Wood a Agricultural Residues

Wood a Agricultural Residues

Research on Use For Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Editor: Ed Soles
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144223

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Description

Wood and Agricultural Residues Research on Use for Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals covers the proceedings of the 1982 “Feed, Fuels, and Chemicals from Wood and Agricultural Residues” symposium, held in Kansas City and sponsored by Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division of the American Chemical Society. Organized into seven parts encompassing 31 chapters, the book discusses the plant cell wall; the cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin; the lignocellulosics for ruminants; the biological and thermochemical conversion; and the approached for utilization. The introductory part describes the anatomy, permeability, ultrastructure, and digestion of plant cell wall. The following section examines the structure, characteristics, derivatives, recycle and recovery through solvent systems, and utilization for enzyme and protein production of cellulose and hemicelluloses. This section also discusses the synthesis, structure, properties, and analysis of hydroxypropyl lignin derivatives. The third section characterizes the fibrous fractions of forages and presents traditional methods for qualitative and quantitative analyses of lignocellulosics. This text includes discussions on methods for improving utilization of unconventional feed sources by ruminants; the digestion impeding factors; and the effect of chemical, physical, and biological treatments in upgrading the digestibility and nutritive value of crop residues. The subsequent sections describe the biological, chemical, physical, and thermochemical conversion of wood fibers. Such methods include fermentation, acid and steam hydrolysis, saccharification, hydrogenolysis, and pyrolysis. The concluding section covers mechanical treatments to improve lignocelluloses properties, such as steam explosion and solvent systems. This book is an ideal source of information for botanists and feed scientists and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    The Plant Cell Wall

    Wood Anatomy and Permeability

    Forage Ultrastructure and the Digestion of Plant Cell Walls by Rumen Microorganisms

    Cellulose, Hemicellulose, and Lignin

    The Structure of Cellulose: Recent Developments

    Cellulose Derivatives . . . Arranging for the Future

    Newer Cellulose Solvent Systems

    Hemicellulose as a Biomass Resource

    Utilization of Hemicellulose for Production of Enzymes and Microbial Protein

    Synthesis, Structure, and Some Properties of Hydroxypropyl Lignins

    Lignocellulosics for Ruminants

    Methods of Forage Analysis—Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects

    Upgrading Residues and By-Products for Ruminants

    Treatments to Improve the Digestibility of Crop Residues

    Biological Conversion

    Fermentation of Soluble Cello-Oligosaccharides by Yeasts

    Fermentative Production of Butanol from Sorghum Molasses

    The Cellulase Enzyme System of Thermomonospora: A Strain Development Approach

    Properties of Xylanase from C. thermocellum Using a Trinitrophenyl-xylan Assay

    Economics of a Combined Resource Recovery Cellulose Alcohol Plant

    Chemical/Physical Conversion

    Acid Processes for Cellulose Hydrolysis and Their Mechanisms

    Reaction Rates for Liquid Phase HF Saccharification of Wood

    Pretreatment of Hardwood by Continuous Steam Hydrolysis

    Caustic Pretreatment Study for Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Wheat Straw

    Hydroxy-Aromatics from Lignin Hydrogenolysis

    The Wood Explosion Process: Characterization and Uses of Lignin/Cellulose Products

    Thermochemical Conversion

    Thermal Conversion of Cellulosic Materials to Fuel and Chemicals

    Thermodynamic Analysis of a Biomass Pyrolysis Process

    Char and Gas Production during Pyrolysis of Southern Pine

    Biomass Degradation Tars as Sources of Chemicals and Fuel Hydrocarbons

    Utilization Overviews

    Disruption and Fractionation of Lignocellulose

    Process Technology for the Biological Conversion of Lignocellulosic Materials to Fermentable Sugars and Alcohols

    Integrated Approach for Utilization of Bioresources for Fuels, Chemicals, and Traditional Uses

    Configurations for a Forest Refinery—An Interim Report

    Abandoned Sawmills: Potential Energy Sources?

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144223

About the Editor

Ed Soles

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