Wood a Agricultural Residues - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126545609, 9780323144223

Wood a Agricultural Residues

1st Edition

Research on Use For Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals

Editors: Ed Soles
eBook ISBN: 9780323144223
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1983
Page Count: 632
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Description

Wood and Agricultural Residues Research on Use for Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals covers the proceedings of the 1982 “Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals from Wood and Agricultural Residues” symposium, held in Kansas City and sponsored by Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division of the American Chemical Society. Organized into seven parts encompassing 31 chapters, the book discusses the plant cell wall; the cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin; the lignocellulosics for ruminants; the biological and thermochemical conversion; and the approached for utilization. The introductory part describes the anatomy, permeability, ultrastructure, and digestion of plant cell wall. The following section examines the structure, characteristics, derivatives, recycle and recovery through solvent systems, and utilization for enzyme and protein production of cellulose and hemicelluloses. This section also discusses the synthesis, structure, properties, and analysis of hydroxypropyl lignin derivatives. The third section characterizes the fibrous fractions of forages and presents traditional methods for qualitative and quantitative analyses of lignocellulosics. This text includes discussions on methods for improving utilization of unconventional feed sources by ruminants; the digestion impeding factors; and the effect of chemical, physical, and biological treatments in upgrading the digestibility and nutritive value of crop residues. The subsequent sections describe the biological, chemical, physical, and thermochemical conversion of wood fibers. Such methods include fermentation, acid and steam hydrolysis, saccharification, hydrogenolysis, and pyrolysis. The concluding section covers mechanical treatments to improve lignocelluloses properties, such as steam explosion and solvent systems.
This book is an ideal source of information for botanists and feed scientists and researchers.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

The Plant Cell Wall

Wood Anatomy and Permeability

Forage Ultrastructure and the Digestion of Plant Cell Walls by Rumen Microorganisms

Cellulose, Hemicellulose, and Lignin

The Structure of Cellulose: Recent Developments

Cellulose Derivatives . . . Arranging for the Future

Newer Cellulose Solvent Systems

Hemicellulose as a Biomass Resource

Utilization of Hemicellulose for Production of Enzymes and Microbial Protein

Synthesis, Structure, and Some Properties of Hydroxypropyl Lignins

Lignocellulosics for Ruminants

Methods of Forage Analysis—Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects

Upgrading Residues and By-Products for Ruminants

Treatments to Improve the Digestibility of Crop Residues

Biological Conversion

Fermentation of Soluble Cello-Oligosaccharides by Yeasts

Fermentative Production of Butanol from Sorghum Molasses

The Cellulase Enzyme System of Thermomonospora: A Strain Development Approach

Properties of Xylanase from C. thermocellum Using a Trinitrophenyl-xylan Assay

Economics of a Combined Resource Recovery Cellulose Alcohol Plant

Chemical/Physical Conversion

Acid Processes for Cellulose Hydrolysis and Their Mechanisms

Reaction Rates for Liquid Phase HF Saccharification of Wood

Pretreatment of Hardwood by Continuous Steam Hydrolysis

Caustic Pretreatment Study for Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Wheat Straw

Hydroxy-Aromatics from Lignin Hydrogenolysis

The Wood Explosion Process: Characterization and Uses of Lignin/Cellulose Products

Thermochemical Conversion

Thermal Conversion of Cellulosic Materials to Fuel and Chemicals

Thermodynamic Analysis of a Biomass Pyrolysis Process

Char and Gas Production during Pyrolysis of Southern Pine

Biomass Degradation Tars as Sources of Chemicals and Fuel Hydrocarbons

Utilization Overviews

Disruption and Fractionation of Lignocellulose

Process Technology for the Biological Conversion of Lignocellulosic Materials to Fermentable Sugars and Alcohols

Integrated Approach for Utilization of Bioresources for Fuels, Chemicals, and Traditional Uses

Configurations for a Forest Refinery—An Interim Report

Abandoned Sawmills: Potential Energy Sources?

Index




Details

No. of pages:
632
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323144223

About the Editor

Ed Soles