Vectors of Plant Pathogens - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123264503, 9781483273327

Vectors of Plant Pathogens

1st Edition

Editors: Kerry F. Harris Karl Maramorosch
eBook ISBN: 9781483273327
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1980
Page Count: 482
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Vectors of Plant Pathogens is a collection of papers that discusses the interrelationship of plant pathogens with their vectors. This collection deals with the numerous vector groups associated with plant pathogens. One paper describes the biology, feeding behavior and distribution of aphids, leafhoppers, plant hoppers, mealy bugs, whiteflies, psyllids, membracids. Another paper addresses the virus transmission characteristics of the mealy bugs during preliminary fasting or feeding, acquisition access time, post-acquisition fasting or feeding, and the inoculation access time. Other papers also discuss the involvement of insects in transmitting bacterial and fungal pathogens; the authors list unresolved issues such as the role of insects in overwintering of bacterial pathogens or the association of the fungus with a particular vector. One author describes some suspected fungi transmission such as the pea stem necrosis virus, red clover necrotic mosaic virus, and the tomato bushy stunt virus. Another paper examines the fate of plant viruses in mite vectors and convectors particularly the viruses found in wheat, barley, or brome grass. Agriculturists, botanists, and researchers in the field of botany, conservation, and plant genealogy will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Chapter 1. Aphids, Leafhoppers, and Planthoppers

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Aphids

1.3 Leafhoppers

1.4 Planthoppers

1.5 Conclusion

1.6 References

Chapter 2. Mealybugs

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Transmission Characteristics

2.3 References

Chapter 3. Whiteflies

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Whitefly Vectors

3.3 Yellow Mosaic Diseases

3.4 Yellow Vein Mosaic Diseases

3.5 Leaf Curl Diseases

3.6 Mosaic Diseases

3.7 Suspected Whitefly Transmitted Diseases

3.8 Discussion and Conclusions

3.9 Acknowledgments

3.10 References

Chapter 4. Psyllids

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Pear Decline

4.3 Greening Disease of Citrus

4.4 Proliferation Disease of Carrots

4.5 References

Chapter 5. Membracids

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Symptomatology of Pseudo-Curly Top (PCT) Disease

5.3 Transmission of PCT Agent

5.4 Life History of the Treehopper Vector

5.5 Epidemiology

5.6 Nature of the PCT Agent

5.7 Relationship of PCT to Other Curly Top Diseases

5.8 References

Chapter 6. Piesmids

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Piesma quadratum (Fieb.) and the Beet Leafcurl Virus

6.3 Piesma quadratum (Fieb.) and Beet Latent Rosette Disease

6.4 Piesma cinereum (Say) and Sugarbeet Savoy Virus

6.5 References

Chapter 7. Beetles

7.1 Introduction

7.2 The Viruses

7.3 The Beetles

7.4 Beetle Vectoring of Viruses

7.5 Association of Virus with Beetles

7.6 Speculation on Mechanisms of Transmission

7.7 Acknowledgment

7.8 References

Chapter 8. Bark Beetles, Ceratocystis ulmi and Dutch Elm Disease

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Transmission

8.3 Elm Bark Beetle Characteristics: Contrasting Scolytus multistriatus and Hylorgopinus Rufìpes

8.4 Disease Control by Insect Control

8.5 Closing Remarks

8.6 Acknowledgments

8.7 References

Chapter 9 Thrips

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Thrips and Gall Formation

9.3 Thrips as Vectors of Bacterial, Fungal, and Viral Pathogens

9.4 Acknowledgment

9.5 References

Chapter 10. Flies

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Diptera as Vectors of Disease Agents

10.3 Biology of Liriomyza Flies

10.4 Mode of Transmission and Natural Spread

10.5 References

Chapter 11. Lethal Yellowing of Coconut Palm: Search for a Vector

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Patterns of Spread

11.3 Symptomatology

11.4 Causal Agent

11.5 Historical Perspectives in the Search for a Vectors) of Lethal Yellowing Agent

11.6 Vector Research in the United States

11.7 Attempts to Mechanically Transmit LY Agent

11.8 Determination of Incubation Period in Palm

11.9 Attempts to Culture Coconut Embryo and Tissue In Vitro

11.10 Discussion

11.11 Acknowledgments

11.12 References

Chapter 12. Insect Involvement in the Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Insect Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens

12.3 Summary

12.4 Acknowledgments

12.5 References

Chapter 13. Insect Involvement in the Transmission of Fungal Pathogens

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Plant Pathogens in the Soil

13.3 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungi Affecting Stalks, Stems, Trunks, and Branches

13.4 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungi Causing Foliar Diseases

13.5 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Buds and Blossoms

13.6 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Fruits or Seeds in the Field

13.7 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Fruits or Seeds After Harvest

13.8 Concluding Remarks

13.9 References

Chapter 14. Mites

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Characteristics of the Eriophyids

14.3 Vectors of Agents that Cause Diseases of Monocots

14.4 Vectors of Agents that Cause Diseases of Dicots

14.5 Diseases Probably Caused by Mites without an Infectious Agent

14.6 Doubtful or Erroneous Reports of Mite Transmission

14.7 Disease Agents Suspected to be Transmitted by Eriophyid Mites

14.8 Conclusions

14.9 Acknowledgments

14.10 References

Chapter 15. Fate of Plant Viruses in Mite Vectors and Non Vectors

15.1 Introduction

15.2 General Characteristics and Anatomical Features of Eriophyid Mites

15.3 Behavior of Viruses in Their Eriophyid Vectors

15.4 Behavior of Viruses in Nonvector Eriophyids

15.5 Viruses in Tetranychid Mites

15.6 Mechanisms of Virus Transmission

15.7 References

Chapter 16. Nematodes

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Viruses and Diseases

16.3 Nematode Vectors

16.4 Virus Transmission Characteristics and Mechanisms

16.5 Control

16.6 References

Chapter 17. Fungi

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Vectors

17.3 Viruses

17.4 Virus-Vector Relationships

17.5 Suspected Fungus Transmission

17.6 Concluding Remarks

17.7 Acknowledgments

17.8 References



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© Academic Press 1980
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Kerry F. Harris

Karl Maramorosch

Professor Karl Maramorosch works at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA