The growing demand for more sustainable materials has led to increased research on the properties of natural rubber. Chemistry, Manufacture and Applications of Natural Rubber summarizes this research and its significance for the industrial applications of natural rubber.

Chapters in part one explore the properties and processing of natural rubber, including the biosynthesis of natural rubber in different rubber-producing species, chemical modification of natural rubber for improved performance, and the effect of strain-induced crystallization on the physical properties of natural rubber. Further chapters highlight hydrophobic and hydrophilic silica-filled cross-linked natural rubber and computer simulation of network formation in natural rubber. Part two focusses on applications of natural rubber, including eco-friendly bio-composites using natural rubber matrices and reinforcements, soft bio-composites from natural rubber and marine products, natural rubber for the tire industry, the application of epoxidized natural rubber in pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs), and the use of natural rubber for vibration isolation and earthquake protection of structures. Finally, chapters in part three consider environmental and safety issues associated with natural rubber, including improving the sustainable development of natural rubber, the recycling of natural and synthetic isoprene rubbers and of sulfur cross-linked natural rubber, and recent research on natural rubber latex allergy.

Chemistry, Manufacture and Applications of Natural Rubber is a comprehensive resource for academics, chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the rubber industry, as well as those industries, including automotive, civil, and medical engineering, using natural rubber products.

Key Features

  • An updated review with systematic and comprehensive coverage of natural rubbers
  • Covers a broad range of topics, including the chemistry, processing, sustainability, and applications of natural rubbers
  • Coverage of the best international research, including key experts from Asia, the United States, South America, and Europe


Rubber researchers in academics and companies; Professional in tire, rubber, and elastomers industries; Natural rubber producers; Policymakers and experts of natural rubber producing countries; Natural rubber researchers; Chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals/practitioners in the rubber industry and other industries using natural rubber products

Table of Contents

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Introduction to the unique qualities of natural rubber

The history of natural rubber

Types of rubber tree

Future trends


Part I: Properties and processing of natural rubber

1. Biosynthesis of natural rubber (NR) in different rubber-producing species


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Rubber biosynthesis

1.3 Rubber particles and rubber biosynthesis

1.4 Kinetic analyses of rubber transferase

1.5 Regulation of biosynthetic rate

1.6 Regulation of molecular weight

1.7 Identification and purification of rubber transferase

1.8 Conclusions

1.9 Acknowledgments

1.10 References

2. Natural rubber (NR) biosynthesis: perspectives from polymer chemistry


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Background on natural rubber (NR)

2.3 Synthetic polyisoprenes (PIPs)

2.4 Biosynthesis of NR

2.5 In vitro biosynthesis of NR

2.6 NR in health care

2.7 Future trends

2.8 Acknowledgments

2.9 References and further reading

3. Chemical modification of natural rubber (NR) for improved performance


3.1 Introduction: The role of chemical modification in creating high-performance natural rubber (NR)

3.2 The main types of chemical modification of NR

3.3 Chemical modification by changing the structure or weight of rubber molecules

3.4 Chemical modification of the carbon–carbon double bond

3.5 Chemical modification by grafting molecules of a different polymer type

3.6 Conclusions: Key issues in improving the properties of NR

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Sources of further information and advice

3.9 References

4. Understanding network control by vulcanization for sulfur cross-linked natural rubber (NR)


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© 2014
Woodhead Publishing
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About the editors

Shinzo Kohjiya

Shinzo Kohjiya is a Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan.

Yuko Ikeda

Yuko Ikeda is an Associate Professor at the Department of Chemistry and Materials Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan.