Visual Information Processing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121701505, 9781483260877

Visual Information Processing

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, Held at the Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 19, 1972

Editors: William G. Chase
eBook ISBN: 9781483260877
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 572
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Description

Visual Information Processing documents the Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition, held at the Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on May 19, 1972. This book compiles papers on the results from ongoing, programmatic research projects that aim to develop information processing models of cognition. The role of visual processes in cognition and language comprehension and explicit computer simulation of the memory-scanning task are discussed in detail. Other topics include the chronometrie studies of the rotation of mental images; function of visual imagery in elementary mathematics; and semantic prerequisites for comprehension. The production system for counting, subitizing, and adding; visual processes in linguistic comprehension; and models of control structures are also deliberated. This publication is a good source for students and researchers interested in images.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Part I. Visual Processes in Cognition

Chapter 1. Quantification Processes

Quantification Operators

Experiment I

Experiment II

Experiment III

Quantification Models

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 2. Coordination of Internal Codes

Encoding

Search of Active Memory

Rehearsal and Translation

Visual and Kinesthetic (Haptic) Codes

Conclusions

Chapter 3. Chronometrie Studies of the Rotation of Mental Images

Introduction and Background

Review of Preceding Reaction-Time Studies of Mental Rotation

Experiment I: Determination of the Times Required to Prepare for and to Respond to a Rotated Stimulus

Experiment II: Demonstration of a Correspondence between an Imagined and an Actual Rotation

Conclusions

Chapter 4. On the Function of Visual Imagery in Elementary Mathematics

Study 1

Study 2

Study 3

Study 4

Studies 5 and 6

Study 7

Study 8

Conclusions

Chapters 5. The Mind's Eye in Chess

Experiments on Chess Perception

An Information Processing Theory

Further Experiments on Chess Skill

Cognitive Processes in Chess

Conclusion

Chapter 6. You Can't Play 20 Questions with Nature and Win: Projective Comments on the Papers of this Symposium

Detection

Diagnosis

Prognosis

Conclusion

Part II. Visual Processes in Linguistic Comprehension

Chapter 7. On the Meeting of Semantics and Perception

Three Hypotheses

Negatives

Locatives

Comparatives

Spatial Adjectives

Concluding Remarks

Chapter 8. Considerations of Some Problems of Comprehension

Comprehension as a Process of Creating Semantic Products

Semantic Prerequisites for Comprehension

Alternative Contexts

Towards a Schematic Characterization of the Problem of Comprehension

Concluding Comments

Chapter 9. Discussion of the Papers by Bransford and Johnson; and Clark, Carpenter, and Just: Language and Cognition

Clark, Carpenter, and Just

Bransford and Johnson

Cognitive Strategies

Part III. Information Processing Models

Chapter 10. Production Systems: Models of Control Structures

PSG: A Particular Production System

The Sternberg Paradigm

The Decoding Hypothesis

Applications of the Theory

Conclusion

Chapter 11. A Production System for Counting, Subitizing, and Adding

Productions Systems: A Theory and Language for Process Models

Subitizing

Addition

Counting

Conclusion

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
572
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483260877

About the Editor

William G. Chase