Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

1st Edition - June 5, 2021

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  • Authors: Kui Jiao, Bowen Wang, Qing Du, Yun Wang, Guobin Zhang, Zirong Yang, Hao Deng, Xu Xie
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323911177
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911160

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Description

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells introduces the main research methods and latest advances in the water and thermal management of PEMFCs. The book introduces the transport mechanism of each component, including modeling methods at different scales, along with practical exercises. Topics include PEMFC fundamentals, working principles and transport mechanisms, characterization tests and diagnostic analysis, the simulation of multiphase transport and electrode kinetics, cell-scale modeling, stack-scale modeling, and system-scale modeling. This volume offers a practical handbook for researchers, students and engineers in the fields of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are high-efficiency and low-emission electrochemical energy conversion devices. Inside the PEMFC complex, physical and chemical processes take place, such as electrochemical reaction, multiphase flow and heat transfer. This book explores these topics, and more.

Key Features

  • Introduces the transport mechanism for each component of PEMFCs
  • Presents modeling methods at different scales, including component, cell, stack and system scales
  • Provides exercises in PEMFC modeling, along with examples of necessary codes
  • Covers the latest advances in PEMFCs in a convenient and structured manner
  • Offers a solution to researchers, students and engineers working on proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Readership

Researchers, advanced students and engineers in the fields of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Introduction 
    1.1 Energy and environmental issues and the roles of PEM fuel cell 
    1.2 Operation principles and fundamentals of PEM fuel cell  
    1.2.1 Operation principle 
    1.2.2 PEM fuel cell structure  
    1.2.3 Thermodynamics  
    1.2.4 Electrochemical reaction kinetics 
    1.2.5 PEM fuel cell performance 
    1.2.6 PEM fuel cell efficiency 
    1.3 Water and thermal management of PEM fuel cell 
    1.3.1 Roles of water and thermal management 
    1.3.2 Current status of water and thermal management 
    Summary  
    Reference  

    Chapter 2: Transport Phenomena in PEM Fuel Cell 

    2.1 Water and heat production and transport in PEM fuel cell 
    2.1.1 States of water in PEM fuel cell 
    2.1.2 Heat generation and transport in PEM fuel cell  
    2.2 Flow field and Bipolar plate 
    2.2.1 Traditional flow field 
    2.2.2 Three-dimensional flow field 
    2.2.3 Porous media flow field  
    2.3 Electrolyte 
    2.3.1 State of water 
    2.3.2 Proton transport 
    2.3.3 Water transport 
    2.3.4 Gas transport  
    2.4 Porous electrode 
    2.4.1 Porous electrode components  
    2.4.2 Diffusion and convection  
    2.4.3 Water phase change  
    2.4.4 Water transport 
    2.4.5 Charge transport 
    Summary  
    Reference  

    Chapter 3: Experimental Characterization and Diagnostics 
    3.1 Overview  
    3.2 Performance characterization 
    3.2.1 Polarization curve 
    3.2.2 Mechanical vibration testing 
    3.2.3 Gravity effects 
    3.2.4 Cold start performance 
    3.2.5 Durability testing 
    3.3 Electrochemical characterization 
    3.3.1 Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)  
    3.3.2 High-frequency resistance (HFR) 
    3.3.3 Current (I) interruption method 
    3.3.4 Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) 
    3.3.5 Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) 
    3.3.6 Carbon monoxide stripping voltammetry 
    3.4 Spatial-distribution characterization 
    3.4.1 Current density distribution 
    3.4.2 Impedance distribution  
    3.4.3 Gas species distribution 
    3.4.4 Temperature distribution 
    3.5 Visualization 
    3.5.1 Optical visualization  
    3.5.2 X-ray radiography 
    3.5.3 Neutron radiography 
    3.5.4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 
    3.6 Material characterization  
    3.6.1 Porosity and permeability 
    3.6.2 Ionic conductivity 
    3.6.3 Microstructure analysis 
    3.6.4 Granularity analysis 
    3.6.5 Elemental analysis 
    Summary  
    Reference  
    Exercises 

    Chapter 4: Multiphase Transport Modeling 
    4.1 Overview  
    4.2 Multiphase flow in flow field 
    4.2.1 Fluid flow in PEM fuel cell 
    4.2.2 Moving interface treatment  
    4.2.3 Lattice Boltzmann (LB) Method in flow field channel 
    4.2.4 Turbulent flow in flow field channel 
    4.3 Multiphase flow modeling in porous electrodes 
    4.3.1 Physical problems in electrodes 
    4.3.2 Electrode microstructure reconstruction 
    4.3.3 VOF method in electrodes 
    4.3.4 LB method in electrodes 
    Summary  
    Reference  
    Exercises 

    Chapter 5: Cell-Level Modeling of PEM Fuel Cell  
    5.1 Overview 
    5.2 Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model 
    5.2.1 Gas/liquid two-phase flow in flow field 
    5.2.2 Transport phenomena in electrodes 
    5.2.3 Water transport in membrane  
    5.2.4 Charge transport  
    5.2.5 Heat transfer  
    5.2.6 Model validation 
    5.2.7 Grid independence test 
    5.2.8 Model implementation  
    5.2.9 Simulation and numerical results  
    5.2.10 Cold start  
    5.3 Reduced-dimensional model 
    5.3.1 1D steady-state model 
    5.3.2 Quasi-2D transient model 
    Summary  
    Reference  
    Exercises 

    Chapter 6: Stack-Level Modeling of PEM Fuel Cell 
    6.1 Overview  
    6.1.1 Stack structure  
    6.1.2 Stack assembly  
    6.1.3 Stack cooling 
    6.1.4 Stack water and thermal management  
    6.2 Stack modeling 
    6.2.1 Stack manifold modeling 
    6.2.2 Stack modeling considering fuel cell structure  
    Summary  
    Reference  
    Exercises 

    Chapter 7: System-Level Modeling of PEM Fuel Cell  
    7.1 Overview 
    7.1.1 Hydrogen production, purification, and storage 
    7.1.2 Gas supply subsystems 
    7.1.3 Humidification subsystem 
    7.1.4 Heat management subsystem 
    7.1.5 Hybrid power system 
    7.2 Auxiliary subsystem modeling 
    7.2.1 Humidifier model 
    7.2.2 Electrochemical hydrogen pump model 
    7.2.3 Air compressor model 
    7.2.4 Radiator model 
    7.2.5 Integrated system model 
    7.3 Thermodynamic analysis  
    7.3.1 Energy analysis  
    7.3.2 Exergy analysis 
    7.4 System control and fault diagnosis 
    7.4.1 Control strategy 
    7.4.2 Fault diagnosis 

    Summary  
    Reference  
    Exercises 

    Chapter 8: Book Summary 

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: June 5, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323911177
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323911160

About the Authors

Kui Jiao

Kui Jiao is a Professor in the State Key Laboratory of Engines at Tianjin University, China. He received his PhD in 2011 from the University of Waterloo, Canada, in the field of mechanical engineering. He has experience in a variety of research fields including fuel cell, thermoelectric generators and turbocharger compressors, and has a special interest in using AI technologies to solve problems in energy. He has published over 100 papers, and received a number of prestigious awards for his work. In addition he has led significant projects in industry and academia, and is Editor of Energy and AI. He serves as Vice President of the Fuel Cell Engine Division, for the Chinese Society of Internal Combustion Engines (CSICE), and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Bowen Wang

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Qing Du

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Yun Wang

Yun Wang received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Mechanics and Engineering Science from Peking University in 1998 and 2001, respectively. He received his Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering Pennsylvania State University. He joined the MAE (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering) faculty at the University of California, Irvine in 2006. He has produced over 80 publications in PEM fuel cell, Li-air battery, and other energy systems, including a book on PEM Fuel Cell Water and Thermal Management Fundamentals in 2013 and Practical Handbook of Thermal Fluid Science (accepted). Dr. Wang served as Track chair/co-chair, session chair/co-chair, conference chair and committee member for many international conferences on fuel cell, thermal energy, and engineering. Dr. Wang received 2018 Reviewer of The Year from the Journal of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage. Dr. Wang is currently Professor at the UC Irvine, ASME fellow, and RSC fellow.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The University of California, Irvine, USA

Guobin Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Zirong Yang

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Hao Deng

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Xu Xie

Fuel Cell Research Scientist in Research and Technology Center Asia Pacific at Bosch (China) Investment Ltd. He received his Ph.D. degree on 2020 in the State Key Laboratory of Engines at Tianjin University, China. His supervisor is Prof. Kui Jiao. His research is mainly related to water/thermal management and bipolar plate optimization in polymer exchange membrane fuel cell. Besides, he has plenty of experiences on experiment, especially freeze start. He has published several SCI papers and written a book as a co-author

Affiliations and Expertise

Fuel Cell Research Scientist, Research and Technology Center Asia Pacific, Bosch (China) Investment Ltd, China

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