Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

1st Edition - April 12, 2012

Write a review

  • Editor: S Affatato
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096128
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857091284

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (EPub, Mobi, PDF)
Available
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design.After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area.

Key Features

  • Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design
  • Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants
  • Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

Readership

Researchers, materials scientists, clinicians and prosthesis manufacturers.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Acknowledgements

    Part I: Fundamentals of implant wear

    Chapter 1: Introduction to wear phenomena of orthopaedic implants

    Abstract:

    1.1 History of wear

    1.2 Wear mechanisms

    1.3 Importance of wear mechanisms and their evaluation

    1.4 In vivo wear measurements

    1.5 In vitro wear measurements

    1.6 Socio-economic wear impact

    1.7 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Biology of implant wear

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Inflammatory reaction to particulate materials

    2.3 Cellular/molecular response to wear

    2.4 Conclusion and therapeutic targets

    Chapter 3: Biomechanics of the hip and knee: implant wear

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Kinematics of hip and knee joints

    3.3 Kinetics and joint forces

    3.4 Lubrication and contact conditions in hip and knee implants

    3.5 Implications for implant wear

    3.6 Future trends in biomechanics of hip and knee joints

    Chapter 4: Anatomy of the hip and suitable prostheses

    Abstract:

    4.1 Anatomy of the hip

    4.2 Kinematics of the hip

    4.3 Biomechanics of the hip

    4.4 History and indications for total hip replacement

    4.5 Prosthetic designs and bearing surfaces

    4.6 Future trends

    4.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 5: Anatomy of the knee and suitable prostheses

    Abstract:

    5.1 Bones and ligaments

    5.2 Kinematics

    5.3 Biomechanics

    5.4 History and indications for total knee replacement

    5.5 Prosthetic designs and bearing surfaces

    5.6 Future trends

    5.7 Acknowledgment

    Chapter 6: Orthopaedic implant materials and design

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Materials in knee and hip arthroplasty

    6.2.2 Ceramics

    6.2.3 Polyethylene

    6.2.4 Trabecular Metal Technology (TMT)/non–TMT augments

    6.2.5 Cement

    6.3 Evolution of total knee arthroplasty

    6.4 History of total hip arthroplasty

    6.5 Future trends

    6.6 Sources of further information and advice

    6.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 7: Materials used for hip and knee implants

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Polymer evolution and internal/surface treatments

    7.3 Metal evolution and internal/surface treatments to use in vivo

    7.4 Ceramic evolution and internal/surface treatments to use in vivo

    7.5 Conclusion

    Part II: Wear phenomena

    Chapter 8: Wear phenomena of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) joints

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Wear phenomena of UHMWPE knee joints

    8.3 Concluding remarks

    8.4 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 9: Wear phenomena of metal joints

    Abstract:

    9.1 Alloys for orthopaedic implants

    9.2 Electrochemical aspects of corrosion

    9.3 Passivity and corrosion of implant alloys

    9.4 Surface phenomena in biotribocorrosion

    9.5 Tribocorrosion at the articulating interface

    9.6 Fretting corrosion

    9.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Wear phenomena of ceramic joints

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Developments in ceramic technology

    10.2.1 Alumina

    10.2.2 Zirconia

    10.2.3 Zirconia-toughened alumina

    Chapter 11: The influence of surgical techniques on implant wear

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Hip arthroplasty

    11.3 Knee arthroplasty

    Conclusion

    Chapter 12: Factors contributing to orthopaedic implant wear

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Implant-specific factors – materials and design

    12.3 Surgical factors

    12.4 Patient factors

    12.5 Interactions between different factors

    12.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 13: Diagnosis and surveillance of orthopaedic implants

    Abstract:

    13.1 The importance of a correct diagnosis

    13.2 Predictive and detection methods

    13.3 Choice of prosthesis

    13.4 Patient education

    13.5 Surveillance

    Chapter 14: Failure analysis of orthopaedic implants

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Implant retrieval laboratories

    14.3 Failure modes

    14.4 Analysis techniques

    14.5 Importance of validation

    14.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 15: Wear prediction of orthopaedic implants

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Overall wear modelling

    15.3 Wear models

    15.4 Determination of wear factors and coefficients

    15.5 Contact models

    15.6 Numerical calculation of wear

    15.7 Applications

    15.8 Future trends

    15.9 Further information

    15.10 Acknowledgments

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 448
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: April 12, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096128
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857091284

About the Editor

S Affatato

Saverio Affatato is a Medical Physicist at the Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute (IOR). In particular he is the responsible of the Tribology area at the Medical Technology Laboratory of the IOR.

Affiliations and Expertise

Medical Physicist, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints"