Waste Minimization and Cost Reduction for the Process Industries

Waste Minimization and Cost Reduction for the Process Industries

1st Edition - December 31, 1995

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  • Author: Paul N. Cheremisinoff
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815519522

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Description

The purpose of this book is to provide a base of information and analysis to assist in implementation of the policy of reducing and/or minimizing hazardous waste generation in manufacturing and more specifically in the process industries. What is the significance of reducing the generation of all process wastes? This book examines the technical nature of waste reduction and the extent to which waste reduction can likely be implemented. Also explored is the extent to which technology itself, as well as information and resources, is a barrier to waste reduction. In what ways are waste reduction decisions dependent on specific circumstances? Can the amount of feasible waste reduction be estimated? Auditing of manufacturing and unit operations and processes are particularly significant and useful in the chemical process industries (food, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, fertilizer, petrochemicals, etc.) since it is estimated that these industries account for more than half of the hazardous wastes generated. This book presents a compilation of complete information on potential sources of waste loss or generation through technical inspection. Also presented are calculation methods for determining air-waste-solid wastes material balances, informational requirements and waste reduction analysis.The reader should find the book useful in the areas of auditing and waste minimization. It is replete with useful information as well as specific case histories, which should make it a practical tool for the user.

Readership

Chemical process industries (food, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, fertilizer, petrochemicals, etc.)

Table of Contents

  • 1. Waste Reduction
    Background
    Objectives
    Prevention and Control
    International Dimensions
    Waste Reduction Methods
    Broad Approaches to Waste Reduction
    Waste Reduction Examples
    Waste Reduction Decisions
    Technology and Information
    How Much Waste Reduction
    Waste Reduction Data
    Information Needs
    Waste Reduction Information
    Measure Waste Reduction
    Hazardous Waste Reduction
    International Perspective
    2. Auditing
    Environmental Factors and Audit Summary Checklist
    Overview
    3. Waste Minimization Data/Information Requirements
    Getting Started
    List Process Steps and Identify Wasteful Streams
    Analyzing Process Steps - Preparing Process Flow Charts
    Material and Energy Balances
    Technical Feasibility
    Environmental Aspects
    Implementation Solutions
    Monitor and Evaluate Results
    Audit Studies
    Identification Required of Water Pollution Sources for Waste Reduction/Minimization Potentials
    4. Estimating Releases to the Environment
    Data to be Determined
    Sources of Wastes/Releases
    Overview of Analysis
    Definitions of Major Approaches
    Observations on the Use of Data
    Approach to Use
    Estimating Releases to Air
    Sources of Release to Air and Release Estimation Methods
    Estimating Releases in Wastewater
    Sources of Wastewater and Methods for its Disposal
    Sources and Disposal Methods for Solid, Slurry and Nonaqueous Liquid Wastes
    Methods for Calculating Releases in Solid, Slurry and Nonaqueous Liquid Wastes
    5. Waste Questionnaires - Water Control Checklist
    Model Questionnaires
    Environmentallly Safe Layout for Manufacturing Units
    Guidelines to Minimize Material Losses and Wastes
    6. Analysis of Process Chemistry Example Processes
    Acetic Adic by Methanol Carbonylation
    Acetalaldehyde by Liquid-Phae Ethylene Oxidation
    Process Descriptions for Oxidizing Ethylene to Acetalaldehyde
    Process Chemistry
    7. Industry Profile - Fertilizers
    Introduction
    Manufacturing Processes
    Generation of Impurities and Pollutants
    Pollutant Parameters - Effects
    Abatement of Pollution
    8. Treatment of Effluent Fertilizer Industry Example
    Nitrogenous Pollutants
    Ammoniacal Nitrogen
    Organic Nitrogen
    Oxidized Nitrogen
    Other Constituents
    Recovery, Reuse and Recycle in the Process
    Housekeeping
    Separation Technologies for Removal of Organic and Pesticidal Chemicals from Wastewater
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1995
  • Published: December 31, 1995
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815519522

About the Author

Paul N. Cheremisinoff

Affiliations and Expertise

United States Agency for International Development

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