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Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents: Downslope and Alongslope Processes and Deposits focuses solely on important downslope and alongslope processes. The book provides clear definitions and characteristics based on soil mechanics, fluid mechanics and sediment concentration by volume. It addresses Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, Density plumes, Hyperpycnal Flows, the Triggering Mechanisms of Downslope Processes, Bottom Currents, and Soft-Sediment Deformation Structures. The mechanics of each process are described in detail and used to provide empirically-driven categories to help recognize these deposits it the rock record.
Case studies clearly illustrate of the problems inherent in recognizing these processes in the rock record, and potential solutions are provided alongside future avenues of research. An appendix also provides step-by-step guidance in describing and interpreting sediments.
- Comprehensively addresses modern downslope and alongslope processes, including definitions and mechanisms
- Provides key criteria for the recognition of depositional facies in the rock record
- Includes case studies to illustrate each downslope and alongslope process
- Identifies key problems and potential solutions for future research
- Uses pragmatic, empirical, data-driven interpretations to revise conventional facies models
Researchers in Ocean Sciences and Sedimentology; undergraduate and graduate students in Oceanography and Earth Sciences. Researchers and professionals in the petroleum industry
2. Mass transport: Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows
3. Gravity Flows: Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, hyperpycnal flows, and contour currents
4. A Paradigm Shift
5. Density plumes: types, deflections, and external controls
6. Hyperpycnal flows
7. Triggering mechanisms of downslope processes
8. Bottom currents
9. Soft-sediment deformation structures
10. Epilogue: lessons learned
Appendix A: Concepts, glossary, and methodology
Appendix B: Video of flume experiments on sandy debris flows
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 2020
- 31st October 2020
- Paperback ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA
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