Water Quality Management - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124261501, 9780323143493

Water Quality Management

1st Edition

Authors: Peter Krenkel
eBook ISBN: 9780323143493
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1980
Page Count: 684
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Description

Water Quality Management covers the fundamentals of water quality; water quality modeling and systems analysis of streams, reservoirs, and estuaries; and practical water quality topics and problems. The book presents topics on the legal aspects; the physical, chemical, and biological dimensions of water quality; and water quality requirements. The text also describes the pollution inputs from both point and nonpoint sources; eutrophication; thermal pollution; and groundwater quality. Detailed discussions on water quality parameters and characteristics; hydrologic and hydraulic aspects of water quality; mixing; and simple and complex water quality models are also included. The book further tackles topics on waste assimilative capacity determination, as well as effluent outfall design. Practicing environmental engineers and professionals involved in pollution abatement programs, environmental students undertaking studies in water quality management, and professionals involved in water quality management or water resources problems will find the text quite.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Introduction

Definition of Water Quality Management

Pollution and Water Quality Management

The Economic Impact of Water Quality

Land Use and Water Quality

References

2 Legislation

Introduction

Water Use Laws

Ambient Standards versus Effluent Standards

Criteria versus Standards

The Development of Water Pollution Control Legislation in the United States

Other Laws Affecting Water Quality Management

The State's Role in Water Pollution Control

The American Judicial System and Water Quality

References

3 Physical and Chemical Parameters of Water Quality

Introduction

Classification of Pollutants

Indicators of Water Quality

Water Quality Index

The Natural Quality of Water

References

4 Biological Aspects of Water Quality

Introduction

Ecosystem Response to Stress

Biological Indices of Water Quality

Toxicity Bioassays

Bacteriological Indices of Water Quality

Epilogue

References

5 Quality Requirements for the Beneficial Uses of Water

Introduction

Stream and Effluent Water Quality Standards

Beneficial Uses of Water

The Assignment of Stream Use Designations

Waste Load Allocation

Antidegradation Concept

References

6 The Dynamics of the Water Cycle

The Hydrologic Cycle

The Watershed or River Basin

References

7 Pollution Sources, Loadings, and Wastewater Characterization

Introduction

Point Source Pollution

Pollution from Diffuse Sources

Wastewater Characterization

References

8 Introduction to Water Quality Modeling

Fundamental Concepts

Steps in Systems Analysis

Basic Mathematical Models

Basic Mass Balance Relationships—Simple Models

Basic Input Characteristics

Input-Output Analysis of Linear Systems

Time Domain Deterministic Models for Complex Water Resource Systems

References

9 Transport Processes

Basic Principles of Water Movement

Methods of Solution of Flow Equations

Mass (Quality) Transport

A Kinetic Model for Sedimentation of Cohesive Sediments

References

10 The Modeling of Streams and Estuaries

Introduction

Overview of Modeling

The Basic Model

Modifications of the Streeter-Phelps Theory

Determination of Parameters

The Dosag I Model

Estuaries

Statistical Analyses of Water Quality Data

Transport of Pollutants Adsorbed on Sediment

Some Modeling Caveats

References

11 Applications of Water Quality Models

Introduction

General Approach to Water Quality Modeling

Application of Dosag I Model

Modeling Effects of Aquatic Weeds

References

12 Lakes and Reservoirs

Characterization of Reservoirs and Lakes

Reservoir Dynamics

Conceptual Representation of a Reservoir

Energy Budget of a Reservoir

Vertical Flow Distribution and Selective Withdrawal

Effects of Stratified Flow on Water Quality

Water Quality Modeling in Lakes

Reservoir Water Quality Predictions

Control of Hypolimnetic Water Quality

References

13 Eutrophication

Definitions

Trophic State

Trophic Index

Factors Affecting Eutrophication

Modeling Eutrophication

Lake Rehabilitation

References

14 Thermal Pollution

Introduction

Overflow versus Completely Mixed Heated Discharges

Cultural Heat Contributions

Effects of Heat on the Environment

Effects of Heat Additions on Aquatic Life

Mechanisms for the Natural Dissipation of Heat

Beneficial Use of Waste Heat

References

15 Mixing Zones and Outfall Design

Introduction

Outfall Design

References

16 Pollutant Movement and Transformation in Soils

Introduction

Pollutant Movement and Transformation Model

Soil Water Movement

Unsaturated Flow in Porous Media

Soil Adsorption

Nitrogen Accumulation and Leaching by Soils

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
684
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143493

About the Author

Peter Krenkel