Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

1st Edition - September 22, 2015

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Robert Shanks, Sarathchandran Chandrasekharakurup
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323394086
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323394543

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Description

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blend and Nanocomposite Systems offers readers an intelligent, thorough introduction to the design and applications of this new generation of designer polymers with customized properties. The book assembles and covers, in a unified way, the state-of-the-art developments of this less explored type of material. With a focus on nanostructured polymer blends, the book discusses the science of nanostructure formation and the potential performance benefits of nanostructured polymer blends and composites for applications across many sectors: electronics, coatings, adhesives, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace, automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers). The book also describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties.

Key Features

  • Covers all important information for designing and selecting the right nanostructured polymer system
  • Provides specialized knowledge on self-repairing, nanofibre and nanostructured multiphase materials, as well as evaluation and testing of nanostructured polymer systems
  • Serves as a reference guide for development of new products in industries ranging from electronics, coatings, and energy, to transport and medical applications
  • Describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties

Readership

Polymer engineers, product designers, researchers and materials scientists within universities, independent research organizations, and government and R&D/industry master, graduate, PhD and post-doc students of polymer science, materials science and nanotechnology

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Thermoset-Thermoplastic Nanostructured Blends

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Cure in Thermosetting
    • 1.3 Phase Separation
    • 1.4 Thermoset/Thermoplastic Blends Applications
    • 1.5 Summary

    Chapter 2: Thermoplastic-Thermoset Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Polymer Blends
    • 2.3 Thermoplastics/Thermosets Blends in a Thermoplastic Matrix
    • 2.4 Phase Separation
    • 2.5 Curing
    • 2.6 Preparation of Nanostructured Thermoplastic/Thermoset Blends
    • 2.7 Introduction of Nanoparticles
    • 2.8 Morphology Development
    • 2.9 Properties
    • 2.10 Conclusion and Recommendation

    Chapter 3: Liquid Crystalline Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Liquid Crystalline Mesophases
    • 3.3 Molecular Structures of Polymer Liquid Crystals
    • 3.4 Properties and Applications of Polymer Liquid Crystal Blends
    • 3.5 Characterization Methods
    • 3.6 Final Remarks

    Chapter 4: Thermoplastics Polymers Reinforced with Natural Fibers

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgment
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Natural Fibers
    • 4.3 Palm Fibers
    • 4.4 Effect of Modification on Mechanical Properties of Palm Fiber Composites

    Chapter 5: Aerogels and Foamed Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgment
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Foaming of Nanostructured Blend Systems
    • 5.3 Aerogel Polymer Blends
    • 5.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 6: Nanomembrane Materials Based on Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction to Nanomembrane Materials
    • 6.2 Current State of the Art on Polymeric Nanomembranes
    • 6.3 Concept of Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
    • 6.4 Development of Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
    • 6.5 A Nano-Blend with the Nano-Phase Removed for Controlled Porosity
    • 6.6 Methods of Controlling the Pore Shape, Porosity and Size of Nanoporous Polymer Materials
    • 6.7 Recent Progress in Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
    • 6.8 Summary

    Chapter 7: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers

    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Functional Polymer
    • 7.3 Encapsulation of Polymeric Nanoparticles
    • 7.4 Application
    • 7.5 Future Directions
    • 7.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers: Encapsulated Phase Change Materials

    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Classification of PCMs
    • 8.3 Encapsulation of PCMs
    • 8.4 Nanoparticle-Enhanced PCM and Nano-Encapsulated PCM
    • 8.5 Literature Review
    • 8.6 Summary

    Chapter 9: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers: Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Treatment of Cancer Cells

    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 NPs for Treatment of Cancer
    • 9.3 Nanostructures for Anticancer Therapeutics: Future Tendencies
    • 9.4 Conclusions and Future Directions

    Chapter 10: Carbon Containing Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Different Categories of Carbon Nanostructure
    • 10.3 CNT and Graphene Reinforced Polymer Composite
    • 10.4 Graphenated CNTs
    • 10.5 Current Applications of CNTs and Graphene
    • 10.6 Conclusion
    • 10.7 Recommendation

    Chapter 11: Immiscible Polymer Blends Stabilized with Nanophase

    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Various Classifications of Polymeric Nanomaterials
    • 11.3 Wetting Parameters; Effect on Particle Localization
    • 11.4 Influence of Dynamic Processes on Ternary Nanocomposite Morphology
    • 11.5 Compatiblizing Effect of Nanoparticles
    • 11.6 Effect of Nanostructured Materials Nature on Phase Stability
    • 11.7 Current Issues in Nanostructured Stabilized Polymer Blends
    • 11.8 Conclusion

    Chapter 12: Nanostructured Polymer Blends for Gas/Vapor Barrier and Dielectric Applications

    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Gas Barrier Property
    • 12.3 Mechanisms of Barrier Improvement in Polymers
    • 12.4 Tortuous Path Model
    • 12.5 Types of Nanoparticles
    • 12.6 Nanocomposites
    • 12.7 Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 12.8 Polymers and Their Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 12.9 Gas and Oxygen Barrier Characteristics of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 12.10 Barrier Properties Against UV Radiation of Nanocomposite Fibers
    • 12.11 Dielectric Property of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 12.12 Future Trends: Predicting Nanotechnology Growth
    • 12.13 Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Their Nanobiocomposites With Cellulose Nanocrystals

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgments
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate) and Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate)
    • 13.3 Lignocellulosic Fibers
    • 13.4 Nanobiocomposites
    • 13.5 Effect of Nanocellulose on the Properties of PHA
    • 13.6 Application of PHBV/NCC Nanocomposites
    • 13.7 Summary

    Chapter 14: Crystallization and Morphological Changes in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Nucleation
    • 14.3 Blends of Crystallizable Matrix and Amorphous Dispersed Phase
    • 14.4 Confined Crystallization
    • 14.5 Polymorphic Change
    • 14.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 15: Phase Structures in Thin Films of Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgment
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Introduction to Polymer-Blend Thin Films
    • 15.3 Formation of Nanostructured Thin Films in Polymer Blends
    • 15.4 Surface Morphologies in Homopolymer-Blend Thin Films
    • 15.5 Self-Assembly of BCs in Thin Films
    • 15.6 Pattern Formation in Thin Films of BC/Homopolymer
    • 15.7 Thin Film Ordering in BC/BC Blends
    • 15.8 Applications of Thin Films of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 15.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: Mechanisms of Toughening in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • 16.1 Toughness
    • 16.2 Planes of Tests
    • 16.3 Toughening Mechanism of Materials
    • 16.4 Toughening of Polymers and Polymer Blends
    • 16.5 Toughening of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 16.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 17: Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Nanostructured Polymer Blends

    • Abstract
    • Acknowledgment
    • 17.1 Introduction
    • 17.2 Black Copolymers
    • 17.3 Amphilic Block Copolymer
    • 17.4 Hydrogen Bonds in Nanostructured Polymer Blends
    • 17.5 Superhydrophilicity
    • 17.6 Methods Used for Preparation of Superhydrophilic Surfaces
    • 17.7 Superhydrophobicity
    • 17.8 Methods Used for the Preparation of Superhydrophobic Surfaces
    • 17.9 Phase Structure and Surface Morphology
    • 17.10 Applications
    • 17.11 Conclusions

    Appendix

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 442
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2015
  • Published: September 22, 2015
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323394086
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323394543

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas, an outstanding Alumnus of IIT, Kharagpur, is one of India’s most renowned scientists in the area of Polymers. After completing his Ph.D. from IIT Kharagpur (1984-1987), he joined MG University as a Lecturer in 1997 and later became its Vice Chancellor. He has taken up a large number of visiting assignments abroad. Under his leadership, the University has been ranked 713th by TIMES, 30th in NIRF and the best University inKerala. He has supervised 120 Ph.D. students, authored 1,300 publications and edited 150 books earning him a H-index of 112 and 60,000 citations. He has received Honoris Causa degrees from Russia and France and obtained grants amounting to Rs. 30 crores for research funding from India and abroad. He has been ranked 114th in the list of the world’s best scientists and 2nd in India by the Stanford University Ranking in Polymers. He was elected as a Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences. Considering his excellent contributions in teaching, research and administration, Prof. Thomas is the best candidate for the outstanding Alumnus award of IIT KGP.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi University, and Director of the School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Robert Shanks

Affiliations and Expertise

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Sarathchandran Chandrasekharakurup

Dr. Sarath Chandran is currently involved with the various projects of Inter University Centre for Organic Farming (IUCOFSA) which involve (a) Synthesis of biogas, biofuel and bio fertilizer using water hyacinth- funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India, a study on the Use of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for the detection, estimation and removal of pesticides from farmland- Project funded by Kerala State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST) and a study on Converting abandoned wetland as productive land: a “live laboratory” model for sustainable agriculture- project funded by the Government of Kerala.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India, School of Sciences, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria and International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

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