Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters

1st Edition - September 1, 2022

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  • Editor: Thalappil Pradeep
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323908795

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Description

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters discusses the host of exciting properties that can be better harnessed with a solid understanding of their different structures and subsequent properties at the molecular level. The book delves into the foundational chemistry of numerous key atomically precise clusters and provides guidance on key approaches employed to examine them. Beginning with an introduction to the properties and fundamental nano-chemistry of atomically precise metal nanoclusters, the book then explores key approaches for their synthesis, examination and modification, including chromatography, mass spectrometry, single crystal diffraction, electron microscopy and computational approaches. A final section covers specific nanoclusters and cluster systems. User will find the important knowledge of an experienced team of contributors who provide a detailed guide to understanding, investigating and utilizing these useful structures that is ideal for anyone working in related fields.

Key Features

  • Presents a comprehensive guide that combines key knowledge, approaches and other types of metal nanocluster
  • Supports an understanding of important interactions and approaches using clear figures
  • Highlights future needs and prospects in the field

Readership

Students and researchers in Nano-chemistry, Nanoscience, Inorganic Chemistry, Materials science and Molecular materials design across academia and industry

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction: Evolution of an area

    Part 1: Fundamentals and properties
    1. Chemical properties of clusters
    1.1. Chemical reactivity at the nanoscale: beyond surface to volume ratio
    1.2. Molecule-like nature of ligand-protected atomically precise clusters
    1.3. Solution-phase chemistry of ligand-protected atomically precise noble metal clusters- A brief overview
    1.4. New directions in metal cluster chemistry
    1.6. Understanding the solution phase chemistry of ligand protected metal clusters
    1.6. Summary and prospects

    2. Properties of clusters and cluster solids
    2.1. Introduction on cluster assembled solids
    2.2. Need for cluster solidification
    2.3. Limitations of cluster solidification
    2.4. Types of Cluster assembled solids
    2.5. Different types of cluster crystallization
    2.6. Properties of cluster assembled solids
    2.7. Applications of cluster assembled solids
    2.8. Summary and prospects

    3. Optical properties of metal clusters
    3.1. Optical absorption and emission spectroscopy
    3.2. Optical spectroscopy of archetypal clusters
    3.3. Fluorescence spectroscopy of clusters
    3.5. Dynamics of excited states
    3.6. Non-linear absorption
    3.7. Chirality and chiroptical properties
    3.8. Computational methods and optical properties
    3.9. Summary and prospects

    4. Supramolecular chemistry of nanoclusters
    4.1. Introduction to supramolecular chemistry
    4.2. What is the role of ligands and their symmetry?
    4.3. Types of supramolecular molecular chemistry of NCs
    4.4. Properties of supramolecular complexes of NCs
    4.5. Application of supramolecular complexes of NCs
    4.6. Future perspectives
    4.7. Summary and conclusions

    5.Cluster-nanoparticle co-assemblies
    5.1. Colloidal assembly: Introduction
    5.2. Nanoclusters as the new generation building blocks
    5.3. Examples of nanoclusters assemblies
    5.4. Chemical interaction of Nanoclusters with plasmonic nanoparticles: Reaction vs Assembly
    5.5. Summary and prospects

    6. Cluster-based metal organic frameworks
    6.1. Introduction
    6.2. Synthesis
    6.3. Structural characterization
    6.4. Properties
    6.5. Applications
    6.6. Summary and prospects

    Part 2: Methods and Approaches
    7. Synthesis of atomically precise clusters
    7.1. Burst synthesis and modifications
    7.2. Clusters before Brust synthesis
    7.3. Common methods of synthesis currently
    7.4. Direct synthesis of crystals
    7.5. Summary and prospects

    8. Chromatography and separation in cluster science
    8.1. Separation of hydrophobic nanoclusters
    8.1.2.4.5. Separation based on number of heteroatoms
    8.2. Separation of hydrophilic nanoclusters
    8.3. Summary and prospects

    9. Mass spectrometry of atomically precise clusters
    9.1. Mass spectrometry and cluster science
    9.2. Various techniques for ionization of clusters
    9.3. Instrumentation
    9.4. Mass spectrometry of metal clusters
    9.5. Mass spectrometry of adducts of clusters
    9.6. Tandem mass spectrometry of clusters
    9.7. Ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM MS) of clusters
    9.8. Liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) of clusters
    9.9. Mass spectrometry of other atomically precise clusters
    9.10. Mass spectrometry of metal clusters in macromolecular templates
    9.11. Mass spectrometry of larger clusters
    9.12. Summary and prospects

    10. Spectroscopy of gas phase cluster ions
    10.1. Experimental methodologies
    10.2. Structure determination
    10.3. Vibrational spectroscopy
    10.4. Photodissociation
    10.5. Action Spectroscopy
    10.6. Summary and prospects

    11. Structure by single crystal diffraction
    11.1. Introduction
    11.2. Crystallization methods
    11.3. Basic core structural building blocks
    11.4. Surface structure of monolayers
    11.5. Growth of building blocks
    11.6. Crystal structures of archetypal nanoclusters
    11.7. Crystal structures of large nanoclusters (M>200)
    11.8. Structural diversity in nanoclusters
    11.9. Structural models and viewpoints
    11.10. Summary and prospects

    12.Electron microscopy and diffraction of clusters
    12.1. Introduction
    12.2. Modifications specific to small particle microscopy
    12.3. Single particle microscopy
    12.4. Electron tomography for structure and morphology of cluster assemblies
    12.5. In-situ liquid cell microscopy
    12.6. Summary and prospects

    13. Computational approaches for cluster science
    13.1. Need for computational insights
    13.2. Basics of computational methods and models
    13.3. Structural prediction of clusters, their crystals and assemblies
    13.4. Electronic structure of monolayer protected clusters from DFT
    13.5. Calculation of spectroscopic properties
    13.6 . Catalysis and other property calculations
    13.7. Modelling alloy and ligand modification of clusters
    13.8. Theoretical approach towards intercluster reaction dynamics
    13.9. Summary and prospects

    Part 3 Specific Nanoclusters and Cluster Systems
    14. Ag and Au nanoclusters
    14.1. Introduction
    14.2. Types of Ag and Au nanoclusters
    14.3. Synthetic methods for thiolated Ag and Au nanoclusters
    14.4. Atomically precise thiolated Au clusters
    14.5. Size dependent optical and chemical properties in Nanoclusters
    14.6. Stability of thiolate-protected Ag and Au nanoclusters
    14.7. Nomenclature of nanoclusters
    14.8. Applications may be moved elsewhere
    14.9. Summary and prospects

    15. Alloy clusters
    15.1 Alloys in the bulk and nanoscale
    15.2 Various synthetic methodologies for alloy clusters
    15.3 Different characterization techniques
    15.4 Structures of alloy clusters
    15.5 Properties
    15.6. Summary and prospects

    16. Naked clusters and ion chemistry of clusters
    16.1. Introduction
    16.2. Different types of naked clusters
    16.3. Mass spectral studies
    16.4. Other characterization methods of naked clusters Refer to this section in chapter 8
    16.5. Solid-supported metal clusters/Cluster assembled materials
    16.6. Summary and prospects

    17. Atomic precision in other cluster systems: Chalcogenides
    17.1. Metal chalcogenide clusters
    17.2. Synthetic approaches for copper and silver chalcogenide clusters
    17.3. Structure and properties of copper and silver chalcogenide clusters
    17.4. Tetrahedral clusters of cadmium and zinc
    17.5. Amine protected magic sized clusters
    17.6. Molecular clusters of Ni, Co and Mn chalcogenides
    17.7. Understanding of chalcogenide clusters through mass spectrometry
    17.8. Summary and prospects

    18. Nanoclusters of metals other than Ag and Au
    18.1. Introduction to other metal nanoclusters
    18.2. Synthesis
    18.3. Major characterization techniques
    18.4. Physico-chemical properties
    18.5. Novel applications
    18.6. Challenges and opportunities
    18.7. Summary and prospects

    19. Thiols as ligands and structural control of clusters
    19.1. Origin of monothiol-protected NCs
    19.2. Surface functionalization of NCs via ligand replacement reaction
    19.3. Different possible noble metal NCs
    19.4. Chemistry of surface ligands
    19.5. Long-range colloidal assembly
    19.6. Summary and prospects

    20. Hydrides, phosphines and amines as ligands
    20.1. Introduction to atomic and labile ligands
    20.2. Nanomaterials’ synthesis
    20.3. Characterization
    20.4. Chemical properties: Reactivity
    20.5. Applications
    20.6. Challenges and future perspectives
    20.7. Summary and prospects

    21. Clusters for biological applications
    21.1. Introduction
    21.2. Biological considerations of NCs
    21.3. Biomedical applications
    21.4. Multifunctional NCs for advanced biomedical applications: Future perspective
    21.5. Summary and prospects

    22. Emerging frontiers  

    Appendix
    1: Additional notes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 500
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: September 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323908795

About the Editor

Thalappil Pradeep

Thalappil Pradeep is the Deepak Parekh Institute Chair Professor and a Professor of Chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India. He studied at the University of Calicut, Indian Institute of Science, UC Berkeley and Purdue. He is an author of over 478 scientific papers in journals, multiple books in the field and is an inventor of 120 patents or patent applications. Prof Pradeep is also on the editorial boards of numerous key journals, and is an associate editor of ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. In addition, he is involved in the development of affordable technologies for drinking water purification, some of which have been commercialized. His technologies are supplying clean water to 10 million people each day. He is a recipient of several awards including the Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize, BM Birla Science Prize, National Award for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, India Nanotech Innovation Award and JC Bose National Fellowship. He is the winner of The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) prize in Chemistry for the year 2018. The nation conferred the fourth highest civilian honour, the Padma Shri on him in 2020. He is also the recipient of Nikkei Asia Prize 2020. He is a Fellow of Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian National Academy of Engineering, Royal Society of Chemistry, The World Academy of Sciences and American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is a distinguished professor in a few institutions in India and is also on the graduate faculty of Purdue University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Deepak Parekh Institute Chair Professor and Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

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