Description

Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design.

After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area.

Key Features

  • Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design
  • Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants
  • Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

Readership

Researchers, materials scientists, clinicians and prosthesis manufacturers.

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Acknowledgements

Part I: Fundamentals of implant wear

Chapter 1: Introduction to wear phenomena of orthopaedic implants

Abstract:

1.1 History of wear

1.2 Wear mechanisms

1.3 Importance of wear mechanisms and their evaluation

1.4 In vivo wear measurements

1.5 In vitro wear measurements

1.6 Socio-economic wear impact

1.7 Future trends

Chapter 2: Biology of implant wear

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Inflammatory reaction to particulate materials

2.3 Cellular/molecular response to wear

2.4 Conclusion and therapeutic targets

Chapter 3: Biomechanics of the hip and knee: implant wear

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Kinematics of hip and knee joints

3.3 Kinetics and joint forces

3.4 Lubrication and contact conditions in hip and knee implants

3.5 Implications for implant wear

3.6 Future trends in biomechanics of hip and knee joints

Chapter 4: Anatomy of the hip and suitable prostheses

Abstract:

4.1 Anatomy of the hip

4.2 Kinematics of the hip

4.3 Biomechanics of the hip

4.4 History and indications for total hip replacement

4.5 Prosthetic designs and bearing surfaces

4.6 Future trends

4.7 Acknowledgments

Chapter 5: Anatomy of the knee and suitable prostheses

Abstract:

5.1 Bones and ligaments

5.2 Kinematics

5.3 Biomechanics

5.4 History and indications for total knee replacement

5.5 Prosthetic designs and bearing surfaces

5.6 Future trends

5.7 Acknowledgment

Chapter 6: Orthopaedic implant materials and design

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Materials in knee and hip arthroplasty

6.2.2 Ceramics

6.2.3 Polyethylene

6.2.4 Trabecular Metal Technology (TMT)/non–

Details

No. of pages:
448
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9780857096128
Print ISBN:
9780857091284

About the editor

Saverio Affatato

Saverio Affatato is a Medical Physicist at the Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute (IOR). In particular he is the responsible of the Tribology area at the Medical Technology Laboratory of the IOR.