Water and Sanitation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121195809, 9781483259321

Water and Sanitation

1st Edition

Economic and Sociological Perspectives

Editors: Peter G. Bourne
eBook ISBN: 9781483259321
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 21st August 1984
Page Count: 314
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Description

Water and Sanitation: Economic and Sociological Perspectives presents the complex interrelationships involved in the development of water resources. This book discusses the global concern about the water problem and examines the issues relating to the worldwide management of water resources. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the increasing recognition of the importance of water in the development of a country. This text then examines the numerous infections related to water supply and sanitation and describes its complex relationships. Other chapters consider the growing realization that women's roles are more than that of passive beneficiaries of water and sanitation projects. This book discusses as well the increasing demand on limited water resource due to the fast-growing population and its insatiable needs. The final chapter deals with the very costly and complicated method of conventional sewerage. This book is a valuable resource for public health engineers and waste technicians.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Foreword

Preface

1 Water and Sanitation for All

The United Nations International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade

The Situation at the Start of the Decade

Financing the Decade

National Programs

Training

Water, Sanitation, and Health

Community Participation

The Private Sector

Small-Scale Appropriate Technology

New Technology

Conclusion

References

2 Infections Related to Water and Excreta: The Health Dimension of the Decade

Health Priorities in the Decade

Classifying Infections Related to Water Supply and Sanitation

Decade-Related Infections

Conclusions: Health and the Decade

References

3 Women and Water

Women as Beneficiaries

Women as Active Participants

Women as Mediators of Change

Conclusions

References

4 Water: A Vital Resource for the Developing World

Global Water Resources

Population

Water Consumption and Use

Domestic Demand

Industrial Water Demand

Water Pollution

Irrigation

Conclusion

References

5 Eradication of Dracunculiasis

The Parasite

The Disease

Impact on Affected Populations

Prevention and Control

The Water and Sanitation Decade: A Special Opportunity

References

6 Role of Water in Economic Development

Global Distribution of Water

Water Quantity and Quality

Role of Water in Development

Agricultural Use

Industrial Use

Hydroelectric Developments

Environmental Impacts of Water Development

Conclusion

References

7 Issues Related to Financing Water and Sanitation for the Developing Countries

Financial Self-Reliance

Looking Inward

Economic Pricing and Self-Financing Schemes

Supportive Software

Summary

References

8 Technology Choices for the Decade

Role and Place of Technology

Faster Progress Needed

Better Continuity

Consumers’ Acceptance

Issues in the Choice of Technology

Guiding Criteria

References

9 Water and Sanitation: Cultural Considerations

Belief Systems regarding Sanitation and Disease

Cultural Factors in Community Participation

Recommendations for Project Success

Conclusion

References

10 Training People to Meet the Global Need

The Global Need

Who and Why?

How Many Need Training?

What Kind of Training?

Training of Policymakers

Training of Professionals

Training of Subprofessionals

Training of the Community

Points to Ponder

References

11 Community Participation: Neither Panacea nor Myth

What Is Meant by Community Participation?

Community Participation in the Decade

The Water-Sanitation-Education Triangle

An Example: Community Participation in Colombia

Evaluation of the Community's Potential to Participate

The Need for National Planning and Support

The Costs and Benefits of Community Participation

References

12 Economic Growth, Health, and Physical Weil-Being, 1970-1980

Common Hypotheses

Sanitation

Water Service Data

Basic Indicators

Methods

General Associations

National and Regional Anomalies

References

13 Viable Low-Cost Sanitation Options

Special Considerations for Developing Countries

Criteria for Excreta Disposal Systems in Developing Countries

Description of Systems

Implementation

Index

Details

No. of pages:
314
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483259321

About the Editor

Peter G. Bourne