Environmental Biotechnology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780124077768, 9780124078970

Environmental Biotechnology

2nd Edition

A Biosystems Approach

Authors: Daniel Vallero
eBook ISBN: 9780124078970
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124077768
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 6th October 2015
Page Count: 746
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Environmental Biotechnology: A Biosystems Approach, Second Edition presents valuable information on how biotechnology has acted as a vital buffer among people, pollution, and the environment. It answers the most important questions on the topic, including how, and why, a knowledge and understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological principles of the environment must be achieved in order to develop biotechnology applications.

Most texts address either the applications or the implications of biotechnology. This book addresses both. The applications include biological treatment and other environmental engineering processes. The risks posed by biotechnologies are evaluated from both evidence-based and precautionary perspectives. Using a systems biology approach, the book provides a context for researchers and practitioners in environmental science that complements guidebooks on the necessary specifications and criteria for a wide range of environmental designs and applications. Users will find crucial information on the topics scientific researchers must evaluate in order to develop further technologies.

Key Features

  • Provides a systems approach to biotechnologies which includes the physical, biological, and chemical processes in context
  • Presents relevant case studies on cutting-edge technologies, such as nanobiotechnologies and green engineering
  • Addresses both the applications and implications of biotechnologies by following the lifecycle of a variety of established and developing biotechnologies
  • Includes crucial information on the topics scientific researchers must evaluate in order to develop further technologies


researchers in environmental biology, nanotechnology, systems biology and microbiology; environmental engineers; scientists at engineering and remediation companies and public organizations; practitioners in applied biology; graduate and postdoctoral students in these areas of science

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Environmental Biotechnology: An Overview
    • Emergence and Biochemodynamics
    • Assessing Biotechnological Impacts
    • Biotechnology and Bioengineering
    • Environmental Biotechnology as a Discipline
    • Biotechnology and Society
    • Risks and Reliability of New Biotechnologies
    • Beyond Biotechnological Applications
    • The Science of Environmental Biotechnology
    • Boxes and Envelopes: Pushing the Boundaries, Containing the Risks
    • Responsible Bioengineering
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 2. A Question of Balance: Using versus Abusing Biological Systems
    • Lessons from Environmental Systems
    • Environmental Biomimicry
    • Engineered Systems Inspired by Biology
    • Environmental Microbiology
    • Environmental Biochemodynamics
    • Biophile Cycling
    • Carbon Biogeochemistry
    • Nitrogen and Sulfur Biochemodynamics
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 3. Environmental Biochemodynamic Processes
    • Cellular Thermodynamics
    • Thermodynamics in Abiotic and Biotic Systems
    • Biochemodynamic Transport
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 4. Systems
    • GWAS Meet EWAS
    • Biotechnological Systems
    • Putting Biology to Work
    • Transforming Data into Information: Indices
    • Transforming Data into Information: Translational Science
    • Concentration-Based Mass Balance Modeling
    • Fugacity, Z Values, and Henry's Law
    • Fugacity-Based Mass Balance Modeling
    • Biology Meets Chemistry
    • Importance of Scale in Biosystems
    • Systems Synergies: Biotechnological Analysis
    • Using Bioindicators
    • Biosensors
    • Relationship between Green Engineering and Biotechnology
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 5. Environmental Risks of Biotechnologies
    • Estimating Biotechnological Risks
    • Exposure Estimation
    • Direct Bioengineering Risk Calculations
    • Risk-Based Cleanup Standards
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 6. Reducing Biotechnological Risks
    • Risk Quotient Method and Levels of Concern
    • Chemical Indicators of Biological Agents
    • Risk and Causality
    • Failure: Human Factors Engineering
    • Bioterrorism: Bad Biotechnology
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 7. Applied Ecology
    • Bioremediation
    • Ready Biodegradability Testing
    • Systematic View of Oxygen
    • Applied Thermodynamics
    • Biodegradation and Bioremediation
    • Biochemodynamics of Bioremediation
    • Off-Site Treatment
    • Digestion
    • Biosorption
    • Aerobic Biodegradation
    • Trickling Filter
    • Activated Sludge
    • Aeration Ponds and Lagoons
    • Treatment Optimization
    • Anaerobic Biodegradation
    • Multimedia-Multiphase Bioremediation
    • Phytoremediation
    • Biomarkers
    • Genetic Engineering Basics
    • Conventional Breeding Approaches
    • Modification of Organisms without Introducing Foreign DNA
    • Modification of Organisms by Introducing Foreign DNA
    • Environmental Aspects of Cisgenic and Transgenic Organisms
    • Bioengineering Considerations for Genetically Modified Organisms
    • Wastewater Treatment Overview
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 8. Biotechnological Implications: A Systems Approach
    • Environmental Harm with Pursuing Other Social Objectives
    • Systematic View of Biotechnological Risks
    • Predicting Environmental Implications
    • Environmental Implications of Engineering Organisms
    • Cheminformatics and Molecular Structure
    • Interpolation Space and Descriptor Selection
    • Risks Posed by Foreign DNA in Plants
    • Mutagenicity and Cancer
    • Biochemodynamic Flow of Modified Genetic Material
    • Modeling Biological Agent Transport: Examples
    • Risk Recommendations
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 9. Environmental Risks of Biotechnologies: Economic Sector Perspectives
    • Industrial Biotechnology
    • Production of Enzymes
    • Medical Biotechnology
    • Animal Biotechnology
    • Agricultural Biotechnology
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 10. Addressing Biotechnological Pollutants
    • Cleaning Up Biotechnological Operations
    • Intervention at the Source of Contamination
    • Intervention at the Point of Release
    • Intervention during Transport
    • Intervention to Control the Exposure
    • Intervention at the Point of Response
    • Sampling and Analysis
    • Sources of Uncertainty
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 11. Nanotechnology and Emerging Sciences
    • Biotechnology at the Nanoscale
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 12. Mechanisms and Outcomes
    • Biological Activity
    • Exogenous AOPs
    • Biotechnology Implications
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 13. Analyzing the Environmental Implications of Emerging Technologies
    • Predicting and Managing Outcomes
    • Revisiting Failure and Blame
    • Applying Knowledge and Gaining Wisdom
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Science as a Social Enterprise
    • Environmental Accountability
    • Life Cycle as an Analytical Methodology
    • Life Cycle Applications
    • Utility and the Benefit–Cost Analysis
    • Predicting Environmental Damage
    • Review Questions
  • Chapter 14. Responsible Management of Biotechnologies
    • Bioengineering Perspectives
    • Codes of Conduct
    • Ethics and Decisions in Environmental Biotechnology
    • Unintended Consequences
    • Systematic Biotechnology and the Status Quo
    • A Few Words about Environmental Ethics
    • Biotechnology Decision Tools
    • Characterizing Success and Failure
    • Green Engineering and Biotechnology
    • Bioengineering Safety
    • Reliability of Biotechnologies
    • Applying Reliability Engineering to Biotechnological Systems
  • Appendix 1. Background Information on Environmental Impact Statements
  • Appendix 2. Cancer Potency Factors
  • Appendix 3. Verification Method for Rapid Polymerase Chain Reaction Systems to Detect Biological Agents
  • Appendix 4. Summary of Persistent and Toxic Organic Compounds in North America, Identified by the United Nations as Highest Priorities for Regional Actions
  • Appendix 5. Sample Retrieval from ECOTOX Database for Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Exposed to DDT and its Metabolites in Freshwater
  • Glossary
  • Index


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About the Author

Daniel Vallero

Daniel Vallero

Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized expert in environmental science and engineering. His four decades of research, teaching and professional experience in hazardous waste engineering and management have addressed a wide range of human health risk and ecological issues, from global climate change to the release of hazardous wastes. His research has advanced the state-of-the-science of air and water pollution measurement, models of potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products, and environmental impact assessments. He established the Engineering Ethics program and is a key collaborator in the Responsible Conduct of Research Program at Duke University. These programs introduce students, from first-year through PhD, to the complex relationships between science, technology and societal demands on the engineer. The lessons learned from the cases in this book are a fundamental part of Duke’s preparation of its future engineers to address the ethical dilemmas likely to be encountered during the careers of the next generation engineers. Dr. Vallero received a bachelor’s degree from Southern Illinois University, a Master of Science in City & Regional Planning from SIU, a Masters in Civil & Environmental Engineering (Environmental Health Sciences) from the University of Kansas, and a PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Duke.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

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