This book represents years of work by the ICA Spatial Data Standards Commission during the 1995-2003 ICA cycles.

It consists of an Introduction and six Regional Summary chapters that describe the spatial metadata activities happening in Europe, North America, Asia/Pacific, Latin America, Africa/Middle East, and the ISO community. These chapters provide the broader context and description of the milieu in which these standards operate, so that the reader can more easily understand the scientific and technical framework from whence a particular standard has emerged. The third section is a complete listing of all of the three levels of scientific and technical characteristics, and their meaning by the inclusion of a set of definitions for metadata terms used in the book. The fourth section, and by far the largest, contains 22 chapters that assess each of the major national and international spatial metadata standards in the world, and also contains a few representative subject matter profile derived from a major standard. They have been carried out in terms of all three levels of characteristics. Each assessment has been carried out by a Commission member who has been an active participant in the development of the standard being assessed in the native language of that standard. The fifth section contains a summary cross-table wall size summary chart that includes all 22 standards and profiles that are cross tabulated by 70 of the crucial characteristics. The columns provide a thumbnail sketch of each individual standard, while the rows facilitate a quick comparison of individual critical characteristics across all of the 22 standards and profiles. Many readers of our previous book have begun their standards evaluation process with this cross-table.

This current book on spatial metadata standards has been purposely designed to serve as a companion working volume to the 1997 book the Commission published on S

Key Features

* Assesses the National and International Spatial Metadata Standards & Profiles in their native languages, and then reports the analysis in a scientifically consistent manner in a widely used scientific language (English). * Provides a summary Crosstable of the 22 Spatial Metadata Standards/Profiles in a large wall-sized table highlighting 70 of the most important scientific characteristics * Provides the scientific and technical detail for each of the 22 Standards/Profiles to 12 primary levels, 58 second levels, and about 278 tertiary levels. Scientific and technical characteristics can be used for a wide variety of uses with spatial metadata and associated standards


For all those interested spatial data standards including analytical cartography, geographic information science, geographic information systems, photogrammetry, remote sensing, surveying, geodesy, vehicle navigation systems, geology, biology, satellite imagery, demography and related subject matter sciences.

Table of Contents

Dedication. Presidential Foreword. ISO/TC211 Foreword. GIS Foreword. Editor's preface. Part I. Introduction to Spatial Metadata Standards in the World. An introduction to metadata for geographic information (H.J.G.L. Aalders). Part II. Regional Summaries of Spatial Metadata Developments and Associated Activities (H.J.G.L. Aalders). European efforts in the field of geographic metadata and related SDI activities (H.J.G.L. Aalders, F. Salge, A. Martynenko). North American metadata standards developments in Canada and the United States of America (V.E. Hume, J.B. Maitra, K. Fadaie). Metadata standards development; activities in the Asia - Pacific region (C. Macauley et al.). Metadata standards development; activities in Central and South America and the Caribbean (T. Delgado-Fernandez, D.I. Rey-Martinez, M.I. Chaparro-Dominguez). Spatial metadata in Africa and the Middle East (A. Cooper, E.J.O. Gavin). Global spatial metadata activities in the ISO/TC211 geographic information domain (O. Østensen, D. Danko). Part III. Scientific and Technical Characteristics for Assessing Metadata Standards for Geographic Datasets (H. Moellering, A. Crone). Introduction to the scientific and technical characteristics for assessing metadata standards for geographic datasets (H. Moellering, A. Crane). Scientific and technical characteristics of metadata standards for geographical datasets (H. Moellering, A. Crane). Part IV. Scientific and Technical Assessments with Full Descriptions of the Spatial Metadata Standards (A. Crane, C. Ruhl). Introduction to the scientific and technical


No. of pages:
© 2005
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the editors

Harold Moellering

Affiliations and Expertise

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

H.J. Aalders

Affiliations and Expertise

Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Aaron Crane

Affiliations and Expertise

NAVTEQ, Chicago, IL 60654, U.S.A.