Examination of the Newborn and Neonatal Health

Examination of the Newborn and Neonatal Health

A Multidimensional Approach

2nd Edition - September 16, 2020

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  • Authors: Lorna Davies, Sharon McDonald
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702079412
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702049552

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Description

Key Features

  • An essential guide to this most important of examinations
  • The first book to assist in the recognition of the psychosocial and emotional elements of physical disability that may impact on the family
  • Provides a multi-professional perspective, with contributors from specialists in their fields
  • Each chapter addresses the subject from a holistic perspective that includes ethical, legal and psychosocial aspects as well as the physical

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • List of contributors
  • Acknowledgements
  •     List of Tables
  •     List of Illustrations
  • 1.  Introduction
  •     Contextualizing the newborn infant examination
  •     When is the NIPE performed?
  •     References
  • 2.  The practical examination of the newborn
  •     When should the newborn infant physical examination be carried out?
  •     Practical examination of the newborn
  •     Key points
  •     References
  •     Websites
  • 3.  From gametes to fetus: A chronology of embryo development
  •     Introduction
  •     Overview of genes, chromosomes and inheritance
  •     Fertilization, zygote formation and embryo development
  •     From fertilization to implantation (1–6 days post-fertilization)
  •     The embryo during and after implantation (14–21 days post-fertilization)
  •     Morphogenesis (2–8 weeks after fertilization)
  •     Summary
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 4.  Antenatal screening and testing: The significance for the health of the newborn
  •     Introduction
  •     Infectious diseases screening
  •     Screening for sickle cell and thalassaemia
  •     Screening for fetal chromosome abnormalities
  •     Fetal anomaly screening: Ultrasound scans
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  •     Useful websites
  • 5.  Influences on the health of the newborn, before and during pregnancy
  •     Epigenetics
  •     The significance of history-taking
  •     Preconception care
  •     Factors that may influence fetal health
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 6.  Maternal and newborn transition: Adjustment to extrauterine life
  •     Introduction
  •     An integrated approach: The mother–baby dyad
  •     Neonatal energy triangle
  •     Cardiorespiratory transition
  •     Metabolic transition
  •     Hypothermia
  •     The microbiome
  •     Skin-to-skin care/contact
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 7.  Resuscitation of the newborn baby
  •     Apgar score
  •     Physiology
  •     Preparing ourselves
  •     Preparing the environment
  •     Preparing the parents
  •     Resuscitation
  •     Communication
  •     Record-keeping
  •     Complex cases
  •     Unexpected responses
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 8.  Neurological, behavioural and growth assessment of the newborn
  •     Gathering of history and antenatal and intrapartum events
  •     Behavioural observational assessment
  •     Central and peripheral nervous systems and cranial nerves
  •     Reflexes
  •     6- to 8-week follow-up assessment
  •     Gestational age assessment
  •     Growth charts (centile charts)
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 9.  Congenital cardiac anomalies in the newborn: Causes, effects and treatment
  •     Introduction
  •     Prevalence
  •     Causes of congenital heart disease
  •     Diagnosing congenital heart disease
  •     Treatment of congenital heart disease
  •     Common congenital heart disease defects (CHD)
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 10.  The newborn eye: Visual function and screening for ocular disorders
  •     Introduction
  •     The newborn eye: Anatomy and physiology
  •     The newborn eye: Visual acuity and visual function
  •     The newborn eye: Investigative techniques
  •     Ocular disorders: Leukocoria
  •     Ocular disorders: Nasal lacrimal duct obstruction
  •     Ocular disorders: Infantile glaucoma
  •     Ocular disorders: Conjunctivitis
  •     Summary
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 11.  Congenital abnormality: Screening, diagnosis and communication
  •     The power of language
  •     Incidence and classification
  •     Pregnancy and screening
  •     Antenatal diagnosis
  •     Termination of pregnancy
  •     Communication in the antenatal period
  •     Supporting autonomous decision-making and the role of nondirectiveness
  •     Postnatal communication
  •     What do parents want from health professionals?
  •     Conditions the practitioner may encounter
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 12.  Neonatal jaundice: Implications for newborn health
  •     Introduction
  •     The physiology and biology of bilirubin in humans
  •     Jaundice in the newborn
  •     Role of the midwife
  •     The assessment of jaundice
  •     Specific diagnoses
  •     Management of physiological jaundice
  •     Complications of significant unconjugated jaundice
  •     Prolonged jaundice
  •     Follow-up
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 13.  Neonatal skincare and cord care: Implications for practice
  •     Introduction
  •     Skin structure
  •     Skincare
  •     Cord care
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  • 14.  Newborn screening and immunization
  •     Blood spot screening (newborn metabolic screening)
  •     Guidelines for practice
  •     Current tests in the UK and other countries
  •     Hearing screening
  •     Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)
  •     Testes
  •     Immunization
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  •     Support groups and useful websites
  • 15.  Helping parents make decisions
  •     Introduction
  •     Decision-making
  •     Translating theory into practice
  •     Case studies
  •     Conclusion
  •     Key points
  •     References
  •     Vitamin K in the newborn (case study 1)
  •     Tongue-tie (case study 2)
  •     Infant feeding (case study 3)
  •     Safe sleep (case study 4)
  •     Smoking in pregnancy (case study 5)
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: September 16, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702079412
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702049552

About the Authors

Lorna Davies

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer in Midwifery, Christchurch Polytechnic and Institute of Technology, New Zealand.

Sharon McDonald

Affiliations and Expertise

Director of CPD & PG Portfolio, Senior Lecturer in Midwifery, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK

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