Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology

Methods and Applications

1st Edition - October 31, 2017
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editor: Jennifer Horney
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128093184
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128095072

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Description

Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product.  Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and  Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course.

Key Features

  • Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches
  • Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems
  • Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Readership

Students and researchers at Schools of Public Health; local, regional, state, and federal public health practitioners (epidemiology, laboratory, public health preparedness) and those working in global health and international disaster response (e.g. agencies such as CARE, Child Health, CRDF Global)

Table of Contents

  • An Introduction to Disaster Epidemiology
      Josephine Malilay and Jennifer A. Horney
    1. History of Disaster Epidemiology: 1960-2015
      Jennifer A. Horney
    2. Methods: Surveillance
      Kahler Stone
    Vignettes: Veterans Health Affairs, Veterans, and Disasters
      Tiffany Radcliff, Aram Dobalian and Karen Chu
    3. Applications: Informatics: Using Information Systems to Improve Surveillance During Disasters
      Laura Edison, Karl Soetebier and Hope Dishman
    4. Applications: Shelter Surveillance
      Rebecca Jean Heick
    Post-Disaster Carbon Monoxide Surveillance
      Kanta Sircar and Dorothty Stearns
    5. Applications: Mortality Surveillance
      Rebecca S. Noe
    6. Study Designs in Disaster Epidemiology
      Latasha Allen and Jennifer A. Horney
    7. Applications: CASPER
      Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Tesfaye Mekonnen Bayleyegn
    Applications: ACE
      Maureen F. Orr and Mary Anne Duncan
    Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Geothermal Gas Vents
      Svetlana Smorodinsky, Tracy Barreau and Jason Wilken
    Vignettes from Recent Responses: California Drought
      Jason Wilken, Svetlana Smorodinsky and Tracy Barreau
    8. Methods: Questionnaire Development and Interviewing Techniques
      Amy Helene Schnall, Amy Wolkin and Nicole Nakata
    Vignettes from Recent Responses: Foodborne
      Marilyn Felkner, Venessa Cantu and Kevin Mcclaran
    9. Applications: Social Vulnerablity to Disaster (Hampton and Hertford Counties - Isabel)
      Danielle Spurlock
    10. Applications: Responder Safety
      Renee Funk
    Vignettes from Recent Responses: Pregnant Women and Ebola
      Jonetta Johnson Mpofu and Michelle Dynes
    11. Methods: Data Analysis
      Ashley Conley
    12. Applications: Bioterrorism, Biodefense, and Biotechnology
      Koya Allen
    Vignettes: Natural Disasters and Climate Change
      Joel Casey Dietrich
    Vignettes: Impacts on People with Pre-existing Chronic Medical Conditions
      Pamela Allweiss
    13. Applications: Disaster Communication and Community Engagement
      Jennifer C. Beggs
    Vignette from Recent Responses: Roseburg Oregon Mass Shooting
      Akiko M. Saito
    14. Discussion and Conclusion - What Disaster Epidemiology Can Contribute to Resilient Communities
      Jennifer A. Horney
    Appendix: Resources from Disaster Libraries
      Suzanne Shurtz Clark

Product details

  • No. of pages: 212
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: October 31, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128093184
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128095072

About the Editor

Jennifer Horney

Jennifer A. Horney, PhD, MPH is an associate professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Texas A&M University School of Public Health, a faculty fellow of the Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center at the Texas A&M College of Architecture, and the public health and environment lead of the Institute for Sustainable Communities, part of the University’s Environmental Grand Challenge. At Texas A&M, Dr. Horney’s research focuses on measuring the health impacts of disasters, as well as the linkages between disaster planning and household actions related to preparedness, response, and recovery. Dr. Horney received her PhD and MPH from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where her research focused on the role of social factors in decision making during disasters. She serves as a member of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ State and Territorial Epidemiologists’ Disaster Epidemiology Community of Practice and was a member of a team of public health practitioners who responded to Hurricanes Isabel, Charley, Katrina, Wilma, and Irene, where she conducted rapid assessments of disaster impact on the public health of individuals and communities. She has also provided technical assistance to public health agencies globally around disasters, infectious disease outbreaks and pandemic influenza planning and response.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health, College Station, TX, USA

Latest reviews

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  • Ashley C. Thu Jan 25 2018

    Disaster Epidemiology

    The Disaster Epidemiology textbook is a giant leap forward for the field of Disaster Epidemiology. It is comprehensive and provides excelled case studies for students. I am excited to implement the use of this textbook into my courses next year!