Abstract:

    3.1 New trends in restorative dentistry

    3.2 Dental adhesion

    3.3 Bonding substrates

    3.4 Current bonding strategies

    3.5 Dental adhesion mechanisms

    3.6 In vitro versus in vivo studies

    3.7 Incompatibility between adhesives systems and restorative materials

    3.8 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Enamel matrix proteins (EMP) for periodontal regeneration

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction to principles of periodontal regeneration

    4.2 Periodontal ligament (PDL) stem/progenitor cells

    4.3 Secretion and composition of enamel matrix proteins (EMP)

    4.4 Modulation of cell differentiation by EMP and enamel matrix derivatives (EMD) in vitro

    4.5 In vivo studies (for bone regeneration)

    4.6 Treatment of periodontal osseous defects with enamel matrix derivatives

    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    4.7 Acknowledgement

    Part II: Dental ceramics and glasses for tooth repair and replacement

    Chapter 5: Processing and bonding of dental ceramics

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction to dental ceramics

    5.2 Alumina and zirconia chemistry

    5.3 Silane coupling agents and their chemistry

    5.4 Resin zirconia bonding

    5.5 Future trends

    Chapter 6: Wear properties of dental ceramics

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Clinical performance and wear of all-ceramic restorations

    6.3 In vitro evaluation of wear and cracks in all-ceramic materials

    6.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 7: Sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics for dental applications

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Sol-gel-derived glasses and glass ceramics

    7.3 Sol-gel-derived coatings

    7.4 Sol-gel-derived composites

    7.5 Conclusions and future trends

    Part III: Dental composites for tooth repair and replacement

    Chapter 8: Composite adhesive restorative materials for dental applications

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Resin composite restorative materials

    8.3 Polyacid-modified resin composite (compomer)

    8.4 Glass ionomer (polyalkenoate) cements

    8.5 Resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RM-GIC)

    8.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 9: Antibacterial composite restorative materials for dental applications

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Current direct aesthetic restorative materials

    9.3 Antibacterial properties of aesthetic restorative materials

    9.4 Remineralizing dental composites

    9.5 Antibacterial, remineralizing and proteinase-inhibiting materials

    9.6 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 10: Effects of particulate filler systems on the properties and performance of dental polymer composites

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Current dental composite materials

    10.3 Theoretical considerations

    10.4 Types of fillers used in dental composites

    10.5 Effect of fillers on properties of dental composites

    10.6 Stability, degradation and clinical outcomes

    10.7 Current and future trends

    Chapter 11: Composite-based oral implants

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Composition and structure

    11.3 Surface modification

    11.4 Biological response

    11.5 Clinical considerations and future trends

    Chapter 12: Fibre-reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction to fibre-reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials

    12.2 Structure and properties of fibre-reinforced composites

    12.3 Applications of fibre-reinforced composites in dentistry

    12.4 Fibre-reinforced filling composites

    12.5 Future trends

    12.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Luting cements for dental applications

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Classification of cements

    13.3 Clinical implications of cement choice

    13.4 Conclusion and future trends

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: December 11, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092441
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096432

About the Editor

P Vallittu

Pekka Vallittu is Professor of Biomaterials Science as well as Chair of the Biomaterials Science Department at the Institute of Dentistry, based at the University of Turku, Finland. Dr Vallittu is also Director of Turku Clinical Biomaterials Centre (TCBC).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Turku, Finland

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