Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents

Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents

Downslope and Alongslope Processes and Deposits

1st Edition - October 31, 2020

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  • Author: G. Shanmugam
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128225769
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128225745

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Description

Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents: Downslope and Alongslope Processes and Deposits focuses solely on important downslope and alongslope processes. The book provides clear definitions and characteristics based on soil mechanics, fluid mechanics and sediment concentration by volume. It addresses Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, Density plumes, Hyperpycnal Flows, the Triggering Mechanisms of Downslope Processes, Bottom Currents, and Soft-Sediment Deformation Structures. The mechanics of each process are described in detail and used to provide empirically-driven categories to help recognize these deposits it the rock record. Case studies clearly illustrate of the problems inherent in recognizing these processes in the rock record, and potential solutions are provided alongside future avenues of research. An appendix also provides step-by-step guidance in describing and interpreting sediments.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively addresses modern downslope and alongslope processes, including definitions and mechanisms
  • Provides key criteria for the recognition of depositional facies in the rock record
  • Includes case studies to illustrate each downslope and alongslope process
  • Identifies key problems and potential solutions for future research
  • Uses pragmatic, empirical, data-driven interpretations to revise conventional facies models

Readership

Researchers in Ocean Sciences and Sedimentology; undergraduate and graduate students in Oceanography and Earth Sciences. Researchers and professionals in the petroleum industry

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    2. Mass transport: Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows
    3. Gravity Flows: Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, hyperpycnal flows, and contour currents
    4. A Paradigm Shift
    5. Density plumes: types, deflections, and external controls
    6. Hyperpycnal flows
    7. Triggering mechanisms of downslope processes
    8. Bottom currents
    9. Soft-sediment deformation structures
    10. Epilogue: lessons learned

    Appendix A: Concepts, glossary, and methodology

    Appendix B: Video of flume experiments on sandy debris flows

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: October 31, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128225769
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128225745

About the Author

G. Shanmugam

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA

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