Waste and Biodiesel

Waste and Biodiesel

Feedstocks and Precursors for Catalysts

1st Edition - February 28, 2022

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  • Editors: Bhaskar Singh, Abhishek Guldhe
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128242315
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128239582

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Description

Waste and Biodiesel: Feedstocks and Precursors for Catalysts is a comprehensive reference on waste material utilization at various stages of the biodiesel production process. The book discusses the technologies for converting cooking oil and waste animal fats to biodiesel, along with the efficacy of municipal waste derived lipids in biodiesel production. The use of wastewater-grown microalgae feedstock, oleaginous fungi, bacteria and yeast produced using waste substrate are also discussed. The use of various catalysts is addressed, including CaO derived from waste shell materials, fish and animal waste, inorganic waste materials like red mud and cement waste, and whole cell enzymes using waste substrate. Each chapter addresses the challenges of high production costs at a pilot and industrial scale, offering methods of cost reduction and waste remediation.  This book is a valuable resource for researchers and industry professionals in environmental science, energy and renewable energy.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive assessment of waste for biodiesel production, including novel feedstocks such as waste cooking oil, animal fats and municipal waste
  • Discusses the synthesis of cost-effective catalysts from various waste materials such as animal bones, fish scales, shells, red mud and cement waste
  • Presents multiple methods of cost reduction in biodiesel production, e.g., by utilizing waste as a nutrient source for oleaginous algae and fungi

Readership

Researchers and industry professionals involved in renewable energy, energy, environmental science, chemistry, chemical engineering. PhD students involved in biofuels and waste

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 Biodiesel and an overview of waste utilization at the various production stages
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Biodiesel production process
  • 1.3 Integration of waste into biodiesel production process
  • 1.4 Waste material as feedstock
  • 1.5 Feedstocks generated using waste material
  • 1.6 Challenges and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Prospects of biodiesel production from waste animal fats
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Biodiesel production from waste animal fats
  • 2.3 Transesterification of waste animal fat to biodiesel
  • 2.4 Technoeconomic feasibility of biodiesel production from waste animal fats
  • 2.5 Challenges/recent studies for large-scale production of biodiesel from waste animal fats via transesterification
  • Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Efficacy of municipal waste derived lipids in production of biodiesel
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Overview of lipids/biodiesel production from municipal solid waste reported in literature
  • 3.3 Types of municipal solid waste available for biodiesel production
  • 3.4 Waste-to-energy conversion techniques
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Wastewater grown microalgae feedstock for biodiesel production
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Assimilation mechanism of nutrients by microalgae
  • 4.3 Feasibility and potential of wastewater based microalgal cultivation
  • 4.4 Challenges for biodiesel production
  • 4.5 Biorefinery approach for biodiesel production from wastewater grown microalgae
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Biodiesel from oleaginous fungi, bacteria, and yeast produced using waste substrates
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Oleaginous microorganisms
  • 5.3 Technologies involved in biodiesel
  • 5.4 Challenges and perspectives
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6 CaO derived from waste shell materials as catalysts in synthesis of biodiesel
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 CaO derived from plant residues
  • 6.3 CaO derived from animal waste
  • 6.4 CaO derived from mineral waste
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Fish and animal waste as catalysts for biodiesel synthesis
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Sources of fish and animal waste-based catalyst
  • 7.3 Preparation of fish and animal waste-based catalyst
  • 7.4 Transesterification kinetics of waste-derived heterogeneous catalysts
  • 7.5 Current status of fish and animal waste-based catalyst
  • 7.6 Remarks on process feasibility and greenness
  • 7.7 Scaling-up: opportunities and limitations
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Inorganic wastes as heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Inorganic wastes
  • Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Whole cell enzyme catalyst production using waste substrate for application in production of biodiesel
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Transesterification - conventional and emergent strategies
  • 9.3 Whole-cell biocatalysts - advantages and limitations
  • 9.4 Organisms as whole-cell biocatalyst
  • 9.5 Industrial waste as potential feedstock/nutrient medium for whole-cell enzyme catalysts production
  • 9.6 Other potential sources for whole-cell biocatalyst production
  • 9.7 Stabilization and optimization of whole-cell biocatalyst for biodiesel production
  • 9.8 Genetic and metabolic engineering of whole-cell biocatalyst for biodiesel production
  • Concluding remarks and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Process integration for the biodiesel production from biomitigation of flue gases
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Flue gas mitigation by microbial species
  • 10.3 Process intensification study for biodiesel production
  • Conclusion and future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Bio-waste as an alternative feedstock for biodiesel production: Current status and legal environmental impacts
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • Reference
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 268
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 28, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128242315
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128239582

About the Editors

Bhaskar Singh

Dr. Bhaskar Singh received his Ph.D. from the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi, UP, India, in 2010. He also holds an M. Phil. from Pondicherry (Central) University, India, with a gold medal (2006). He is currently serving as an Assistant Professor at the Centre for Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India. Dr. Singh is currently engaged in teaching in the thrust areas of environmental sciences like environmental earth science, natural resources, environmental chemistry, environmental pollution monitoring and, control technologies, etc. He is a reviewer of several international journals, viz., Fuel, Renewable Energy, and Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. His current interests lie in the application of algal biomass for biodiesel synthesis, development of heterogeneous and green catalysts, and corrosion aspects of biodiesel fuel. He has published more than 40 research and review papers in peer-reviewed and high-impact international journals and 14 book chapters by international publishers. He has co-edited & co-authored 3 books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Centre for Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India

Abhishek Guldhe

Dr. Abhishek Guldhe was awarded Ph.D. in 2015 from the Institute for Water and Wastewater Technology at Durban University of Technology. His doctoral project was entitled “Biodiesel production from microalgae by enzymatic transesterification”. He was awarded the prestigious Ramalingaswami Re-entry Fellowship of Department of Biotechnology by the Government of India in 2019. He teaches courses on various subjects of Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology. His research focus area is microalgal biotechnology for biofuels, fertilizers and bioactive compounds application. He has published his research work extensively in reputed journals, book chapters and presented in international conferences. He has published 33 journal articles in peer reviewed journals and 7 book chapters with esteem publishers like Elsevier, Springer, and American Chemical Society. His published research work has garnered interest from researchers across the globe with over 1666 citations and h index of 23.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ramalingaswami Fellow, Department of Environmental Science, Central University of Jharkhan, Ranchi, India

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