Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems

Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems

2nd Edition - September 5, 2012

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  • Authors: Paul Selden, John Nudds
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046375

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Description

The first edition of Evolution of Fossil Ecosystems was widely praised for its coverage and approach in describing and illustrating 14 well-known fossil sites from around the world. The authors have now updated the text and added 6 new chapters with many new color illustrations. Following a general introduction to fossil Lagerstätten, each chapter deals with a single site and follows the same format: its evolutionary position and significance; its background sedimentology, stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment; a description of the biota and palaeoecology; a comparison with other similar Lagerstätten; and a list of relevant museums and suggestions for visiting the sites. This study of exceptionally well-preserved fossil sites from different periods in geological time provides a picture of the evolution of ecosystems through the ages.

Key Features

  • Covers several sites that are not listed in other Lagerstatten books making this the most comprehensive book on the topic;
  • Beautifully illustrated throughout with more than 450 color photographs and diagrams;
  • Provides value to a wide range of students and professionals in palaeontology and related sciences.

Readership

Highly cross-disciplinary and has appeal for UG/grad students and professionals in palaeontology / palaeobiology, evolution, sedimentology, stratigraphy, earth sciences, biological sciences and environmental sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Acknowledgements

    Photography and Illustrations

    Abbreviations

    Foreword

    Introduction

    Chapter One. Ediacara

    Background: First Life on Earth

    History of Discovery of the Ediacara Biota

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Ediacara Biota

    Description of the Ediacara Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Ediacara Biota

    Comparison of Ediacara With Other Late Precambrian Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Two. The Burgess Shale

    Background: The Cambrian Explosion

    History of Discovery of the Burgess Shale

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Burgess Shale

    Description of the Burgess Shale Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Burgess Shale Biota

    Comparison of the Burgess Shale With Other Cambrian Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Three. Chengjiang

    Background: Burgess Shale-Type Biotas in the Early Cambrian

    History of Discovery of the Chengjiang Biota

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Chengjiang Biota

    Description of the Chengjiang Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Chengjiang Biota

    Comparison of Chengjiang With Other Lower Cambrian Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Four. The Soom Shale

    Background: Early Palaeozoic Lagerstätten

    History of Discovery of the Soom Shale

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Soom Shale

    Description of the Soom Shale Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Soom Shale Biota

    Comparison of the Soom Shale with Other Lower Palaeozoic Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Five. The Herefordshire Nodules

    Background: The Silurian Period

    History of Discovery of the Herefordshire Nodules

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Herefordshire Nodules

    Description of the Herefordshire Nodules Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Herefordshire Nodules Biota

    Comparison of the Herefordshire Nodules with Other Mid-Palaeozoic Lagerstätten

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Six. The Hunsrück Slate

    Background: The Rise of the Vertebrates and the Age of Fishes

    History of Discovery and Exploitation of the Hunsrück Slate

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Hunsrück Slate

    Description of the Hunsrück Slate Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Hunsrück Slate Biota

    Comparison of the Hünsruck Slate With Other Devonian Fish Beds

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Seven. The Rhynie Chert

    Background: Colonization of the Land

    History of Discovery of the Rhynie Chert

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Rhynie Chert

    Description of the Rhynie Chert Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Rhynie Chert Biota

    Comparison of the Rhynie Chert With Other Early Terrestrial Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Eight. Mazon Creek

    Background: The Coal Measures

    History of Discovery of the Mazon Creek Fossils

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of Mazon Creek

    Description of the Mazon Creek Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Mazon Creek Biota

    Comparison of Mazon Creek With Other Upper Palaeozoic Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Nine. Karoo

    Background: The Karoo Supergroup

    History of Discovery of The Karoo Fossils

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Karoo Biota

    Description of the Karoo Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Karoo Biota

    Comparison of the Karoo with other Permo-Triassic Lagerstätte

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Ten. Grès À Voltzia

    Background: The Permo-Triassic Transition

    History of Discovery of the Grès À Voltzia Fossils

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy Of Grès À Voltzia

    Description of the Grès À Voltzia Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Grès À Voltzia Biota

    Comparison of Grès À Voltzia With Other Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Eleven. The Holzmaden Shale

    Background: The Mesozoic Marine Revolution

    History of Discovery and Exploitation of The Holzmaden Shale

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of The Holzmaden Shale

    Description of The Holzmaden Shale Biota

    Palaeoecology of The Holzmaden Shale Biota

    Comparison of The Holzmaden Shale with Other Jurassic Marine Sites

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Twelve. The Morrison Formation

    Background: Terrestrial Life in The Mid-Mesozoic

    History of Discovery of The Morrison Formation

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of The Morrison Formation

    Description of The Morrison Formation Biota

    Palaeoecology of The Morrison Formation Biota

    Comparison of The Morrison Formation with Other Dinosaur Sites

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Thirteen. The Solnhofen Limestone

    Background: Mesozoic Lithographic Limestones (Plattenkalks)

    History of Discovery and Exploitation of the Solnhofen Limestone

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Solnhofen Limestone

    Description of the Solnhofen Limestone Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Solnhofen Limestone Biota

    Comparison of the Solnhofen Limestone With Other Mesozoic Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Fourteen. The Jehol Group

    Background: The Emergence of Feathered Dinosaurs, Birds, and Flowering Plants

    History of Discovery of the Jeholgroup

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Jehol Group

    Description of the Jehol Group Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Jehol Group Biota

    Comparison of the Jehol Group With Other Feathered Dinosaur Sites

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Fifteen. El Montsec and Las Hoyas

    Background: Europe In the Early Cretaceous

    History of Discovery of El Montsec and Las Hoyas

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of El Montsec and Las Hoyas

    Description of the El Montsec and Las Hoyas Biota

    Palaeoecology of El Montsec and Las Hoyas Biota

    Comparison of El Montsec and Las Hoyas With Other Lower Cretaceous Lake Localities

    Museum and Site Visits

    Chapter Sixteen. The Santana and Crato Formations

    Background: The Break-Up of the Pangaea Supercontinent

    History of Discovery of the Santana and Crato Formations

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Santana and Crato Formations

    Description of the Santana and Crato Formations Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Santana and Crato Formations Biota

    Comparison of the Santana and Crato Formations With Other Cretaceous Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Seventeen. Grube Messel

    Background: The Cenozoic Era

    History of Discovery of the Grube Messel

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Grube Messel

    Description of the Grube Messel Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Grube Messel Biota

    Comparison of Grube Messel With Other Tertiary Biotas

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Eighteen. The White River Group

    Background: Tertiary Mammals

    History of Discovery of the White River Group

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the White River Group

    Description of the White River Group Biota

    Palaeoecology of the White River Group Biota

    Comparison of the White River Group With Other North American Tertiary Mammal Sites

    Museums And Site Visits

    Chapter Nineteen. Baltic Amber

    Background: Forest Life in the Cenozoic Era

    History of Discovery of Baltic Amber

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of Baltic Amber

    Description of the Baltic Amber Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Baltic Amber Biota

    Comparison of Baltic Amber with other Ambers

    Museums and Site Visits

    Chapter Twenty. Rancho La Brea

    Background: The Pleistocene in North America

    History of Discovery and Exploitation of Rancho La Brea

    Stratigraphic Setting and Taphonomy of the Rancho La Brea Biota

    Description of the Rancho La Brea Biota

    Palaeoecology of the Rancho La Brea Biota

    Comparison of Rancho La Brea With Other Pleistocene Sites

    Museums and Site Visits

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: September 5, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046375

About the Authors

Paul Selden

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Professor of Invertebrate Palaeontology and Director, Palaeontological Institute, University of Kansas, USA

John Nudds

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in Palaeontology, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Studies, University of Manchester, UK

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