Concise Encyclopedia of the Structure of Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080451275, 9780080524634

Concise Encyclopedia of the Structure of Materials

1st Edition

Authors: J. W. Martin
eBook ISBN: 9780080524634
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 30th October 2006
Page Count: 512
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Description

This Concise Encyclopedia draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in the structure of metals, polymers, ceramics and glasses, biomaterials, wood, paper, and liquid crystals.

Materials science and engineering is concerned with the relationship between the properties and structure of materials. In this context "structure" may be defined on the atomic scale in the case of crystalline materials, on the molecular scale (in the case of polymers, for example), or on the microscopic scale. Each of these definitions has been applied in making the present selection of articles.

Key Features

  • Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the structure of materials at the atomic, molecular and microscopic levels, plus recent updates
  • Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field
  • Extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature

Readership

Faculty and postgraduate research students in materials science and technology and related disciplines, especially physics, chemistry, engineering and biomedical science; also researchers and staff in government and industry.

Table of Contents

GENERAL/MISCELLANEOUS Annealing Textures.
Carbon Mesophase. Carbon Nanotubes. Composite Materials, Microstructural Design of Crystal Engineering. Crystal Structure of the Elements, Crystals. Dendritic Solidification of Deformation Processing: Texture Evolution. Deformation Texture. Fullerenes. Ice: Structures Phase Diagrams: Phase Diagrams: Data Compilation METALS AND ALLOYS

NON-FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS Aluminium Alloys: Alloy, Heat Treatment and Temper Designations. Aluminium: Alloying Cobalt Alloys: Alloying and Thermomechanical Processing. Copper Alloys: Alloy and Temper Designations. Magnesium: Alloying Nickel Alloys: Nomenclature. Nickel-based. Superalloys: Alloying. Titanium: Alloying. Titanium Alloys: Alloy Designation System

FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS Austenite Decomposition: Overall Kinetics. During Isothermal and Continuous Cooling. Transformation. Bainite. Cast Irons. Ferrous Alloys: Overview. Martensite. Pearlite. Precipitation from Austenite. Sheet Steel: Low Carbon. Stainless Steels: Cast. Stainless Steels: Duplex. Steels: Classifications. Tool and Die Steels.

INTERMETALLIC MATERIALS Intermetallics: Crystal Structures. Intermetallics: Laves Phases.

POLYMERS Block Copolymer Phase Behaviour. Block Copolymers, Structural Characterization of Ceramic-modified High Temperature Polymers. Clay-based Polymer Nanocomposites. Cyclic Polymers: Crystallinity of Cycloaliphatic Polymers. Fluorine-containing Polymers. High-temperature Stable Polymers. Hybrid Dendrimer Star-like Polymers. Injection Molded Semicrystalline. Polymers:Structure Development and Modeling. Polymer-ceramic Nanocomposites: Polymer. Overview. Polymer Crystallization: General Concepts of. Theory and Experiments. Polymer Spherulites. Polymer Surfaces: Structure. Structure of Polymer Glasses: Short Range Order.

CERAMICS & GLASSES Binary Oxide Ceramics: Al2O3, ZrO2, Structure and Properties of. Chalcogenide Glasses Glass Ceramics. Nanoscale Ceramic Composites. Oxide Glasses. Oxynitride Glasses. Porous Ceramics including Fibrous Insulation, Structure and Properties. Portland Cements. Si3N4 Ceramics, Structure and Properties of. Si-AlON Ceramics, Structure and Properties of.

BIOMATERIALS Bone Mineralization. Cuticle. Marine Teeth (and Mammal Teeth). Shell: Properties. Teeth: Structure/Mechanical Design Strategies. Tissue Engineering Scaffolds.

WOOD and PAPER Paper: Porosity. Paper: Structure. Wood, Constituents of. Wood: Macroscopic Anatomy. Wood: Ultrastructure.

LIQUID CRYSTALS Calamatic Liquid Crystals. Chiral Smectic Liquid Crystals. Cholesteric Liquid Crystals. Discotic Liquid Crystals. Liquid Crystal: Overview. Liquid Crystalline Polymers: An Introduction. Nematic Discotic Liquid Crystals. Polymeric Discotic Liquid Crystals.

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080524634

About the Author

J. W. Martin

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oxford, UK