VLSI in Medicine

VLSI in Medicine

1st Edition - November 28, 1988

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  • Editors: Norman G. Einspruch, Robert D. Gold
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217833

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VLSI Electronics Microstructure Science, Volume 17: VLSI in Medicine deals with the more important applications of VLSI in medical devices and instruments. This volume is comprised of 11 chapters. It begins with an article about medical electronics. The following three chapters cover diagnostic imaging, focusing on such medical devices as magnetic resonance imaging, neurometric analyzer, and ultrasound. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 present the impact of VLSI in cardiology. The electrocardiograph, implantable cardiac pacemaker, and the use of VLSI in Holter monitoring are detailed in these chapters. The neurostimulator is described in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 discusses both implantable and external drug infusion pumps and describes the use of VLSI in a particular external pump. The last two chapters cover topics that apply to the entire field of medical electronics. Engineers, scientists, medical practitioners and researchers will find the book very useful.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Chapter 1 Electronics in Medicine

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Medical Products

    III. Special Aspects of Medical Electronics

    IV. VLSI Devices for Medical Applications

    V. Conclusion


    Chapter 2 Diagnostic Imaging — Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    I. Introduction

    II. Clinical Significance

    III. Basic Principles

    IV. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Computer Requirements

    V. Image Acquisition

    VI. Unique Computer System Architecture for Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    VII. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Pulse Sequence Control Computer

    VII. Data Acquisition and Display Dual-Computer Architecture

    IX. Design Alternatives

    X. The MicroVAX II in a Dual-Computer Architecture for Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    XI. The MicroVAX II CPU Board

    XII. The 78032 Single-Chip VAX

    XIII. Future Developments


    Chapter 3 A Neurometric Analyzer: VLSI and the Brain

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamental Characteristics of the Nervous System

    III. Electrical Activity as a Correlate of Physiology

    IV. Types of Information That Can Be Gathered

    V. System Requirements to Gather and Analyze Physiologic Data

    VI. Data Storage and Recall

    VII. Data Analysis

    VIII. Unique Aspects of Data Acquisition Affecting Hardware Development

    IX. Division of Functions Among Coprocessors

    X. Data Acquisition Design

    XI. Graphics Design

    XII. Input/Output Design

    XIII. Auxiliary Inputs and Outputs

    XIV. Utilization of the IBM AT Computer

    XV. Programming Considerations

    XVI. Conclusion

    Chapter 4 VLSI in Ultrasonic Imaging

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Perspective

    III. A Basic Imaging System

    IV. Medical Ultrasound Markets

    V. Technologies

    VI. VLSI Opportunities

    VII. The Future

    VIII. Conclusion


    Chapter 5 VLSI in Electrocardiography

    I. Introduction to the Electrocardiograph

    II. Typical Microcomputer-Based Cardiographs

    III. A Portable Analyzing Electrocardiograph

    IV. The Impact of VLSI on the Production Floor

    V. Promising VLSI

    VI. A Design Philosophy for the World of DRGs and Modest Production Volumes

    VI. Next

    Chapter 6 VLSI in Holter Monitoring

    I. Introduction

    II. System Architecture

    III. Signal Processing Requirements

    IV. Recorder Processor

    V. Playback Drive Interface

    VI. Data Acquisition and Processing

    VII. High-Speed Coprocessor

    VIII. Summary

    Chapter 7 Cardiac Pacemakers

    I. History and Function of the Pacemaker

    II. Application of VLSI Technology to Cardiac Pacing

    III. VLSI Integrated-Circuit Configuration for Pacer Applications

    IV. Special Considerations for Pacer Design

    V. Testing and Packaging


    Chapter 8 Neural Stimulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Neural Stimulation

    III. Product Evolution

    IV. Design Philosophy

    V. The VLSI Microcomputer

    VI. Developmental Process

    VII. Special Testing Requirements

    VIII. Electronic Packaging


    Chapter 9 Infusion Pumps

    I. Introduction

    II. Infusion Therapy

    III. Types of Electronic Infusion Devices

    IV. System Design—VLSI Advantages

    V. Application of VLSI in an External Infusion Pump

    VI. Trends in Infusion Therapy and Devices


    Chapter 10 VLSI Sensors in Medicine

    I. Introduction

    II. Sensor Evolution and Revolution

    III. Special Technologies for Integrated Sensors

    IV. Technology Choices and Circuit Techniques

    V. Examples of Emerging Biomedical Sensors

    VI. Specific Examples

    VII. Conclusions


    Chapter 11 Safety and Reliability Considerations for VLSI in Medical Electronics

    I. Introduction

    II. Standards in Product Design

    III. Designing for Reliability: Hardware

    IV. Designing for Reliability: Software



Product details

  • No. of pages: 282
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1988
  • Published: November 28, 1988
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217833

About the Editors

Norman G. Einspruch

Robert D. Gold

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