Village Ethnoarchaeology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124250208, 9781483258331

Village Ethnoarchaeology

1st Edition

Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective

Authors: Carol Kramer
eBook ISBN: 9781483258331
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1982
Page Count: 326
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Description

Village Ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective discusses selected tangible features of the subject area, noting the differences in households and associated material culture. The book comments among settlement variability, the complexities in relationships among population density, settlement age, area, and function. The text also deals with material correlates of sociocultural behavior, spatial organization, architectural variability, regional patterns, and archaeological sampling strategies. The book presents a study based on three sets of contemporary data: (1) from an ethnographic fieldwork on Aliabad in summer 1975; (2) the census and cartographic documents published by the Iranian government; and (3) a corpus of published comparative ethnographic data. The book notes that among the households in Aliabad, which is neither economically stratified nor markedly heterogeneous, economic variations exist. The text suggests that that material diversity and systems involving socioeconomic differentiation can have substantial time depth in this part of the world. The book can prove beneficial for archaeologists, anthropologist, sociologists, and researchers interested in ethnographic accounts of Middle Eastern communities.

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables

Preface

Acknowledgments

Author’s Note

1 Ethnoarchaeology: Some Assumptions and Practices

Ethnoarchaeology: A Research Strategy

Ethnographic Analogy

Research in the Zagros Area

Scope of the Present Study

2 Village Organization and Land Use

The Environmental Setting

Aliabad and Its People

Land Ownership

Utilization of Land and Animals

Food Consumption

Archaeological Comment

3 Variation in Economic Status in Village Households

Wealth and Material Culture

Wealth in Aliabad

Property Holdings and Economic Rank

Economic Variation and Material Culture

Variation in Mortuary Treatment

Summary and Archaeological Comment

4 Spatial Organization and Residential Architecture

Nonarchitectural Areas in Aliabad

Architecture in Aliabad

Room Attributes and Functions

Residential Architecture and Population

Architectural Variation and Economic Status

Housing Elsewhere: Examples

Residential Architecture, Spatial Distribution of Kin, and Chronology

Summary and Archaeological Comment

5 The Larger Setting: Regional Analysis and Ethnoarchaeology

Extending the Sample: Settlement in the Aliabad Area

Village Population, Area, and Density

Settlement Area, Population, and Function

Towns and Cities

Sustaining Area

“Carrying Capacity”

Intersettlement Interaction

Summary and Archaeological Comment

6 Sites and Regions in Prehistoric Central Western Iran

Prehistoric Climate and Vegetation

Prehistoric Land Use and Settlement

Surface Reconnaissance in Central Western Iran

Archaeological “Sustaining Areas”

Subsistence, Settlement Pattern, and Early Villages: Overview

Roofed and Unroofed Space and Archaeological Sampling

Summary

7 Conclusions

Summary of Findings

Problems and Prospects

References

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
326
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483258331

About the Author

Carol Kramer