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Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780323394086, 9780323394543

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

1st Edition

Editors: Sabu Thomas Robert Shanks Sarath Chandran
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323394086
eBook ISBN: 9780323394543
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 23rd September 2015
Page Count: 442
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Thermoset-Thermoplastic Nanostructured Blends

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Cure in Thermosetting
  • 1.3 Phase Separation
  • 1.4 Thermoset/Thermoplastic Blends Applications
  • 1.5 Summary

Chapter 2: Thermoplastic-Thermoset Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Polymer Blends
  • 2.3 Thermoplastics/Thermosets Blends in a Thermoplastic Matrix
  • 2.4 Phase Separation
  • 2.5 Curing
  • 2.6 Preparation of Nanostructured Thermoplastic/Thermoset Blends
  • 2.7 Introduction of Nanoparticles
  • 2.8 Morphology Development
  • 2.9 Properties
  • 2.10 Conclusion and Recommendation

Chapter 3: Liquid Crystalline Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Liquid Crystalline Mesophases
  • 3.3 Molecular Structures of Polymer Liquid Crystals
  • 3.4 Properties and Applications of Polymer Liquid Crystal Blends
  • 3.5 Characterization Methods
  • 3.6 Final Remarks

Chapter 4: Thermoplastics Polymers Reinforced with Natural Fibers

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Natural Fibers
  • 4.3 Palm Fibers
  • 4.4 Effect of Modification on Mechanical Properties of Palm Fiber Composites

Chapter 5: Aerogels and Foamed Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Foaming of Nanostructured Blend Systems
  • 5.3 Aerogel Polymer Blends
  • 5.4 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Nanomembrane Materials Based on Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction to Nanomembrane Materials
  • 6.2 Current State of the Art on Polymeric Nanomembranes
  • 6.3 Concept of Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
  • 6.4 Development of Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
  • 6.5 A Nano-Blend with the Nano-Phase Removed for Controlled Porosity
  • 6.6 Methods of Controlling the Pore Shape, Porosity and Size of Nanoporous Polymer Materials
  • 6.7 Recent Progress in Mixed-Matrix Nanomembranes
  • 6.8 Summary

Chapter 7: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers

  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Functional Polymer
  • 7.3 Encapsulation of Polymeric Nanoparticles
  • 7.4 Application
  • 7.5 Future Directions
  • 7.6 Conclusions

Chapter 8: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers: Encapsulated Phase Change Materials

  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Classification of PCMs
  • 8.3 Encapsulation of PCMs
  • 8.4 Nanoparticle-Enhanced PCM and Nano-Encapsulated PCM
  • 8.5 Literature Review
  • 8.6 Summary

Chapter 9: Polymers with Nano-Encapsulated Functional Polymers: Encapsulated Nanoparticles for Treatment of Cancer Cells

  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 NPs for Treatment of Cancer
  • 9.3 Nanostructures for Anticancer Therapeutics: Future Tendencies
  • 9.4 Conclusions and Future Directions

Chapter 10: Carbon Containing Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Different Categories of Carbon Nanostructure
  • 10.3 CNT and Graphene Reinforced Polymer Composite
  • 10.4 Graphenated CNTs
  • 10.5 Current Applications of CNTs and Graphene
  • 10.6 Conclusion
  • 10.7 Recommendation

Chapter 11: Immiscible Polymer Blends Stabilized with Nanophase

  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Various Classifications of Polymeric Nanomaterials
  • 11.3 Wetting Parameters; Effect on Particle Localization
  • 11.4 Influence of Dynamic Processes on Ternary Nanocomposite Morphology
  • 11.5 Compatiblizing Effect of Nanoparticles
  • 11.6 Effect of Nanostructured Materials Nature on Phase Stability
  • 11.7 Current Issues in Nanostructured Stabilized Polymer Blends
  • 11.8 Conclusion

Chapter 12: Nanostructured Polymer Blends for Gas/Vapor Barrier and Dielectric Applications

  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Gas Barrier Property
  • 12.3 Mechanisms of Barrier Improvement in Polymers
  • 12.4 Tortuous Path Model
  • 12.5 Types of Nanoparticles
  • 12.6 Nanocomposites
  • 12.7 Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 12.8 Polymers and Their Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 12.9 Gas and Oxygen Barrier Characteristics of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 12.10 Barrier Properties Against UV Radiation of Nanocomposite Fibers
  • 12.11 Dielectric Property of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 12.12 Future Trends: Predicting Nanotechnology Growth
  • 12.13 Conclusions

Chapter 13: Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Their Nanobiocomposites With Cellulose Nanocrystals

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate) and Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate)
  • 13.3 Lignocellulosic Fibers
  • 13.4 Nanobiocomposites
  • 13.5 Effect of Nanocellulose on the Properties of PHA
  • 13.6 Application of PHBV/NCC Nanocomposites
  • 13.7 Summary

Chapter 14: Crystallization and Morphological Changes in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Nucleation
  • 14.3 Blends of Crystallizable Matrix and Amorphous Dispersed Phase
  • 14.4 Confined Crystallization
  • 14.5 Polymorphic Change
  • 14.6 Conclusion

Chapter 15: Phase Structures in Thin Films of Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Introduction to Polymer-Blend Thin Films
  • 15.3 Formation of Nanostructured Thin Films in Polymer Blends
  • 15.4 Surface Morphologies in Homopolymer-Blend Thin Films
  • 15.5 Self-Assembly of BCs in Thin Films
  • 15.6 Pattern Formation in Thin Films of BC/Homopolymer
  • 15.7 Thin Film Ordering in BC/BC Blends
  • 15.8 Applications of Thin Films of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 15.9 Conclusions

Chapter 16: Mechanisms of Toughening in Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Toughness
  • 16.2 Planes of Tests
  • 16.3 Toughening Mechanism of Materials
  • 16.4 Toughening of Polymers and Polymer Blends
  • 16.5 Toughening of Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 16.6 Conclusions

Chapter 17: Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Nanostructured Polymer Blends

  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Black Copolymers
  • 17.3 Amphilic Block Copolymer
  • 17.4 Hydrogen Bonds in Nanostructured Polymer Blends
  • 17.5 Superhydrophilicity
  • 17.6 Methods Used for Preparation of Superhydrophilic Surfaces
  • 17.7 Superhydrophobicity
  • 17.8 Methods Used for the Preparation of Superhydrophobic Surfaces
  • 17.9 Phase Structure and Surface Morphology
  • 17.10 Applications
  • 17.11 Conclusions




Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blend and Nanocomposite Systems offers readers an intelligent, thorough introduction to the design and applications of this new generation of designer polymers with customized properties. The book assembles and covers, in a unified way, the state-of-the-art developments of this less explored type of material.

With a focus on nanostructured polymer blends, the book discusses the science of nanostructure formation and the potential performance benefits of nanostructured polymer blends and composites for applications across many sectors: electronics, coatings, adhesives, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace, automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers). The book also describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties.

Key Features

  • Covers all important information for designing and selecting the right nanostructured polymer system
  • Provides specialized knowledge on self-repairing, nanofibre and nanostructured multiphase materials, as well as evaluation and testing of nanostructured polymer systems
  • Serves as a reference guide for development of new products in industries ranging from electronics, coatings, and energy, to transport and medical applications
  • Describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties


Polymer engineers, product designers, researchers and materials scientists within universities, independent research organizations, and government and R&D/industry master, graduate, PhD and post-doc students of polymer science, materials science and nanotechnology


No. of pages:
© William Andrew 2016
23rd September 2015
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"...a very good summary of the present state of the art and gives the reader the information necessary to dig deeper into each topic…recommended for those who want to learn about how others are blending polymers for the specific topics listed." --IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas did his Ph. D in Polymer Science and Engineering (1987) at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. Prof. Thomas is an outstanding leader with sustained international acclaims for his work in Nanoscience, Polymer Science and Engineering, Polymer Nanocomposites, Elastomers, Polymer Blends, Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, Polymer Membranes, Green Composites, Nanomedicine and Green Nanotechnology. Dr. Thomas’s ground-breaking inventions in polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, bionanotechnological and nano-biomedical sciences, have made transformative differences in the development of new materials for the automotive, space, housing and biomedical fields. Professor Thomas has received a number of national and international awards which include: Fellowship of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London FRSC, Distinguished Professorship from Josef Stefan Institute, Slovenia, MRSI medal, Nano Tech Medal, CRSI medal, Distinguished Faculty Award, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Award for Scientific Excellence – 2016, Mahatma Gandhi University- Award for Outstanding Contribution –Nov. 2016, Lifetime Achievement Award of the Malaysian Polymer Group, Indian Nano Biologists award 2017 and Sukumar Maithy Award for the best polymer researcher in the country. He is included in the list of most productive researchers in India and holds a position of No.5. because of his outstanding contributions to the field of Nanoscience and Polymer Science and Engineering, Prof. Thomas has been conferred Honoris Causa (D.Sc) Doctorate by the University of South Brittany, Lorient, France and University of Lorraine, Nancy, France. Very recently, Prof. Thomas has been awarded the Senior Fulbright Fellowship to visit 20 Universities in the US and the most productive faculty award in the domain of Materials Science. He was also awarded with National Education Leadership Award – 2017 for Excellence in Education. Prof Thomas also won the 6th contest of "mega-grants" in the grant competition of the Government of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation) designed to support research projects implemented under the supervision of the world’s leading scientists. He has been honoured with the Faculty Research Award of India’s brightest minds in the field of academic research in May 2018. Professor Thomas has published more than 1000 peer-reviewed research papers, reviews and book chapters. He has co-edited 107 books published by Royal Society, Wiley, Woodhead, Elsevier, CRC Press, Springer, and Nova etc. He is the inventor of 16 patents. The H index of Prof. Thomas is 103 and has more than 50,000 citations. Prof. Thomas has delivered more than 300 Plenary/Inaugural and Invited lectures in national/international meetings in more than 30 countries.

Robert Shanks

Affiliations and Expertise

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Sarath Chandran

Dr. Sarath Chandran is currently involved with the various projects of Inter University Centre for Organic Farming (IUCOFSA) which involve (a) Synthesis of biogas, biofuel and bio fertilizer using water hyacinth- funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), India, a study on the Use of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for the detection, estimation and removal of pesticides from farmland- Project funded by Kerala State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST) and a study on Converting abandoned wetland as productive land: a “live laboratory” model for sustainable agriculture- project funded by the Government of Kerala.

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India, School of Sciences, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria and International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India