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Governing Nano Foods: Principles-Based Responsive Regulation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124201569, 9780124202146

Governing Nano Foods: Principles-Based Responsive Regulation

1st Edition

EFFoST Critical Reviews #3

Authors: Bernd Meulen Harry Bremmers Kai Purnhagen Nidhi Gupta Hans Bouwmeester L. Leon Geyer
eBook ISBN: 9780124202146
Paperback ISBN: 9780124201569
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 13th January 2014
Page Count: 100
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Food which nanotechnology has impacted or to which nanotechnology is applied is referred to as nanofood. From treatment of the soil in which a crop plant is grown to the caring of a food, nanotechnology is a growing factor in the food supply. At this point, however, there is no definitive, effective global method for regulating the use of nanotechnology as it relates to the food suply.

Legislation on nanotechnologies is still evolving, as is understanding what data is needed for effective, efficient and appropriate risk assessment associated with nanotechnology impacted foods. Due to the emerging nature of nanotechnology and its role in the food supply, case-by-case studies are the current norm, but the need for wide-scale testing and broad-based regulatory standards is urgent.

This project is based on an EFFoST study designed to provide a comparative study of nanofood regulations in order to guide regulation development in this rapidly expanding market.

Key Features

  • Provides comparative study of nanofood regulations in order to guide regulation development in this rapidly expanding market
  • Includes both case-by-case examples and more broad-based insights
  • Provides models for regulation specifically for regulating nanotechnology as applied to food


Those working with nanotechnology as related to the production of food, those establishing policy and regulations

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1 Why Regulate the Application of Nanotechnologies in Food?

1.2 Applications of Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture

1.3 The Challenge to Regulate Nanotechnology in Food

1.4 Objectives, Methods and Scope of the Study

1.5 Structure of the Study

Chapter 2. Requirements for Food Safety Regulation

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Fundamental Principles of Food Safety Governance

2.3 Risk Analysis as a Method to Determine the Regulatory Outcome

2.4 Increasing Responsibility of Businesses (Private) Risk Assessors

2.5 Consequences for Regulation

Chapter 3. Safety Frame Applied to Food Applications of Nanotechnology

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Food Business

3.3 Food Products

3.4 Process

3.5 Communication

3.6 Food Contact Materials

3.7 Recommendation

Chapter 4. Case-by-Case Premarket Approval

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Object of Approval

4.3 Subject of Approval

4.4 Scope of Approval

4.5 Assessment

4.6 Generally Recognized as Safe

4.7 A Responsive System?

Chapter 5. Nano-Specific Regulation

5.1 Towards a Legal Concept

Chapter 6. Regulatory Burdens

6.1 Burdens

6.2 Other Concerns

6.3 Alleviating Burdens

6.4 Global Harmonisation?

Chapter 7. A Responsive Regulatory System

Chapter 8. Conclusions and Way Forward

8.1 Recommendations to Legislatures

8.2 Recommendation to the Scientific Community

8.3 Recommendation to International Risk Assessment Authorities

Appendix A. Analytical Framework

A.1 Elements of Food Safety Regulation

A.2 Requirements on Food Businesses

Appendix B. On the Delineation of the Concept ‘Nanotechnology’



Appendix C. Lessons Learned from Selected Regulatory Reviews


C.1 Introduction

C.2 Selected Reviews of Regulatory Actions on Nanotechnology and Food

Appendix D. Nanotechnology in Proposed and Upcoming Regulation


D.1 Developments in the USA

D.2 Developments in the EU

D.3 Current Developments

Appendix E. Research Team


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2014
13th January 2014
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:

About the Authors

Bernd Meulen

Bernd Meulen

Bernd van der Meulen (Bachelor/Masters of Law, Masters of Governance, PhD Law) is the head of the Law and Governance Group of Wageningen University, President & co-founder of the Dutch Food Law Association (NVLR) and Director of European Institute for Food Law where he is a supervisor of PhD-researchers and students in organisation, quality assessment, mediation and conflict resolution and served as chair of the exams committee of the Department of Social Sciences at Wageningen University (2002-2012)

Affiliations and Expertise

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Harry Bremmers

Harry Bremmers

Affiliations and Expertise

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Kai Purnhagen

Kai Purnhagen

Affiliations and Expertise

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Nidhi Gupta

Nidhi Gupta

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Hans Bouwmeester

Hans Bouwmeester

Affiliations and Expertise

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

L. Leon Geyer

L. Leon Geyer

Affiliations and Expertise

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA


"The report discusses testing and improving regulatory infrastructures or building new ones to ensure food safety in the face of challenges posed by nanotechnologies. It argues for a principles-based regulatory framework for nanotechnologies, in contrast to conventional rule-based approaches…", April 2014

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