Vistas in Astronomy

Vistas in Astronomy

Solar-Terrestrial Relations, Geophysics, Planetary System, Stellar Astronomy, Photometry, Spectroscopy, Spectral Peculiarities and Novae, Galaxies, Cosmogony and Cosmology

1st Edition - January 1, 1956

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  • Editor: Arthur Beer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223704

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Vistas in Astronomy, Volume 2 covers the spectacular and interesting developments in the field of astronomy. This volume is organized into six parts encompassing 59 chapters that specifically explore solar-terrestrial relations, geophysics, planetary system, stellar astronomy, photometry, and spectroscopy. The first part deals with the events in the ionosphere, the absorption of radio waves in the ionosphere, solar flares, and cosmic rays. The second part reviews the geophysical aspects of astronomy, particularly Earth's atmosphere, the ozone layer, and the morphology of geomagnetic storms and bays. The third part examines the status of planetary system research concerning the minor planets, comets, and meteors, while the fourth part highlights research works on stars. The last two parts are devoted to the application of photometry and spectroscopy in delineating certain aspects of astronomy, including galactic cluster, eclipse, and stellar temperatures and luminosity. This book will be of value to astronomers, astrophysicists, geophysicists, and workers and researchers in the allied fields.

Table of Contents

  • 8. Solar-Terrestrial Relations

    Regularities and Irregularities in the Ionosphere

    The Microscopic Mechanism for the Absorption of Radio Waves in the Ionosphere

    Solar Flares

    M-Regions and Solar Activity

    The Corpuscular Radiation of the Sun

    Cosmic Rays and the Sun

    9. Geophysics

    Non-seasonal Changes in the Earth's Rotation

    Seasonal Fluctuations in the Rate of Rotation of the Earth

    The Thickness of the Continents

    Some Techniques for Locating Thunderstorms from a Single Observing Station

    The Abundance of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Its Isotopes

    The Infra-Red Spectrum of the Earth's Atmosphere

    The Ozone Layer: an Investigation of the 9.6μ Ozone Band in the Telluric Spectrum

    Atmospheric Ozone Near the North Pole

    Research in the Upper Atmosphere with High Latitude Sounding Rockets

    The Morphology of Geomagnetic Storms and Bays: a General Review

    The Airglow

    10. Planetary System

    Current Trends in Minor Planet Research

    On the Present Situation in Cometary Research

    The Spectra of the Comets

    The Harvard Photographic Meteor Programme

    On the Evolution of the Meteor Streams

    The Zodiacal Light

    11. Stellar Astronomy

    Recent Advances in Positional Astronomy

    On the Increase of the Accuracy of Fundamental Declinations

    The Distances of the Stars: a Historical Review

    Fifty Years of Trigonometrical Parallaxes

    The Internal Accuracy of the Yale Parallaxes

    The Visual Binaries

    Planetary Companions of Stars

    White Dwarfs and Degenerate Stars

    The Dimensions of Omega Centauri

    On the Groups of Diffuse Emission Nebulae

    The Problem of Hagen's Clouds

    Interstellar Dust

    Interstellar Polarization

    12. Photometry

    Monochromatic Magnitudes

    The Cape Magnitudes and their Relationship to the International System

    The Zero-Point in Stellar Photometry

    Photographic Photometry of the Hyades

    Note on the Diameters of Photovisual Star Images

    The Galactic Cluster M29 (NGC 6913)

    A Contribution to the Problem of the Classification of Variable Stars

    Population II Cepheids of the Galaxy

    Spectrophotometry Observations of Cepheids at Arcetri

    The Problem of RR Lyrae Stars with Several Periods

    Photographic Light Curve of Eta Carinae

    Eclipsing Variable Stars: a Survey of the Field

    Eclipsing Variables in the Magellanic Clouds

    On Finding the Apsidal Period of an Eclipsing Binary

    Photometric Effects of Gaseous Envelopes in Close Eclipsing Binaries

    Statistics and Recent Results on Eclipsing Binaries

    13. Spectroscopy

    Atomic Spectra—their Role in Astrophysics

    Methods in Stellar Spectroscopy

    The Quantitative Chemical Analysis of Early-Type Stars

    The Technique and Possibilities of Astronomical Spectrophotometry

    The Continuous Spectrum

    The Problem of Stellar Temperatures

    New Spectral Classifications with Two or Three Parameters

    Two-Dimensional Spectral Classification of F Stars through Photoelectric Photometry with Interference Filters

    Luminosities of the B Stars from Spectroscopic Measurements

    Luminosity Classification of Stars of Late Spectral Type from Spectra of Moderate dispersion

    Objective Prism Spectra of Relatively Cool Stars in the Near Infrared

    14. Spectral Peculiarities and Novae

    Spectroscopic Phenomena in the System of Algol

    Stars with Expanding Atmospheres

    Shells Around P Cygni Stars

    The Masses of Spectroscopic Binaries

    Evidence for and against Binary Hypotheses of the Blue-Red Erupting Stars

    Observational Results on Variable Stars with Composite Spectra

    The Peculiar A Stars

    The Carbon Stars—an Astrophysical Enigma

    Celestial Emission Line Objects of Early Type

    Emission Lines and Stellar Atmospheres

    Identification of Emission Lines in the Spectra of Wolf-Ravet Stars

    Gamma Cassiopeiae

    The Spectra of Novae

    The Mechanism of Ejection of Matter from Novae

    On the Nature of Physical Processes Underlying the Nova Phenomenon

    Novae Observed

    On the Relics of Super-Novae

    15. Galaxies

    An Analysis of the Milky Way

    Milky Way Structure in Sagittarius and Carina; a Study in Contrasts

    Infra-Red Photography in the Milky Way, Particularly in Sagittarius

    The Great Nebulae of the Southern Sky

    Galactic and Extragalactic Studies at the Harvard Observatory

    The Distribution of the Galaxies

    The Distribution of Bright Galaxies and the Local Supergalaxy

    On Metagalactic Distance-Indicators

    Red-Shifts in the Spectra of Extragalactic Nebulae

    16. Cosmogony and Cosmology

    The Origin of the Satellites and the Trojans

    The Origin and Significance of the Moon's Surface

    The Frequency of Meteorite Falls throughout the Ages

    The Essential Nature of Accretion

    On the Production of Groups of O- and B-Stars by Accretion

    The Effect of Galactic Rotation on Accretion by Main Sequence Stars

    On the Origin of Double Stars

    On the Evolution of Stellar Systems


    The Physics of the Expanding Universe

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 542
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1956
  • Published: January 1, 1956
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223704

About the Editor

Arthur Beer

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