Human Fatigue Risk Management - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128024126, 9780128026649

Human Fatigue Risk Management

1st Edition

Improving Safety in the Chemical Processing Industry

Authors: Susan Murray Matthew S. Thimgan
eBook ISBN: 9780128026649
Paperback ISBN: 9780128024126
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 21st June 2016
Page Count: 282
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Description

Human Fatigue Risk Management: Improving Safety in the Chemical Processing Industry teaches users everything they need to know to mitigate the risk of fatigued workers in a plant or refinery. As human fatigue has been directly linked to several major disasters, the book explores the API RP 755 guidelines that were released to reduce these types of incidents. This book will help users follow API RP 755 and/or implement a fatigue risk management system in their organization.

Susan Murray, a recognized expert in the field of sleep deprivation and its relation to high hazard industries, has written this book to be useful for HSE managers, plant and project managers, occupational safety professionals, and engineers and managers in the chemical processing industry. As scheduling of shifts is an important factor in reducing fatigue and accident rates, users will learn the benefits of more frequent staff rotation and how to implement an ideal scheduling plan.

The book goes beyond API RP 755, offering more detailed understanding of why certain measures for managing fatigue are beneficial to a company, including examples of how theory can be put into practice. It is a simple, digestible book for managers who are interested in addressing human factor issues at their workplace in order to raise safety standards.

Key Features

  • Covers sleep, sleep disorders, and the consequences of fatigue as related to high-hazard industries
  • Helps improve safety standards at the plant level
  • Provides information on how to comply with API RP 755 and related OSHA 29CFR1910 articles
  • Relates fatigue and human performance to accidents, helping readers make a case for implementing a human fatigue risk management policy, which, in turn, prevents loss of property and life

Readership

Engineers, managers, trainers, and workers in the chemical processing industry.  HSE managers, plant and project managers, occupational safety professionals

Table of Contents

  • About the Authors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: The consequences of fatigue in the process industries
    • Abstract
    • 1.1. BP Texas City
    • 1.2. Human factors and the BP Texas City accident
    • 1.3. A “Wake-up” call for the processing industry
  • Chapter 2: Basics of sleep biology
    • Abstract
    • 2.1. What is sleep?
    • 2.2. Identifying sleep
    • 2.3. What is sleep good for?
    • 2.4. Consequences of sleep deprivation
    • 2.5. Benefits of sleep
  • Chapter 3: Circadian rhythms and sleep–circadian interactions
    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Circadian rhythms
    • 3.2. Interaction between sleepiness and circadian rhythms
  • Chapter 4: Sleep hygiene recommendations
    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Make sleep a priority
    • 4.2. Light
    • 4.3. Consistent bedtime
    • 4.4. Bedtime routine
    • 4.5. Noise
    • 4.6. Temperature
    • 4.7. Stimulants
    • 4.8. Sleeping environment
    • 4.9. Pain
    • 4.10. Diet
    • 4.11. Naps
    • 4.12. Body posture
    • 4.13. Exercise
    • 4.14. Age
  • Chapter 5: Sleep disorders
    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Sleep apnea
    • 5.2. Insomnia
    • 5.3. Narcolepsy
    • 5.4. Restless leg syndrome (RLS)/Willis–Ekbom disease (WED)
    • 5.5. Shift work disorder
    • 5.6. Sleep–wake phase disorders
    • 5.7. Parasomnias
    • 5.8. Fatal familial insomnia
    • 5.9. Hypersomnias
  • Chapter 6: Fatigue and human performance
    • Abstract
    • 6.1. Fatigue and human error
    • 6.2. Fatigue and hand-eye coordination
    • 6.3. Fatigue and mood
    • 6.4. Fatigue and memory
    • 6.5. Fatigue and reaction time
    • 6.6. Fatigue and attention
    • 6.7. Fatigue and cognitive tunneling
    • 6.8. Fatigue and decision making
    • 6.9. Fatigue and working with others
    • 6.10. Fatigue and marital life
  • Chapter 7: Fatigue and accidents
    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Bhopal—fatigue and poor abnormal situation response
    • 7.2. American Airlines 1420—fatigue and decline in situation awareness
    • 7.3. NASA space shuttle—fatigue and decision making
    • 7.4. Exxon Valdez—fatigue and work schedules
    • 7.5. Three Mile Island and cognitive tunneling
    • 7.6. Metro-North train derailment fatigue caused by circadian rhythms and sleep apnea
    • 7.7. Fatigue’s role in accidents
  • Chapter 8: Fatigue-related regulations and guidelines
    • Abstract
    • 8.1. OSHA and fatigue risk
    • 8.2. NIOSH sleep-related publications
    • 8.3. UK and EU regulations
    • 8.4. Transportation fatigue regulations
    • 8.5. Healthcare fatigue regulations
    • 8.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 9: Fatigue counter measures
    • Abstract
    • 9.1. Schedule
    • 9.2. Food and drink
    • 9.3. A sleep-friendly bedroom
    • 9.4. Lighting
    • 9.5. Getting to sleep or back to sleep
    • 9.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10: Work shifts
    • Abstract
    • 10.1. Shift work
    • 10.2. Work-shift schedule design
    • 10.3. Managing work-shift scheduling
    • 10.4. Evaluating work shifts using the HSE fatigue index
    • 10.5. An example of health and safety executive’s fatigue index
  • Chapter 11: Work environment
    • Abstract
    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Lighting
    • 11.3. Temperature
    • 11.4. Noise
    • 11.5. Vibration
    • 11.6. Color
  • Chapter 12: Work task design
    • Abstract
    • 12.1. Introduction to work design
    • 12.2. Work stress
    • 12.3. Administrative solutions for work design issues
    • 12.4. Workplace exercise
    • 12.5. Engineering solutions for work design issues
    • 12.6. Error proofing
    • 12.7. Human reliability analysis
  • Chapter 13: Employee training
    • Abstract
    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Addressing FRMS training reluctance
    • 13.3. Training topics
    • 13.4. Ways to Engage Trainees
    • 13.5. Training for supervisors
    • 13.6. Freely available FRMS training materials
    • 13.7. FRMS training assessment
  • Chapter 14: Naps
    • Abstract
    • 14.1. Perceptions of napping
    • 14.2. Is sleepiness a problem at work?
    • 14.3. Benefits of naps
    • 14.4. Strategic napping
    • 14.5. Napping recommendations for the workplace and for shiftwork
    • 14.6. Nap facilities
  • Chapter 15: Compounds that alter sleep and wakefulness
    • Abstract
    • 15.1. Over-the-counter substances
    • 15.2. Prescription medications meant to alter sleep and sleepiness
    • 15.3. Common prescriptions that can alter sleep regulation
  • Chapter 16: Creating a fatigue risk management system (FRMS)
    • Abstract
    • 16.1. Call for fatigue risk management systems (FRMS)
    • 16.2. Purpose of an FRMS
    • 16.3. Roles and responsibilities
    • 16.4. FRMS implementation
    • 16.5. Training
    • 16.6. Hours of service limits
    • 16.7. FRMS resources
    • 16.8. Assessing an FRMS
    • 16.9. FRMS quality assurance questions
  • Chapter 17: Accident investigation
    • Abstract
    • 17.1. Investigating accidents, incidents, and near misses
    • 17.2. Considering human factors in an investigation
    • 17.3. Fatigue as a contributing factor in accidents
    • 17.4. Sample NTSB fatigue-related accident investigation
    • 17.5. BP Texas City CSB investigation
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
282
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128026649
Paperback ISBN:
9780128024126

About the Author

Susan Murray

Susan L. Murray, Ph.D., P.E., Professor - Engineering Management & Systems Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology

http://web.mst.edu/~murray/resume.html

Affiliations and Expertise

Ph.D., P.E., Engineering Management & Systems Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Matthew S. Thimgan

Matthew S. Thimgan, Ph.D., Assistant Professor – Biological Sciences, Missouri University of Science and Technology. Matthew has over 10 years’ experience in sleep biology, and his research interests are biochemistry, genetics and anatomy of the sleep loss response, role of lipid metabolism in Drosophila and identification of biomarkers for sleepiness.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Biological Sciences, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Reviews

"This book is a must read for process safety and risk management professionals, human factors specialists, managers, and leaders who want to understand the underlying issues related to human fatigue risk management and effective approaches to dealing with these issues." --M. Sam Mannan, Regents Professor and Executive Director, Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center, Texas A&M University