Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery

Integrating Biorefineries for Waste Valorisation

1st Edition - March 13, 2020

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  • Editors: Thallada Bhaskar, Ashok Pandey, Eldon Rene, Daniel Tsang
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128182284
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128182291

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Waste Biorefinery: Integrating Biorefineries for Waste Valorisation provides the various options available for several renewable waste streams. The book includes scientific and technical information pertaining to the most advanced and innovative processing technologies used for the conversion of biogenic waste to biofuels, energy products and biochemicals. In addition, the book reports on recent developments and new achievements in the field of biochemical and thermo-chemical methods and the necessities and potential generated by different kinds of biomass in presumably more decentralized biorefineries. The book presents an assortment of case-studies from developing and developed countries pertaining to the use of sustainable technologies for energy recovery from different waste matrices. Advantages and limitations of different technologies are also discussed by considering the local energy demands, government policies, environmental impacts, and education in bioenergy.

Key Features

  • Provides information on the most advanced and innovative processes for biomass conversion
  • Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes and products development on the principles of biorefinery
  • Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels, energy products and biochemicals
  • Demonstrates the application of various processes with proven case studies


Chemists, chemical engineers, biochemical engineers, microbiologists, and biotechnologists working in academic institutes, research institutes, and industries; policy experts and governmental agencies

Table of Contents

  • I General
    1. Waste carbon resources for waste biorefinery: strategies for sustainable recycling
    2. Sustainable development goals (SDGs) and role of waste biorefinery
    3. Energy and Environment
    4. Advances in Conversion processes for complex feeds/streams - Physical and mechanical - Biochemical - Thermo-chemical

    II Integrated Biorefineries/Waste Valorization
    5. Food waste biorefinery - Collection systems - Components and composition (e.g., Food, cooking oil, outdated food etc.) - Conversion methods (e.g., Thermochemical and biochemical) - Products that can be obtained (e.g., Ethanol, biogas, biodiesel, biojet, etc) - Utilization of products and limitations
    6. Case study: Food waste biorefinery (the following will become independent chapters) 6 a. Japan 6 b. USA 6 c. Germany
    7. Case study: Edible crop biorefinery (the following will be independent chapters) 7 a. USA 7 b. Germany, France, Spain, some European country 7 c. Brazil
    8. Municipal solid waste biorefinery - Collection, segregaration - Pretreatment - Composition and properties - Conversion methods (eg. Biochemical and thermochemical etc.) - Products and applications (eg. Methane, biogas etc.) - Possibility of integration
    9. Case studies for MSW biorefinery (the following may become independent chapters) 9 a. China 9 b. Europe
    10. Sewage sludge biorefinery - Composition - Pretreatment methods - Feedstock properties and requirement as per process - Anaerobic digestion - Aerobic digestion - Energy recovery - Waste water issues (eg. Treatment and reuse) - Sludge disposal
    11. Case study of sewage sludge biorefinery (the following will become independent chapters) 11.a USA 11b. Europe 11c. Japan
    12. Pulp and Paper biorefinery - Paper production and its feedstocks - Paper production waste streams utilization - Waste streams – lignin etc., - Various lignin streams – process by which they are obtained its physic chemical characteristics - Products (eg. Heat, electricity, fuels, chemicals, others etc.,) - Cost economics
    13. Aquatic biorefinery : Azolla, water hyacinth - Availability - Feed properties - Biochemical - Thermochemical - Hybrid processes

    III Associated studies
    14. Biorefinery emissions (e.g., Greenhouse gases, LUC, ILUC, LCS, etc.)
    15. Techno-economic studies
    16. Life-Cycle Analysis: Present status and challenges
    17. Footprints (e.g., Carbon and water, etc.)
    18. Balances (e.g., Energy and exergy, etc)
    19. Supply chain optimization

Product details

  • No. of pages: 756
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: March 13, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128182284
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128182291

About the Editors

Thallada Bhaskar

Thallada Bhaskar
Dr Thallada Bhaskar, Senior Scientist, is currently heading the Thermo-catalytic Processes Area, Bio-Fuels Division (BFD) at CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, India. He received Ph D for his work at CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) from Osmania University, Hyderabad in the year 1999. He carried out Postdoctoral Research at Okayama University, Okayama, Japan after which he joined as Research Assistant Professor and taught catalysis, chemical kinetics and thermodynamics for ~7 years. He has about 90 publications in journals of international repute, contributed 10 book chapters to renowned publishers (ACS, Elsevier, Woodhead Publishing, CRC Press etc) and 11 patents to his in his field of expertise in addition to 250 national and international symposia presentations. His 20 years of research experience cover various fields of science revolving around his expertise in heterogeneous catalysis thermo-chemical conversion of biomass, waste plastics and e-waste plastics into value added hydrocarbons. He has prepared several catalysts and thrown a light on the structure activity relationships of novel catalytic materials for hydrotreatment of fossil based crudes. His contributions to the field of sustainable hydrocarbons are in the form of process knowhow and catalyst developments. His patents and publications discuss crucial points encompassing wide areas of thermo-catalytic conversion like pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction for biomass (agricultural, forest residues and aquatic biomass) and plastic waste (industrial and e-waste) conversion. In addition he worked on developing micro-channel reactors for several chemical reactions and separation processes. His other interests include utilization of non-conventional energies for the sustainable production of hydrocarbons utilizing the polymeric wastes available which will make the thermo-chemical methods of conversion more energy efficient. In view of his expertise, he is on the editorial board of 2 international peer reviewed journals and expert member of several committees. He received the Distinguished Researcher award from AIST (2013), Japan and Most Progressive Researcher award from FSRJ, Japan (2008). He is also the Fellow of Biotech Research Society of India and member of the Governing Council. He received the Raman Research Fellowship for the year 2013-14. He was also a JSPS Visiting Scientist to Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan during 2009. He has carried out several research projects with great success with national and international collaborators. He has organized several international symposia in India and abroad in this area and visited several countries to deliver invited/ plenary lectures.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist, Thermo-catalytic Processes Area, Bio-Fuels Division (BFD), CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, India

Ashok Pandey

Ashok Pandey
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at the Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Executive Director (Honorary) at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability – India. Formerly, he was Eminent Scientist at the Center of Innovative and Applied Bioprocessing, Mohali and Chief Scientist & Head of Biotechnology Division and Centre for Biofuels at CSIR’s National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum. His major research and technological development interests are industrial & environmental biotechnology and energy biosciences, focusing on biomass to biofuels & chemicals, waste to wealth & energy, industrial enzymes, etc. Professor Pandey is Adjunct/Visiting Professor/Scientist in universities in France, Brazil, Canada, China, Korea, South Africa, and Switzerland and also in several universities several in India. He has ~1425 publications/communications, which include 16 patents, 90 books, >700 papers and book chapters, etc with h index of 105 and ~48,800 citations (Goggle scholar). He has transferred several technologies to industries and has done industrial consultancy for about a dozen projects for Indian/international industries. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and honours, which include Highest Cited Researcher (Top 1% in the world), Clarivate Analytics, Web of Science (2020, 2019 & 2018); Top scientist in Biotechnology (#1 in India and #8 in the world), Stanford University world ranking (2020); Fellow, World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies (2020); Fellow, Indian Chemical Society (2020); Distinguished Scientist, VDGOOD Professional Association, India (2020); Distinguished Professor of Eminence with global impact in the area of Biotechnology, Precious Cornerstone University, Nigeria (2020); IconSWM Life-time Achievement Award 2019, International Society for Solid Waste Management, KIIT, Bhubaneshwar, India (2019); Yonsei Outstanding Scholar, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea (2019); Life-Time Achievement Award from the Biotech Research Society, India (2018); Life-Time Achievement Award from Venus International Research Awards (2018), Most Outstanding Researcher Award from Career360 (2018), Life-Time Achievement Award from the International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2017); Fellow, Royal Society of Biology, UK (2016); Felow, International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (2016); Academician of European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria (2015); Fellow, National Academy of Sciences, India (2012); Fellow, Association of Microbiologists of India (2008); Honorary Doctorate degree from Univesite Blaise Pascal, France (2007); Fellow, International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2007); Thomson Scientific India Citation Laureate Award, USA (2006); Fellow, the Biotech Research Society, India (2005); UNESCO Professor (2000); Raman Research Fellowship Award, CSIR (1995); GBF, Germany and CNRS, France Fellowships (1992) and Young Scientist Award (1989), etc. Professor Pandey is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (www.brsi.in); Founder & International Coordinator of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (www.ifibiop.org), Chairman of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (www.isees.in), Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology (http://ees.elsevier.com/bite/), Honorary Executive Advisor of Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability (www.jees.in), Journal of Systems Microbiology and Biomanufacturing (https://www.springer.com/journal/43393), Journal of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (http://neerijese.org/editorial-board/), Subject Editor, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India (https://www.springer.com/life+sciences/journal/40011) and Associate Editor, Biologia – Section Cellular and Molecular Biology (https://www.springer.com/journal/11756/editors) and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Scientist, Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India

Eldon Rene

Eldon R. Rene is Senior Lecturer at IHE-Delft, Institute of Water Education, The Netherlands. He has a PhD in Chemical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (India). Eldon’s broad research interests are related to the development of biological treatment processes for wastewater and waste-gas treatment, resource recovery, and the use of artificial intelligence tools for environmental monitoring and environmental process control. He is the Managing Editor of the journal ‘’Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology’’, the Associate Editor of ‘’Journal of Environmental Engineering (ASCE)’’ and the editorial board of ‘’Bioresource Technology Reports’’. He has over 250 publications and conference communications, which include 2 books, 160 original and review papers, 26 book chapters, 10 journal special issues and 7 conference monographs. Eldon is the two time recipient of the ‘’Young Scientist Award’’ conferred by the Challenges in Environmental Science and Engineering Conference (CESE) organizers in Sydney (Australia) and Kaohsiung (Taiwan), respectively. Previously, for his post-doctoral research stays, he was awarded the ‘’Juan de la Cierva’’ fellowship by the Ministry of Science and Innovation (Spain), and the ‘’Brain Korea 20 (BK20) Fellowship’’ from the South Korean government. For the years 2018 and 2019, he has recently been awarded the Research Fund for International Young Scientists by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). As a part of his educational campaign and capacity building activities on improving scientific writing skills for non-english speaking researchers, he regularly conducts scientific writing workshop at major conferences, especially, if they are held in developing countries. Since 2016, he has taught more than 700 MS, PhD students and young staff members during specialized events/workshops. He is also affiliated as a life member at the International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses (IFIBiop).

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Technology, IHE-Delft Institute for Water Education, Delft, The Netherlands

Daniel Tsang

Prof. Dan Tsang is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Visiting Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia and Chulalongkorn University in Thailand. He was a Visiting Scholar at Ghent University in Belgium and Stanford University in the U.S., Senior Lecturer at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, and Post-doctoral Fellow at Imperial College London in the U.K. and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Dan’s research group strives to develop low-carbon technologies to promote a circular economy, sustainable waste management, and long-term decarbonization. Dan has published more than 500 papers in top 10% journals and served as Associate Editor and Editorial Board Member in several prestigious journals. He was selected as a Highly Cited Researcher in 2021 in the academic fields of Engineering as well as Environment and Ecology. Dan also served as Chair and Organizer of many international conferences such as 5th Asia Pacific Biochar Conference (APBC2021). https://www.dan-tsang.com/

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and MSc Programme Leader, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

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