Hearing Loss

Hearing Loss

Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

1st Edition - February 22, 2017

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  • Author: Jos Eggermont
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128093498
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128053980

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Description

Hearing Loss: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment covers hearing loss, causes and prevention, treatments, and future directions in the field, also looking at the cognitive problems that can develop. To avoid the “silent epidemic” of hearing loss, it is necessary to promote early screening, use hearing protection, and change public attitudes toward noise. Successful treatments of hearing loss deal with restoring hearing sensitivity via hearing aids, including cochlear, brainstem, or midbrain implants. Both the technical aspects and effects on the quality of life of these devices are discussed. The integration of all aspects of hearing, hearing loss, prevention, and treatment make this a perfect one-volume course in audiology at the graduate student level. However, it is also a great reference for established audiologists, ear surgeons, neurologists, and pediatric and geriatric professionals.

Key Features

  • Presents an in-depth overview of hearing loss, causes and prevention, treatments, and future directions in the field
  • Written for researchers and clinicians, such as auditory neuroscientists, audiologists, neurologists, speech pathologists, pediatricians, and geriatricians
  • Presents the benefits and problems with hearing aids and cochlear implants
  • Includes important quality of life issues

Readership

Researchers and clinical practitioners such as auditory neuroscientists, audiologists, neurologists, speech pathologists, pediatricians, and geriatricians

Table of Contents

  • Part I: The Basics

    Chapter 1. Hearing Basics

    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Hearing Sensitivity in the Animal Kingdom
    • 1.2 The Mammalian Middle Ear
    • 1.3 The Mammalian Inner Ear
    • 1.4 The Auditory Nerve
    • 1.5 Ribbon Synapses
    • 1.6 The Central Afferent System
    • 1.7 The Efferent System
    • 1.8 Sound Localization
    • 1.9 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 2. Brain Plasticity and Perceptual Learning

    • Abstract
    • 2.1 The External Environment
    • 2.2 Learning Paradigms
    • 2.3 Perceptual Learning
    • 2.4 Auditory Training
    • 2.5 AV Training
    • 2.6 Music Training
    • 2.7 Training by Playing Action Video Games
    • 2.8 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 3. Multisensory Processing

    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Multimodal Auditory Cortical Areas
    • 3.2 AV Interaction in Humans
    • 3.3 Auditory–Somatosensory Interaction
    • 3.4 Summary
    • References

    Part II: The Problem

    Chapter 4. Hearing Problems

    • Abstract
    • 4.1 The Various Consequences of Noise Exposure
    • 4.2 Sound Localization Problems
    • 4.3 The Cocktail Party, Where Identification and Localization Come Together
    • 4.4 Other Consequences of Hearing Loss
    • 4.5 Neurological Disorders with Hearing Problems
    • 4.6 Hearing Disorders Without Hearing Sensitivity Loss
    • 4.7 Nonauditory Effects of Hearing Loss
    • 4.8 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 5. Types of Hearing Loss

    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Site of Lesion Testing
    • 5.2 Conductive Hearing Loss
    • 5.3 Use of Tympanometry in Detecting Conductive Hearing Loss
    • 5.4 Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    • 5.5 Loudness Recruitment
    • 5.6 Auditory Neuropathy
    • 5.7 Vestibular Schwannoma
    • 5.8 Ménière’s Disease
    • 5.9 Age-Related Hearing Impairment (Presbycusis)
    • 5.10 Summary
    • References

    Part III: The Causes

    Chapter 6. Causes of Acquired Hearing Loss

    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Occupational Noise Exposure in General
    • 6.2 Recreational Noise and Music
    • 6.3 Animal Research into Effects of Noise Exposure on the Brain
    • 6.4 Ototoxicity
    • 6.5 Long-Term Effects of Conductive Hearing Loss in Infancy
    • 6.6 Vestibular Schwannoma
    • 6.7 Ménière’s Disease
    • 6.8 Diabetes
    • 6.9 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 7. Epidemiology and Genetics of Hearing Loss and Tinnitus

    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Epidemiology of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    • 7.2 Epidemiology of Age-Related Hearing Loss
    • 7.3 Epidemiology of Tinnitus
    • 7.4 Epidemiology of Smoking and Alcohol Consumption
    • 7.5 Epidemiology of Diabetes
    • 7.6 Epidemiology of Otitis Media
    • 7.7 Epidemiology of Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder
    • 7.8 Genetics of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
    • 7.9 Genetics of Otosclerosis
    • 7.10 Genetics of Auditory Neuropathy
    • 7.11 Gene Networks
    • 7.12 Hereditary Versus Acquired Hearing Loss
    • 7.13 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 8. Early Diagnosis and Prevention of Hearing Loss

    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Normal Human Auditory Development
    • 8.2 Effects of Early Hearing Loss on Speech Production
    • 8.3 Early Detection
    • 8.4 Noise Exposure During Adolescence and Young Adulthood
    • 8.5 Physical Hearing Protection
    • 8.6 Education
    • 8.7 Drug Protection Against Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
    • 8.8 Summary
    • References

    Part IV: The Treatments

    Chapter 9. Hearing Aids

    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Effects of Hearing Loss
    • 9.2 Acclimatization and Plasticity
    • 9.3 Satisfaction and Quality of Life
    • 9.4 Types of Hearing Aids
    • 9.5 Processing
    • 9.6 High-Frequency Hearing Loss, Loudness Recruitment, and Reduced SNR
    • 9.7 Hearing Aids and Music Perception
    • 9.8 Hearing Aids and Tinnitus
    • 9.9 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 10. Implantable Hearing Aids

    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Bone Conduction Mechanisms
    • 10.2 Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids
    • 10.3 Implantable Active Middle Ear Devices
    • 10.4 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 11. Cochlear Implants

    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Basics of Cochlear Implants
    • 11.2 A Little History
    • 11.3 Sound Processing Strategies
    • 11.4 Temporal Processing With a Cochlear Implant
    • 11.5 Effects of Age on Implantation
    • 11.6 Cochlear Implants and Music Perception
    • 11.7 One-Sided or Bilateral Implantation?
    • 11.8 Cochlear Implantation and Tinnitus
    • 11.9 Modeling Studies
    • 11.10 Summary
    • References

    Part V: The Future

    Chapter 12. Auditory Brainstem and Midbrain Implants

    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Auditory Brainstem Implants
    • 12.2 Auditory Midbrain Implants
    • 12.3 Summary
    • References

    Chapter 13. Repairing and Building New Ears

    • Abstract
    • 13.1 Gene Therapy for Hereditary Hearing Loss
    • 13.2 Regenerating Hair Cells
    • 13.3 Birds Can Do It
    • 13.4 Trials in Mammals
    • 13.5 Outlook
    • References

    Appendix A. Electrocochleography From the Promontory and via a Cochlear Implant

    • A.1 Introduction
    • A.2 Methods
    • A.3 Receptor Potentials
    • A.4 The Compound Action Potential
    • A.5 Comparing the CAP and the eCAP
    • References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 426
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: February 22, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128093498
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128053980

About the Author

Jos Eggermont

Dr. Jos J. Eggermont is an Emeritus Professor in the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, and Psychology at the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada. Dr. Eggermont is one of the most renowned scientists in the field of the auditory system and his work has contributed substantially to the current knowledge about hearing loss. His research comprises most aspects of audition with an emphasis on the electrophysiology of the auditory system in experimental animals. He has published over 225 scientific articles, authored/edited 10 books, and contributed to over 100 book chapters all focusing on the auditory system.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, Departments of Physiology, Pharmacology and Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

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