Fluorinated Ionomers - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781437744576, 9781437744583

Fluorinated Ionomers

2nd Edition

Authors: Walther Grot
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437744576
eBook ISBN: 9781437744583
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 29th July 2011
Page Count: 312
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Table of Contents

  • Series Page
  • Plastics Design Library
  • PDL Fluorocarbon Series Editor’s Preface
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Polymers
    • 1.2. Physical Shapes
  • 2. History
  • 3. Manufacture
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Perfluorinated Ionomers
    • 3.3. Polymerization
    • 3.4. Fabrication
    • 3.5. Hydrolysis and Acid Exchange
    • 3.6. Finishing and Testing
    • 3.7. Liquid Compositions
    • 3.8. Fluorinated Ionomers with Phosphonic or Sulfonyl Imide Functional Groups
    • 3.9. Partially Fluorinated Ionomers
    • 3.10. Composite Materials of Ionomers and Inorganic Oxides
    • 3.11. Composite Materials of Ionomers and a Porous Matrix
    • 3.12. Remanufactured Membranes
  • 4. Properties
    • 4.1. Properties of the Precursor Polymers
    • 4.2. Properties of the Ionic Forms
    • 4.3. Morphology
    • 4.4. Transport Properties
    • 4.5. Optical Properties
    • 4.6. Thermal Properties
    • 4.7. Stability
  • 5. Applications
    • 5.1. Electrolysis
    • 5.2. Sensors and Actuators
    • 5.3. Dialysis
    • 5.4. Gas and Vapor Diffusion
    • 5.5. Protective Clothing
    • 5.6. Catalysis
  • 6. Fuel Cells and Batteries
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Operating Parameters
    • 6.3. Ionomer Stability
    • 6.4. Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs)
    • 6.5. Manufacture of MEAs
    • 6.6. Rechargeable Flow Through Batteries
  • 7. Commercial Membrane Types
    • 7.1. Unreinforced Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Films
    • 7.2. Reinforced Perfluorinated Membranes
  • 8. Economic Aspects
    • 8.1. Chlor-Alkali Cells
    • 8.2. Fuel Cells
  • 9. Experimental Methods
    • 9.1. Infrared Spectra
    • 9.2. Hydrolysis, Surface Hydrolysis, and Staining
    • 9.3. Other Reactions of the Precursor Polymer
    • 9.4. Ion Exchange Equilibrium
    • 9.5. Determination of EW by Titration or Infrared Analysis
    • 9.6. Determining Melt Flow
    • 9.7. Distinguishing the Precursor Polymer from Various Ionic Forms
    • 9.8. Fenton’s Test for Oxidative Stability
    • 9.9. Examination of a Membrane
    • 9.10. Determining the Permselectivity
    • 9.12. Simple Electrolytic Cells
  • 10. Heat Sealing and Repair
  • 11. Handling, Storage, and Installation
    • 11.1. Handling the Film
    • 11.2. Pretreatment
    • 11.3. Installation
  • 12. Toxicology, Safety, and Disposal
    • 12.1. Toxicology
    • 12.2. Safety
    • 12.3. Disposal
  • Appendix A. A Chromic Acid Regeneration System
  • Appendix B. Laboratory Chlor-alkali Cell
  • Appendix C. Solution Cast Nafion Film
  • Appendix D. Plastic-Based Bipolar Plates
  • DuPont™ Nafion® membranes: Membranes for Fuel Cells
  • DuPont™ Nafion® PFSA Membranes N-112, NE-1135, N-115, N-117, NE-1110: perfluorosulfonic acid polymer
  • Suppliers and Resources
  • Glossary and Web Sites
  • Index

Description

  • Series Page
  • Plastics Design Library
  • PDL Fluorocarbon Series Editor’s Preface
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Polymers
    • 1.2. Physical Shapes
  • 2. History
  • 3. Manufacture
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Perfluorinated Ionomers
    • 3.3. Polymerization
    • 3.4. Fabrication
    • 3.5. Hydrolysis and Acid Exchange
    • 3.6. Finishing and Testing
    • 3.7. Liquid Compositions
    • 3.8. Fluorinated Ionomers with Phosphonic or Sulfonyl Imide Functional Groups
    • 3.9. Partially Fluorinated Ionomers
    • 3.10. Composite Materials of Ionomers and Inorganic Oxides
    • 3.11. Composite Materials of Ionomers and a Porous Matrix
    • 3.12. Remanufactured Membranes
  • 4. Properties
    • 4.1. Properties of the Precursor Polymers
    • 4.2. Properties of the Ionic Forms
    • 4.3. Morphology
    • 4.4. Transport Properties
    • 4.5. Optical Properties
    • 4.6. Thermal Properties
    • 4.7. Stability
  • 5. Applications
    • 5.1. Electrolysis
    • 5.2. Sensors and Actuators
    • 5.3. Dialysis
    • 5.4. Gas and Vapor Diffusion
    • 5.5. Protective Clothing
    • 5.6. Catalysis
  • 6. Fuel Cells and Batteries
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Operating Parameters
    • 6.3. Ionomer Stability
    • 6.4. Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs)
    • 6.5. Manufacture of MEAs
    • 6.6. Rechargeable Flow Through Batteries
  • 7. Commercial Membrane Types
    • 7.1. Unreinforced Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Films
    • 7.2. Reinforced Perfluorinated Membranes
  • 8. Economic Aspects
    • 8.1. Chlor-Alkali Cells
    • 8.2. Fuel Cells
  • 9. Experimental Methods
    • 9.1. Infrared Spectra
    • 9.2. Hydrolysis, Surface Hydrolysis, and Staining
    • 9.3. Other Reactions of the Precursor Polymer
    • 9.4. Ion Exchange Equilibrium
    • 9.5. Determination of EW by Titration or Infrared Analysis
    • 9.6. Determining Melt Flow
    • 9.7. Distinguishing the Precursor Polymer from Various Ionic Forms
    • 9.8. Fenton’s Test for Oxidative Stability
    • 9.9. Examination of a Membrane
    • 9.10. Determining the Permselectivity
    • 9.12. Simple Electrolytic Cells
  • 10. Heat Sealing and Repair
  • 11. Handling, Storage, and Installation
    • 11.1. Handling the Film
    • 11.2. Pretreatment
    • 11.3. Installation
  • 12. Toxicology, Safety, and Disposal
    • 12.1. Toxicology
    • 12.2. Safety
    • 12.3. Disposal
  • Appendix A. A Chromic Acid Regeneration System
  • Appendix B. Laboratory Chlor-alkali Cell
  • Appendix C. Solution Cast Nafion Film
  • Appendix D. Plastic-Based Bipolar Plates
  • DuPont™ Nafion® membranes: Membranes for Fuel Cells
  • DuPont™ Nafion® PFSA Membranes N-112, NE-1135, N-115, N-117, NE-1110: perfluorosulfonic acid polymer
  • Suppliers and Resources
  • Glossary and Web Sites
  • Index

Key Features

  • An essential reference for scientists working with electrolysis and electrochemical processes (the use of this polymer group in industrial chemistry processes is credited with a 1% reduction in global electricity usage)
  • Covers the techniques involved in the growing range of applications for fluorinated ionomers, including fuel cells, batteries and drug delivery The only book on this important polymer group, written by Walther Grot, the inventor of the leading fluorinated ionomer, Nafion® from DuPont

Readership

Industrial Chemists, Chemical Engineers and Electrical Engineers involved in product development and technical service in the Chlor-alkali and fuel cell industries. Engineers involved in applications using fluorinated ionomers, e.g. chemical industry, energy / clean tech, automotive industry. Fluoropolymer manufacturers


Details

No. of pages:
312
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2011
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9781437744583
Hardcover ISBN:
9781437744576

About the Authors

Walther Grot Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Ion Power, Inc. (former DuPont), Delaware, U.S.A.