Critical Care Neurology Part II

Critical Care Neurology Part II

Neurology of Critical Illness

1st Edition - January 25, 2017

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  • Editors: Eelco Wijdicks, Andreas Kramer
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444635990
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128035627

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Description

Critical Care Neurology, Part II: Neurology of Critical Illness focuses on the care specialists and general neurologists that consult in the ICU and their work with patients in acute, life-threatening situations who are dealing with neurologic or neurosurgical crises emanating from either a preexisting neurologic syndrome or from a new neurologic complication appearing as a result of another medical or surgical critical illness. These two separate clinical situations form the pillars of neurocritical care, hence these practices are addressed via two separate, but closely related, HCN volumes. Chapters in both focus on pathophysiology and management, and are tailored for both general neurologists and active neurocritical specialists, with a specific focus on management over diagnostics. Part I addresses the principles of neurocritical care and the management of various neurologic diseases. Part II addresses the interplay between neurologic complications and the surgical, medical, cardiac, and trauma of critical illnesses that most typically present in the ICU.

Key Features

  • Provides an essential neurocritical care overview for general neurologists
  • Presents neurocritical care specialists with an update on severe neurological illness management
  • Offers coverage of all the most frequent neurologic diseases requiring intensive care
  • Includes chapters authored by global leaders in the field, providing the broadest, most expert coverage available on the topics discussed

Readership

Researchers, clinicians and advanced students in the fields of neurology, psychiatry, and clinical neuroscience

Table of Contents

  • Section 2: Neurologic complications of critical illness

    Chapter 24: The scope of neurology of critical illness

    • Abstract
    • Conclusion

    Chapter 25: Delirium in critically ill patients

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction

    Chapter 26: Posterior reversible encephalopathy in the intensive care unit

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Pathophysiology and neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Outcome prediction
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Neurorehabilitation
    • Conclusions

    Chapter 27: Acute neurotoxicology of drugs of abuse

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • MAJOR neurotoxicologic syndromes
    • Approach to the patient with an unknown ingestion
    • conclusion

    Chapter 28: Seizures in the critically ill

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Neurorehabilitation

    Chapter 29: Intensive care unit-acquired weakness

    • Abstract
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Risk factors for ICU weakness
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Neurorehabilitation

    Chapter 30: Neurologic complications of transplantation

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Treatment
    • Drug toxicity
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Outcome
    • Central pontine myelinolysis
    • Graft-versus-host disease
    • Idiopathic hyperammonemia
    • CNS infections
    • Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PLTD)
    • Guidelines

    Chapter 31: Neurologic complications of cardiac and vascular surgery

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Neurorehabilitation
    • Conclusion

    Chapter 32: Neurology of cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    • Abstract
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Neurorehabilitation

    Chapter 33: Therapeutic hypothermia protocols

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Neuropathology
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction

    Chapter 34: Neurologic complications of polytrauma

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Neurovascular
    • Altered mental status
    • Seizures and electroencephalography
    • Spinal complications
    • Neuromuscular

    Chapter 35: Neurologic complications in critically ill pregnant patients

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • Pregnancy-related clinical syndromes
    • Neurodiagnostics and imaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Neurorehabilitation

    Chapter 36: Neurologic complications of sepsis

    • Abstract
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation and neurodiagnostics
    • Hospital course and management

    Chapter 37: Neurologic complications of acute environmental injuries

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Injuries related to fire (Thermal burns and respiratory intoxication)
    • Injuries related to electricity (lightning and accidents with power lines)
    • Injuries related to water (nonfatal drowning and decompression illness)
    • Injuries related to extremes of temperature (heat stroke and accidental hypothermia)

    Chapter 38: Neurologic manifestations of major electrolyte abnormalities

    • Abstract
    • Physiologic regulation of sodium and osmolality
    • Pathophysiology and adaptive responses to sodium disturbances
    • Neurologic manifestations
    • Neurologic manifestations of disturbances of other ions

    Chapter 39: Management of neuro-oncologic emergencies

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Direct effects of cancer
    • Indirect complications of cancer to the nervous system
    • Iatrogenic neurologic emergencies
    • Conclusion

    Chapter 40: Management of neurologic complications of coagulopathies

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Neuropathology
    • Clinical presentation
    • diagnostics and Neuroimaging
    • Hospital course and management
    • Clinical trials and guidelines
    • Complex clinical decisions
    • Outcome prediction
    • Conclusion

    Chapter 41: Prognosis of neurologic complications in critical illness

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Prognosis of ICU-acquired encephalopathy
    • Prognosis of hepatic encephalopathy in acute liver failure
    • Prognosis of ICU-acquired uremic encephalopathy
    • Prognosis of ICU-acquired weakness
    • Prognosis of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
    • Prognosis of delirium in critically ill patients
    • Prognosis of coma after cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    • Prognosis of neurologic complications of liver transplantation
    • Ethical considerations

Product details

  • No. of pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: January 25, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444635990
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128035627

About the Series Volume Editors

Eelco Wijdicks

Eelco Wijdicks
Eelco F.M. Wijdicks MD is Professor of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Chair of the Division of Critical Care Neurology and attending in the Neurosciences Intensive Care Unit at Saint Marys Hospital (Mayo Clinic Rochester).He is the founding editor of the journal Neurocritical care, the official journal of the Neurocritical Care Society. He has single authored 12 books on Neurocritical Care and edited or co-authored 7 additional books all currently in print. He has over 750 research papers, topic reviews and editorials to his credit.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Chair, Division of Critical Care Neurology; Consultant, Neurosciences Intensive Care Unit, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Saint Marys Campus, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota

Andreas Kramer

Andreas Kramer
Dr. Kramer is a Clinical Associate Professor in the Departments of Critical Care Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Calgary. He is an academic critical care physician and neurocritical care consultant at the Foothills Medical Centre, and also serves as the Medical Director of the Southern Alberta Organ and Tissue Donation Program. He has a wide range of research interests in neurocritical care, especially pertaining to the prevention and treatment of secondary brain injury, increasing accuracy and transparency of neuroprognostication, and promoting excellence in practices related to organ and tissue donation. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of Neurocritical Care and Critical Care Medicine.

Affiliations and Expertise

Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

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