Viroids and Satellites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128014981, 9780128017029

Viroids and Satellites

1st Edition

Editors: Ahmed Hadidi Ricardo Flores John Randles Peter Palukaitis
eBook ISBN: 9780128017029
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128014981
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th August 2017
Page Count: 716
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Viroids and Satellites describes plant diseases and their causal agents while also addressing the economic impact of these diseases. The book discusses various strategies for state-of-the-art methods for the detection and control of pathogens in their infected hosts and provides pivotal information from the discovery of viroids through the analysis of their molecular and biological properties, to viroid pathogenesis, host interactions, and RNA silencing pathways.

Students, researchers and regulators will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the topics presented.

Key Features

  • Provides coverage of the basic biological properties of disease, along with applied knowledge
  • Features economic impacts, transmission, geographical distribution, epidemiology, detection, and control within each chapter
  • Organizes viroid diseases by viroid taxonomy and viroid species


Researchers in basic and applied plant virology, plant pathology, microbiology, genetics and molecular biology, biological control, ecology, and related aspects of plant science; upper-level graduate students of plant virology

Table of Contents


Part I Viroids: Economic Significance

  1. Economic significance of viroids in vegetable and field crops
  2. Rosemarie W. Hammond

  3. Economic significance of fruit tree and grapevine viroids
  4. Ahmed Hadidi, Georgios Vidalakis and Teruo Sano

  5. Economic significance of viroids in ornamental crops
  6. Jacobus Th.J. Verhoeven, Rosemarie W. Hammond and Giuseppe


  7. Economic significance of palm tree viroids
  8. M. Judith B. Rodriguez, Ganesan Vadamalai and John W. Randles

    Part II Viroid Characteristics

  9. Viroid biology
  10. Dijana Škorić

  11. Viroid structure
  12. Gerhard Steger, Detlev Riesner, Marie-Christine Maurel and Jean-Pierre Perreault

  13. Viroid replication
  14. Ricardo Flores, Sofia Minoia, Amparo López-Carrasco, Sonia Delgado, Angel-Emilio Martínez de Alba and Kriton Kalantidis

  15. Viroid movement
  16. Vicente Pallás and Gustavo Gómez

  17. Viroid pathogenesis
  18. Ricardo Flores, Francesco Di Serio, Beatriz Navarro and Robert A. Owens

  19. Changes in the host proteome and transcriptome induced by viroid infection
  20. Robert A. Owens, Gustavo Gómez, Purificación Lisón and Vicente Conejero

  21. Viroids and RNA silencing
  22. Elena Dadami, Athanasios Dalakouras and Michael Wassenegger

  23. Origin and evolution of viroids
  24. Francesco Di Serio, Beatriz Navarro and Ricardo Flores

  25. Viroid taxonomy
  26. Francesco Di Serio, Shi -Fang Li, Vicente Pallás, Robert A.Owens, John W. Randles, Teruo Sano, JacobusTh.J. Verhoeven, Georgios Vidalakis and Ricardo Flores

    Part III Viroid Diseases

  27. Potato spindle tuber viroid
  28. Robert A. Owens and Jacobus Th. J. Verhoeven

  29. Other pospiviroids infecting solanaceous plants
  30. Thierry Candresse, Jacobus Th. J Verhoeven, Giuseppe Stancanelli, Rosemary W. Hammond and Stephan Winter

  31. Citrus exocortis viroid
  32. Nuria Duran-Vila

  33. Chrysanthemum stunt viroid
  34. Peter Palukaitis

  35. Iresine viroid 1 and a potential new pospiviroid from portulaca
  36. Jacobus Th.J. Verhoeven, Ricardo Flores and Pedro Serra

  37. Hop stunt viroid
  38. Tatsuji Hataya, Taro Tsushima and Teruo Sano

  39. Dahlia latent viroid
  40. Jacobus Th.J. Verhoeven, Ellis T.M. Meekes, Johanna W. Roenhorst, Ricardo Flores and Pedro Serra

  41. Apple scar skin viroid
  42. Ahmed Hadidi, Marina Barba, Ni Hong and Vipin Hallan

  43. Other apscaviroids infecting pome fruit trees

Francesco Di Serio, Enza M. Torchetti, Ricardo Flores and Teruo Sano

23. Apscaviroids infecting citrus trees

Matilde Tessitori

24. Apscaviroids infecting grapevine

Nuredin Habili

25. Coconut cadang-cadang viroid and coconut tinangaja viroid

Ganesan Vadamalai, Sathis S. Thanarajoo, Hendry Joseph, Lih Ling Kong and John W. Randles

26. Other cocadviroids

Irene Lavagi, Jaroslav Matoušek, and Georgios Vidalakis

27. Coleus blumei viroids

Xianzhou Nie and Rudra P. Singh

28. Avocado sunblotch viroid

David N. Kuhn, Andrew D.W. Geering and Jonathan Dixon

29. Peach latent mosaic viroid in infected peach

Ricardo Flores, Beatriz Navarro, Sonia Delgado, Carmen Hernández, Wen-Xing Xu, Marina Barba, Ahmed Hadidi and Francesco Di Serio

30. Peach latent mosaic viroid in temperate fruit trees other than peach

Panayota E. Kyriakopoulou, Luchiano Giunchedi, Marina Barba, Iraklis N. Boubourakas, Maria S. Kaponi and Ahmed Hadidi

31.Chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid

Ricardo Flores, Selma Gago-Zachert, Pedro Serra, Marcos De la Peña and

Beatriz Navarro

32. Eggplant latent viroid

José-Antonio Daròs

Part IV Detection and Identification Methods

33. Viroid detection and identification by bioassay

Xianzhou Nie and Rudra P. Singh

34. Gel electrophoresis

Dagmar Hanold and Ganesan Vadamalai

35. Molecular hybridization techniques for detecting and studying viroids

Vicente Pallás, Jesus A. Sánchez-Navarro, Gary R. Kinard and Francesco Di Serio

36. Viroid amplification methods: RT-PCR, Real- Time RT-PCR and RT-LAMP

Francesco Faggioli, Marta Luigi and Iraklis N. Boubourakas

37. Detection and identification of viroids by microarrays

Shuifang Zhu, Yongjiang Zhang, Antonio Tiberini and Marina Barba

38. Application of next-generation sequencing technologies to viroids

Marina Barba and Ahmed Hadidi

Part V Control Measures for Viroids and Viroid Diseases

39. Quarantine and certification for viroids and viroid diseases

Marina Barba and Delano James

40. Viroid elimination by thermotherapy, cold therapy, tissue culture, in vitro micrografting or cryotherapy

Marina Barba, Munetaka Hosakawa, Qiao-ChunWang, Anna Taglienti and Zhibo Zhang

41. Decontamination measures to prevent mechanical transmission of viroids

Kai-Shu Ling

42. Strategies to introduce resistance to viroids

Rosemarie W. Hammond and Natalia Kovalskaya

Part VI Geographical Distribution of Viroids and Viroid Diseases

43. Geographical distribution of viroids in the Americas

Edward V. Podleckis

44. Geographical distribution of viroids in Europe

Francesco Faggioli, Nuria Duran-Vila, Mina Tsagris and Vicente Pallás

45. Geographical distribution of viroids in Africa and the Middle East

Khaled A. El-Dougdoug, Kadriye Çağlayan, Amine Elleuch, Hani Z. Al-Tuwariqi, Ebenezer A. Gyamera and Ahmed Hadidi

46. Geographical distribution of viroids in Oceania

Andrew D.W. Geering

47. Geographical distribution of viroids in South, Southeast and East Asia

Dattaraj B. Parakh, Shuifang Zhu and Teruo Sano


Part VII Special Topics

48. Seed, pollen and insect transmission of viroids

Rosemarie W. Hammond

49. Genome editing by CRISPR-based technology: potential applications for viroids

Ahmed Hadidi and Ricardo Flores




Part VIII Introduction

50. Satellite viruses and satellite nucleic acids

Peter Palukaitis

Part IX Impact of Satellites

51. Economic significance of satellites

Tiziana Mascia and Donato Gallitelli

Part X Satellite Characteristics

52. Biology of satellites

Luisa Rubino

53. Replication of satellites

Ying-Wen Huang, Chung-Chi Hu, Yau-Heiu Hsu and Na-Shing Lin

54. Satellite RNAs: their involvement in pathogenesis and RNA silencing

Chikara Masuta and Hanako Shimura

55. Development and application of satellite-based vectors

Ming-Ru Liou, Chung-Chi Hu, Na-Sheng Lin and Yau-Heiu Hsu

56. Origin and evolution of satellites

Fernando García-Arenal and Aurora Fraile

57. Satellite taxonomy

Peter Palukaitis

Part XI Types Satellites

A. Satellite Viruses

58. Biology and pathogenesis of satellite viruses

Jesse D. Pyle and Karen-Beth G. Scholthof

B. Satellite Nucleic Acids

59. Large satellite RNAs

Mazen Alazem and Na-Sheng Lin

60. Small linear satellite RNAs

Mikyeong Kim and Marilyn J. Roossinck

61. Small circular satellite RNAs

Beatriz Navarro, Luisa Rubino and Francesco Di Serio

62. Betasatellites of begomoviruses

Xiuling Yang and Xueping Zhou

Part XII Application to Control of Viruses

63. Satellites as viral biocontrol agents

Tiziana Mascia and Donato Gallitelli


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About the Editor

Ahmed Hadidi

Ahmed Hadidi is an internationally acclaimed plant virologist who has contributed significantly to molecular characterization and detection as well as biology of plant viruses and viroids for five decades.

Affiliations and Expertise

Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, USA

Ricardo Flores

Ricardo Flores is a world-renowned expert on the topic of viroids and has been on the frontier of virology research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Polytechnic University of Valencia-CSIC, Valencia, Spain

John Randles

John W. Randles is an internationally acclaimed plant virologist and his key research interest is on the cause and characterization of viruses and viroids. He is the course coordinator for classical diagnostic methods as well as molecular and biochemical methods in plant health at the University of Adelaide.

Affiliations and Expertise

Plant Protection Research Group, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Faculty of Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, Australia

Peter Palukaitis

Peter Palukaitis is an internationally acclaimed researcher in the field of plant pathology. His key research area is the molecular mechanisms of plant-virus interactions, with particular reference to pathogenic and resistance responses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea

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