Viroids and Satellites

Viroids and Satellites

1st Edition - July 18, 2017

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  • Editors: Ahmed Hadidi, Ricardo Flores, John Randles, Peter Palukaitis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128017029
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128014981

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Viroids and Satellites describes plant diseases and their causal agents while also addressing the economic impact of these diseases. The book discusses various strategies for state-of-the-art methods for the detection and control of pathogens in their infected hosts and provides pivotal information from the discovery of viroids through the analysis of their molecular and biological properties, to viroid pathogenesis, host interactions, and RNA silencing pathways. Students, researchers and regulators will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the topics presented.

Key Features

  • Provides coverage of the basic biological properties of disease, along with applied knowledge
  • Features economic impacts, transmission, geographical distribution, epidemiology, detection, and control within each chapter
  • Organizes viroid diseases by viroid taxonomy and viroid species


Researchers in basic and applied plant virology, plant pathology, microbiology, genetics and molecular biology, biological control, ecology, and related aspects of plant science; upper-level graduate students of plant virology

Table of Contents


    Part I Viroids: Economic Significance
    1. Economic significance of viroids in vegetable and field crops
    2. Economic significance of fruit tree and grapevine viroids
    3. Economic significance of viroids in ornamental crops
    4. Economic significance of palm tree viroids

    Part II Viroid Characteristics
    5. Viroid biology
    6. Viroid structure
    7. Viroid replication
    8. Viroid movement
    9. Viroid pathogenesis
    10. Changes in the host proteome and transcriptome induced by viroid infection
    11. Viroids and RNA silencing
    12. Origin and evolution of viroids
    13. Viroid taxonomy

    Part III Viroid Diseases
    14. Potato spindle tuber viroid
    15. Other pospiviroids infecting solanaceous plants
    16. Citrus exocortis viroid
    17. Chrysanthemum stunt viroid
    18. Iresine viroid 1 and a potential new pospiviroid from portulaca
    19. Hop stunt viroid
    20. Dahlia latent viroid
    21. Apple scar skin viroid
    22. Other apscaviroids infecting pome fruit trees
    23. Apscaviroids infecting citrus trees
    24. Apscaviroids infecting grapevine
    25. Coconut cadang-cadang viroid and coconut tinangaja viroid
    26. Other cocadviroids
    27. Coleus blumei viroids
    28. Avocado sunblotch viroid
    29. Peach latent mosaic viroid in infected peach
    30. Peach latent mosaic viroid in temperate fruit trees other than peach
    31. Chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid
    32. Eggplant latent viroid

    Part IV Detection and Identification Methods
    33. Viroid detection and identification by bioassay
    34. Gel electrophoresis
    35. Molecular hybridization techniques for detecting and studying viroids
    36. Viroid amplification methods: RT-PCR, Real- Time RT-PCR and RT-LAMP
    37. Detection and identification of viroids by microarrays
    38. Application of next-generation sequencing technologies to viroids

    Part V Control Measures for Viroids and Viroid Diseases
    39. Quarantine and certification for viroids and viroid diseases
    40. Viroid elimination by thermotherapy, cold therapy, tissue culture, in vitro micrografting or cryotherapy
    41. Decontamination measures to prevent mechanical transmission of viroids
    42. Strategies to introduce resistance to viroids

    Part VI Geographical Distribution of Viroids and Viroid Diseases
    43. Geographical distribution of viroids in the Americas
    44. Geographical distribution of viroids in Europe
    45. Geographical distribution of viroids in Africa and the Middle East
    46. Geographical distribution of viroids in Oceania
    47. Geographical distribution of viroids in South, Southeast and East Asia

    Part VII Special Topics
    48. Seed, pollen and insect transmission of viroids
    49. Genome editing by CRISPR-based technology: potential applications for viroids


    Part VIII Introduction
    50. Satellite viruses and satellite nucleic acids

    Part IX Impact of Satellites
    51. Economic significance of satellites

    Part X Satellite Characteristics
    52. Biology of satellites
    53. Replication of satellites
    54. Satellite RNAs: their involvement in pathogenesis and RNA silencing
    55. Development and application of satellite-based vectors
    56. Origin and evolution of satellites
    57. Satellite taxonomy

    Part XI Types Satellites: A. Satellite Viruses
    58. Biology and pathogenesis of satellite viruses

    B. Satellite Nucleic Acids
    59. Large satellite RNAs
    60. Small linear satellite RNAs
    61. Small circular satellite RNAs
    62. Betasatellites of begomoviruses

    Part XII Application to Control of Viruses
    63. Satellites as viral biocontrol agents

Product details

  • No. of pages: 716
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: July 18, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128017029
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128014981

About the Editors

Ahmed Hadidi

Ahmed Hadidi is an internationally acclaimed plant virologist who has contributed significantly to molecular characterization and detection as well as biology of plant viruses and viroids for five decades.

Affiliations and Expertise

Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, USA

Ricardo Flores

Ricardo Flores is a world-renowned expert on the topic of viroids and has been on the frontier of virology research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Polytechnic University of Valencia-CSIC, Valencia, Spain

John Randles

John W. Randles is an internationally acclaimed plant virologist and his key research interest is on the cause and characterization of viruses and viroids. He is the course coordinator for classical diagnostic methods as well as molecular and biochemical methods in plant health at the University of Adelaide.

Affiliations and Expertise

Plant Protection Research Group, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Faculty of Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, Australia

Peter Palukaitis

Peter Palukaitis is an internationally acclaimed researcher in the field of plant pathology. His key research area is the molecular mechanisms of plant-virus interactions, with particular reference to pathogenic and resistance responses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea

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