Carbon Capture Technologies for Gas-Turbine-Based Power Plants

Carbon Capture Technologies for Gas-Turbine-Based Power Plants

1st Edition - September 1, 2022

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  • Authors: Hamidreza Gohari Darabkhani, Hirbod Varasteh, Bahamin Bazooyar
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128188682

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Description

Carbon Capture Technologies for Gas-Turbine-Based Power Plants explores current progress in one of the most capable technologies for carbon capture in gas-turbine-based power plants. It identifies the primary benefits and shortcomings of oxy-fuel combustion CO2 capture technology compared to other capture technologies such as pre-combustion and post-combustion capture. This book examines over 20 different oxy-combustion turbine (oxyturbine) power cycles by providing their main operational parameters, thermodynamics and process modelling, energy and exergy analysis and performance evaluation. The conventional natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plant with post-combustion capture used as the base-case scenario. The design procedure and operational characteristics of a radial NOx-less oxy-fuel gas turbine combustor are presented with CFD simulation and performance analysis of the heat exchanger network and turbomachinery. Overview of oxygen production and air separation units (ASU) and CO2 compression and purification units (CPU) are also presented and discussed. The most advanced stages of development for the leading oxyturbine power cycles are assessed using techno-economic analysis, sensitivity, risk assessments and levelized cost of energy (LCOE) and analysing technology readiness level (TRL) and development stages. The book concludes with a road map for the development of future gas turbine-based power plants with full carbon capture capabilities using the experiences of the recently demonstrated cycles.

Key Features

  • Analyzes more than 20 models of oxyturbine power cycles, identifying the main parameters regarding their operation, process and performance simulations and energy and exergy analysis
  • Provides techno-economic analysis, TRL, sensitivity and risk analysis, LCOE and stages of development for oxy-combustion turbine power plants
  • Presents the design procedure and CFD simulation of a radial NOx-less oxy-fuel gas turbine combustor exploring its influence on heat exchanger network and turbomachinery
  • Supports practitioners, policymakers and energy industry managers seeking pathways to convert coal-fired power plants to gas-fired plants with zero CO2 emission

Readership

Research institutions and universities; carbon capture technology specialists; energy decision/policy makers; carbon capture and storage related associations (UKCCSRC, IEA, IMechE); power generation industries; clean energy technologists

Table of Contents

  • 1. An Introduction to Gas Turbine Systems
    2. Main Technologies in CO2 Capture
    3. Oxyturbine Power Cycles and Gas-CCS Technologies
    4. Process Modelling and Performance Analysis of The Leading Oxyturbine Cycles
    5. Design Characteristics of Oxyfuel Combustion, Heat Exchanger Network and Turbomachinery
    6. Oxygen Production and Air Separation Units (ASU)
    7. Technoeconomic, Risk Analysis and Technology Readiness Level (TRL) In Oxyturbine Power Cycles
    8. Conclusion and Future Works

Product details

  • No. of pages: 276
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: September 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128188682

About the Authors

Hamidreza Gohari Darabkhani

Hamidreza Gohari Darabkhani has over two decades of industrial and academic work experience in energy and gas turbine systems. He received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering (Combustion & Energy) from the University of Manchester in 2010, then joined Cranfield University for six years, working on several research council and industry-funded pilot-scale energy projects. Hamidreza is now a professor of low carbon and renewable energy systems at Staffordshire University and working on state-of-the-art projects on CCS technologies, Oxyturbine power cycles and Biofuel/H2/Syngas Micro-CHP systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Systems, Staffordshire University, UK

Hirbod Varasteh

Hirbod Varasteh is a lecturer in civil engineering at the University of Derby. He has over fifteen years of work experience in both industry and academia in fluid mechanics, hydraulics, low carbon energy, sustainable materials, and process modelling. He joined the Institute for Innovation in Sustainable Engineering (IISE) at the University of Derby and contributed to several successful projects to reduce carbon emission through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) projects. He also contributed H2020 funded ICEBERG project at Loughborough University. His current researchs are sustainable hydraulic Structures, low carbon material for buildings, low and zero-carbon energy, carbon capture, process modelling, Life Cycle Assessment and circular economy.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lecturer, Civil Engineering, University of Derby

Bahamin Bazooyar

Bahamin Bazooyar has PhD in chemical engineering from Petroleum University of Technology, graduated Summa Cum Laude. His main research interests are Fluid Mechanics, Turbulence, Combustion. He is doing pedagogy and research for Cranfield and Staffordshire University. He is now finding sustainable ways to decarbonise the industries by state-of-art process engineering and design of novel combustion systems. He is responsible for delivery of £3m in the design of a novel supersonic separator, microturbine combustor, and plasma reactor.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Fellow, Low-Carbon Energy Systems, Cranfield University

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