Vectors of Plant Pathogens

Vectors of Plant Pathogens

1st Edition - July 28, 1980

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  • Editors: Kerry F. Harris, Karl Maramorosch
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273327

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Description

Vectors of Plant Pathogens is a collection of papers that discusses the interrelationship of plant pathogens with their vectors. This collection deals with the numerous vector groups associated with plant pathogens. One paper describes the biology, feeding behavior and distribution of aphids, leafhoppers, plant hoppers, mealy bugs, whiteflies, psyllids, membracids. Another paper addresses the virus transmission characteristics of the mealy bugs during preliminary fasting or feeding, acquisition access time, post-acquisition fasting or feeding, and the inoculation access time. Other papers also discuss the involvement of insects in transmitting bacterial and fungal pathogens; the authors list unresolved issues such as the role of insects in overwintering of bacterial pathogens or the association of the fungus with a particular vector. One author describes some suspected fungi transmission such as the pea stem necrosis virus, red clover necrotic mosaic virus, and the tomato bushy stunt virus. Another paper examines the fate of plant viruses in mite vectors and convectors particularly the viruses found in wheat, barley, or brome grass. Agriculturists, botanists, and researchers in the field of botany, conservation, and plant genealogy will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Aphids, Leafhoppers, and Planthoppers

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Aphids

    1.3 Leafhoppers

    1.4 Planthoppers

    1.5 Conclusion

    1.6 References

    Chapter 2. Mealybugs

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Transmission Characteristics

    2.3 References

    Chapter 3. Whiteflies

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Whitefly Vectors

    3.3 Yellow Mosaic Diseases

    3.4 Yellow Vein Mosaic Diseases

    3.5 Leaf Curl Diseases

    3.6 Mosaic Diseases

    3.7 Suspected Whitefly Transmitted Diseases

    3.8 Discussion and Conclusions

    3.9 Acknowledgments

    3.10 References

    Chapter 4. Psyllids

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Pear Decline

    4.3 Greening Disease of Citrus

    4.4 Proliferation Disease of Carrots

    4.5 References

    Chapter 5. Membracids

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Symptomatology of Pseudo-Curly Top (PCT) Disease

    5.3 Transmission of PCT Agent

    5.4 Life History of the Treehopper Vector

    5.5 Epidemiology

    5.6 Nature of the PCT Agent

    5.7 Relationship of PCT to Other Curly Top Diseases

    5.8 References

    Chapter 6. Piesmids

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Piesma quadratum (Fieb.) and the Beet Leafcurl Virus

    6.3 Piesma quadratum (Fieb.) and Beet Latent Rosette Disease

    6.4 Piesma cinereum (Say) and Sugarbeet Savoy Virus

    6.5 References

    Chapter 7. Beetles

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The Viruses

    7.3 The Beetles

    7.4 Beetle Vectoring of Viruses

    7.5 Association of Virus with Beetles

    7.6 Speculation on Mechanisms of Transmission

    7.7 Acknowledgment

    7.8 References

    Chapter 8. Bark Beetles, Ceratocystis ulmi and Dutch Elm Disease

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Transmission

    8.3 Elm Bark Beetle Characteristics: Contrasting Scolytus multistriatus and Hylorgopinus Rufìpes

    8.4 Disease Control by Insect Control

    8.5 Closing Remarks

    8.6 Acknowledgments

    8.7 References

    Chapter 9 Thrips

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Thrips and Gall Formation

    9.3 Thrips as Vectors of Bacterial, Fungal, and Viral Pathogens

    9.4 Acknowledgment

    9.5 References

    Chapter 10. Flies

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Diptera as Vectors of Disease Agents

    10.3 Biology of Liriomyza Flies

    10.4 Mode of Transmission and Natural Spread

    10.5 References

    Chapter 11. Lethal Yellowing of Coconut Palm: Search for a Vector

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Patterns of Spread

    11.3 Symptomatology

    11.4 Causal Agent

    11.5 Historical Perspectives in the Search for a Vectors) of Lethal Yellowing Agent

    11.6 Vector Research in the United States

    11.7 Attempts to Mechanically Transmit LY Agent

    11.8 Determination of Incubation Period in Palm

    11.9 Attempts to Culture Coconut Embryo and Tissue In Vitro

    11.10 Discussion

    11.11 Acknowledgments

    11.12 References

    Chapter 12. Insect Involvement in the Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Insect Transmission of Bacterial Pathogens

    12.3 Summary

    12.4 Acknowledgments

    12.5 References

    Chapter 13. Insect Involvement in the Transmission of Fungal Pathogens

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Plant Pathogens in the Soil

    13.3 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungi Affecting Stalks, Stems, Trunks, and Branches

    13.4 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungi Causing Foliar Diseases

    13.5 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Buds and Blossoms

    13.6 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Fruits or Seeds in the Field

    13.7 Role of Insects in the Transmission of Fungal Diseases Affecting Fruits or Seeds After Harvest

    13.8 Concluding Remarks

    13.9 References

    Chapter 14. Mites

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Characteristics of the Eriophyids

    14.3 Vectors of Agents that Cause Diseases of Monocots

    14.4 Vectors of Agents that Cause Diseases of Dicots

    14.5 Diseases Probably Caused by Mites without an Infectious Agent

    14.6 Doubtful or Erroneous Reports of Mite Transmission

    14.7 Disease Agents Suspected to be Transmitted by Eriophyid Mites

    14.8 Conclusions

    14.9 Acknowledgments

    14.10 References

    Chapter 15. Fate of Plant Viruses in Mite Vectors and Non Vectors

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 General Characteristics and Anatomical Features of Eriophyid Mites

    15.3 Behavior of Viruses in Their Eriophyid Vectors

    15.4 Behavior of Viruses in Nonvector Eriophyids

    15.5 Viruses in Tetranychid Mites

    15.6 Mechanisms of Virus Transmission

    15.7 References

    Chapter 16. Nematodes

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Viruses and Diseases

    16.3 Nematode Vectors

    16.4 Virus Transmission Characteristics and Mechanisms

    16.5 Control

    16.6 References

    Chapter 17. Fungi

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Vectors

    17.3 Viruses

    17.4 Virus-Vector Relationships

    17.5 Suspected Fungus Transmission

    17.6 Concluding Remarks

    17.7 Acknowledgments

    17.8 References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 482
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: July 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273327

About the Editors

Kerry F. Harris

Karl Maramorosch

Professor Karl Maramorosch works at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

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