COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
CO2 in Seawater: Equilibrium, Kinetics, Isotopes - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444509468

CO2 in Seawater: Equilibrium, Kinetics, Isotopes, Volume 65

1st Edition

Authors: R.E. Zeebe D. Wolf-Gladrow
Paperback ISBN: 9780444509468
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 15th October 2001
Page Count: 360
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents

1. Equilibrium.
The carbonate system.
pH scales.
Partial pressure and fugacity.
The Revelle factor.
Worked out problems.
2. Kinetics. Basic concepts of kinetics. Temperature dependence of rate constants. Reactions and rate constants of the carbonate system. Approaching equilibrium: the carbonate system. Approaching isotopic equilibrium: 12C, 13C, and 14C. Diffusion and reaction. Summary.
3. Stable Isotope Fractionation. Notation, abundances, standards. Carbon. Oxygen. Boron. Thermodynamic properties of isotopic substances.
A. Equilibrium constants.
B. From two to six.
C. Details and Calculations.
D. Answers to Exercises.
E. Notation and Symbols.


Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas after water vapor in the atmosphere of the earth. More than 98% of the carbon of the atmosphere-ocean system is stored in the oceans as dissolved inorganic carbon. The key for understanding critical processes of the marine carbon cycle is a sound knowledge of the seawater carbonate chemistry, including equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties as well as stable isotope fractionation.

Presenting the first coherent text describing equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties and stable isotope fractionation among the elements of the carbonate system. This volume presents an overview and a synthesis of these subjects which should be useful for graduate students and researchers in various fields such as biogeochemistry, chemical oceanography, paleoceanography, marine biology, marine chemistry, marine geology, and others.

The volume includes an introduction to the equilibrium properties of the carbonate system in which basic concepts such as equilibrium constants, alkalinity, pH scales, and buffering are discussed. It also deals with the nonequilibrium properties of the seawater carbonate chemistry. Whereas principle of chemical kinetics are recapitulated, reaction rates and relaxation times of the carbonate system are considered in details. The book also provides a general introduction to stable isotope fractionation and describes the partitioning of carbon, oxygen, and boron isotopes between the species of the carbonate system. The appendix contains formulas for the equilibrium constants of the carbonate system, mathematical expressions to calculate carbonate system parameters, answers to exercises and more.


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 2001
15th October 2001
Elsevier Science
Paperback ISBN:


"...What makes this book unique is that, to my knowledge, there are no other books or articles accessible to the scientific public that cover all these aspects of the CO2 properties in seawater. ...a good achievement, drawing together both traditional and recent knowledge on the complexity of carbon chemistry in the ocean. However people approach this book, either reading it through or picking out specific information, they will be rewarded. One way or another, students and scientists concerned with the oceanic carbon cycle (except for the anthropogenic part) should be users of this book."
-C. Goyet, Limnolgy & Oceanography Bulletin

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

R.E. Zeebe

Affiliations and Expertise

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

D. Wolf-Gladrow Wolf-Gladrow's Home Page at AWI

Affiliations and Expertise

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, PO Box 120161, D-27515 Bremerhaven, Germany