Water Relations in Membrane Transport in Plants and Animals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123920508, 9781483273877

Water Relations in Membrane Transport in Plants and Animals

1st Edition

Editors: Arthur M. Jungreis Thomas K. Hodges Arnost Kleinzeller
eBook ISBN: 9781483273877
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 408
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Description

Water Relations in Membrane Transport in Plants and Animals contains the presentations in a symposium dealing with Water Relations in Membranes in Plants and Animals, during the 27th Annual Fall Meeting of the American Physiological Society held at The University of Pennsylvania, 17-19 August 1976. The purpose of the symposium was to explore the common modes of water regulation in plants and animals.
In these proceedings, the mechanisms employed to restrict water flow across plant and metazoan animal cells are described. Putative differences in mechanisms of water regulation retained by plant versus animal cells become inconsequential in the light of the numerous similarities: dependence upon bioelectric potentials maintained across cell membranes, energy dependence of uphill water movement, and solute coupling during water transport.
The presentations can be organized into four. The first takes up specific mechanisms of water transport in plants. The second and third parts deal with specific mechanisms in invertebrates and vertebrates, respectively. The fourth part covers generalized mechanisms common to plants and animals.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Session I Water and Solute Transport in Plant Cells

Water and Solute Transport in Plant Cells: Chairman's Introductory Comments

Ion Transport and Osmotic Regulation in Giant Algal Cells

Transcellular Ion Movements and Growth Localization in Fucoid Eggs and Other Cells

Biophysical Model for Plant Cell Growth: Auxin Effects

The Osmotic Motor of Stomatal Movement

Control of Proton Translocation in the Chloroplast Water Oxidation System

Energetics and Control of Transport in Neurospora

Session II Water and Solute Transport in Cells of Invertebrates

Water and Solute Regulation in Invertebrates: Chairman's Introductory Remarks

Comparative Aspects of Invertebrate Epithelial Transport

Solute and Water Movement in the Roundworm Ascaris Suum (Nematoda)

Solute and Water Movement in Freshwater Bivale Mollusks (Pelecypoda; Unionidae; Corbiculidae; Margaritiferidae)

Aspects of Fluid Movement in the Crayfish Antennal Gland

Intestinal Water and Ion Transport in Freshwater Malacostracan Prawns (Crustacea)

Molecular Mechanisms in the Branchiopod Larval Salt Gland (Crustacea)

Insect Midgut as a Model Epithelium

Session III Epithelial Transport of Solutes and Water

Solute and Water Transport across Vertebrate Epithelia: Chairman's Introductory Remarks

The Sodium Transport Pool of Epithelial Tissues

Passive Water Transport across Epithelia

Ionic Activities and Solute Transfer in Epithelial Cells of the Small Intestine

Anatomical Methods for Studying Transport across Epithelia

A Mechanism for Coupling Isotonic Salt and Water Transport in the Mammalian Proximal Straight Tubule

Session IV General Session

Introductory Remarks of the General Session

Energy Coupling in Ion and Water Fluxes across Plant Membranes

Cell Volume Control

Hormonal Action in the Control of Fluid and Salt Transporting Epithelia

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Water Movement

Problems of Water Transport in Insects

The Role of Hydrostatic and Colloid-Osmotic Pressure on the Paracellular Pathway and on Solute and Water Absorption

Author Index

Species Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
408
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273877

About the Editor

Arthur M. Jungreis

Thomas K. Hodges

Arnost Kleinzeller

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, U.S.A.