Handbook of Environmental Engineering Assessment

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Assessment

Strategy, Planning, and Management

1st Edition - May 9, 2012

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  • Authors: Ravi Jain, Lloyd Urban, Harold Balbach, M. Diana Webb
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884459
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123884442

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Description

This is one of the most comprehensive books on complex subjects of environmental engineering assessment and planning. Addressing these issues requires an understanding of technical, economic, and policy perspectives; based upon extensive research and practical experience of the authors, these perspectives are thoughtfully and clearly presented. Covered in this book are subjects related to environmental engineering and planning which include environmental laws and regulations, international perspectives on environmental analysis engineering and planning, economic and social impact analysis, public participation, and energy and environmental implications of major public works and private projects. Contemporary issues ranging from climate change to ecorisk and sustainability are covered in a special section as well. Under Contemporary Challenges are environmental issues that have received considerable public support and concern; they include: climate change, acid rain, deforestation, endangered species, biodiversity, ecorisk, cultural resources, and sustainability. For most of these issues, there are scientific agreements and disagreements; there are many uncertainties, thus views differ widely. These topics are discussed in considerable detail. Notwithstanding uncertainties and differing views on such topics, all of this information is put in a policy context such that progress towards addressing these contemporary challenges can be made while consensus on the nature and extent of the problem and resultant solutions are being developed. The book provides considerable information about many timeless issues. These issues range from resources needed for sustaining the quality of life on the planet: air resources to natural resources. Specifically covered are: air, water, land, ecology, sound/noise, human aspects, economics, and resources. For each of these areas, some of the key elements are described so that one can effectively manage complex environmental engineering and planning requirements. Each of the elements are clearly defined and other information, such as how human activities affect the element, source of affects, variable to be measured, how such variables can be measured, data sources, and evaluation and interpretation of data, etc. are provided. Material presented provides a rich source of information so the reader can efficiently and effectively use it to make meaningful environmental engineering, planning, and management decisions.

Key Features

  • Help with every aspect of analyzing the environmental implications of a project
  • Complete coverage of current approaches, practices, procedures, documentations, regulations, and issues related to environmental engineering and planning
  • Step-by-step directions for preparing environmental impact analysis, and environmental reports
  • Valuable expert advice on international perspectives, public participation, social and environmental impacts
  • A comprehensive write-up on contemporary issues ranging from climate change to sustainability
  • A comprehensive description and analysis of timeless issues ranging from air resources to natural resources

Readership

Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineers, Environmental Engineering Technicians and Civil Engineering Technicians

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    About the Authors

    Abbreviations and Acronyms

    Chapter One. Environmental Assessment in Engineering and Planning

    1.1 What Is Environmental Assessment?

    1.2 Engineering and Planning Issues

    1.3 Why Environmental Assessment Is Needed

    1.4 Who Prepares Environmental Assessment and Planning Documents?

    1.5 Integrating Art, Science, Strategy, and Management Issues

    1.6 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Two. Environmental Laws and Regulations

    2.1 Rationale for Environmental Legislation and Regulations

    2.2 Shortcomings of Environmental Legislation and Regulations

    2.3 Legislative Data Systems

    2.4 Overview of Federal Environmental Legislation

    2.5 Trends in Environmental Legislation and Regulations

    2.6 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Three. National Environmental Policy Act

    3.1 Elements of NEPA

    3.2 Judicial Review

    3.3 Effects of NEPA

    3.4 Implementation of NEPA

    3.5 Council on Environmental Quality

    3.6 Executive Orders and Agency Response

    3.7 State Environmental Policy Acts

    3.8 NEPA and Agency Planning

    3.9 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Four. Environmental Documents and CEQ Regulations

    4.1 Function and Purpose of the NEPA Assessment Process

    4.2 NEPA Regulations

    4.3 Environmental Documents

    4.4 Application of Environmental Documentation Process

    4.5 EIS Format and Content

    4.6 Preparing and Processing the EA or EIS

    4.7 Timing of Agency Action

    4.8 Tiering

    4.9 Mitigation

    4.10 General Considerations in EIS Preparation

    4.11 Case Studies

    4.12 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Five. Elements of Environmental Assessment and Planning

    5.1 Agency Activities

    5.2 Environmental Attributes

    5.3 Determining Environmental Impact

    5.4 Reporting Findings

    5.5 Using Information Technology to Aid in the NEPA Process

    5.6 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Six. Environmental Assessment Methodologies

    6.1 Choosing a Methodology

    6.2 Categorizing Methodologies

    6.3 Review Criteria

    6.4 Methodology Descriptions

    6.5 Methodology Review

    6.6 Future Directions

    6.7 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Seven. Generalized Approach for Environmental Assessment

    7.1 Agency Activities

    7.2 Environmental Attributes

    7.3 Institutional Constraints

    7.4 Environmental Setting

    7.5 System

    7.6 Output

    7.7 Rationale for a Computer-Based System

    7.8 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Eight. Procedure for Reviewing Environmental Impact Statements

    8.1 Types of EIS Review

    8.2 General Considerations in EIS Review

    8.3 EIS Review Procedures

    8.4 Approaches to Systematic EIS Review

    8.5 Review Comments

    8.6 Summary

    8.7 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Nine. International Perspectives on Environmental Assessment, Engineering, and Planning

    9.1 International Implications of NEPA

    9.2 Future NEPA Trends

    9.3 Environmental Impact Assessment in Other Countries

    9.4 EIA in Selected Countries

    9.5 Limitations to EIA Effectiveness in Developing Countries

    9.6 EIA in Asia and the Pacific

    9.7 EIA in Latin America

    9.8 EIA in Canada

    9.9 EIA in Europe

    9.10 EIA in India

    9.11 International Aid Organizations

    9.12 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Ten. Economic and Social Impact Analysis

    10.1 Socioeconomic Assessment within NEPA

    10.2 Economic Impact Analysis

    10.3 Economic Models

    10.4 Future Direction for Economic Impact Analysis

    10.5 Social Impact Assessment

    10.6 Social Impact Analysis Methods

    10.7 Assembling the Socioeconomic Impact Assessment

    10.8 Problem Areas

    10.9 Environmental Justice

    10.10 Conclusions

    10.11 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Eleven. Public Participation

    11.1 Beginnings

    11.2 Early American Experiences in Public Participation

    11.3 Alternative Terminology

    11.4 Public Involvement Requirements within NEPA

    11.5 What Is the Public?

    11.6 What Is Participation?

    11.7 Contemporary Experience in Public Participation

    11.8 Getting Input from the Public

    11.9 Commenting on the Draft EIS—A Special Case of Public Participation

    11.10 Case Studies

    11.11 Application of Public Input

    11.12 Participation in Developing Regulations

    11.13 An Effective Public Participation Program

    11.14 Benefits of an Effective Public Participation Program

    11.15 Response to Public Participation Format Variations

    11.16 Public Participation and the Digital Revolution

    11.17 Internet Capability to Support Public Participation

    11.18 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Twelve. Energy and Environmental Implications

    12.1 Energy as a Resource

    12.2 Fuel Alternatives and Development of Supplies—Environmental Considerations

    12.3 Energy Costs of Pollution Control

    12.4 Energy Aspects of Recycling Materials

    12.5 Discussion and Study Questions

    Chapter Thirteen. Contemporary Issues in Environmental Assessment

    13.1 Climate Change

    13.2 Acid Rain

    13.3 Deforestation

    13.4 Endangered Species and NEPA

    13.5 Biodiversity

    13.6 Cultural Resources

    13.7 Ecorisk

    13.8 Cumulative Impacts

    13.9 Indirect Impacts

    13.10 How Are These Contemporary Issues Different?

    13.11 Discussion and Study Questions

    APPENDIX A. National Environmental Policy Act

    The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as Amended

    Purpose

    The Environmental Quality Improvement Act, as Amended

    APPENDIX B. Attribute Descriptor Package

    Air

    Further Reading

    Water

    Land

    Ecology

    Sound

    Human Aspects

    Economics

    Resources

    APPENDIX C. A Step-by-Step Procedure for Preparing Environmental Assessments and Statements

    Step 1. Define the Action

    Step 2. Develop Alternatives

    Step 3. Identify Relevant Project Activities

    Step 4. Examine Attributes Likely to Be Affected

    Step 5. Solicit Public Concerns

    Step 6. Re-evaluate Identification of Activities and Attributes

    Step 7. Evaluate Impacts Using Descriptor Package and Worksheets

    Step 8. Summarize Impacts

    Step 9. Review Other Alternatives

    Step 10. Analyze Findings

    Step 11. Prepare Assessment Document

    Step 12. Review and Process Document

    APPENDIX D. Regulations for Implementing Procedural Provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act

    Part 1500—purpose, policy, and mandate

    Part 1501—nepa and agency planning

    Part 1502—environmental impact statement

    Part 1503—commenting

    Part 1504—predecision referrals to the council of proposed federal actions determined to be environmentally unsatisfactory

    Part 1505—nepa and agency decision making

    Part 1506—other requirements of nepa

    Part 1507—agency compliance

    Part 1508—terminology and index

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 784
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: May 9, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123884459
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123884442

About the Authors

Ravi Jain

Ravi Jain is Dean and Professor of the School of Engineering and Computer Science, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Civil Engineering from California State University, and a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from Texas Tech. He studied public administration and public policy at Harvard, earning an M.P.A. degree and did additional graduate studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Affiliations and Expertise

Dean and Professor Emeritus, School of Engineering and Computer Science, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA

Lloyd Urban

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Director, Water Resources Center, Professor of Civil Engineering, Texas Tech University

Harold Balbach

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center

M. Diana Webb

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Leader, Ecology Group, and Director, Policy Office, Los Alamos National Laboratory

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