UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Waters and Soils

UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Waters and Soils

3rd Edition - May 13, 2022

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  • Editors: Olivier Thomas, Christopher Burgess
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323910590
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909945

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Description

UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Waters and Soils, Third Edition presents the latest information on the use of UV spectrophotometry for environmental quality monitoring. Using practical examples, the book illustrates how this technique can be a source of new methods of characterization and measurement. Easy and fast to run, this simple and robust analytical technique is one of the best ways to obtain a quantitative estimation of specific or aggregate parameters (e.g., Nitrate, TOC) and simultaneously qualitative information on the global composition of waters and soils. This third edition presents current methods and applications for water quality monitoring, including recent works and developments. Writing from years of experience in the development and applications of UV systems and from scientific and technical works, the book's authors provide several useful examples that show the great interest of UV spectrophotometry for water and soil monitoring. At the end of the book, the UV spectra library of previous editions is updated with new chemicals of interest.

Key Features

  • Broadens coverage from previous editions, including soils and sediments for the first time
  • Includes all new chapters on natural water and high frequency monitoring, agricultural soils, natural soils, and sediments, as well as updates in all other chapters
  • Provides a theoretical basis for further research in the field of spectra exploitation
  • Contains practical applications of this quick, simple and inexpensive technique

Readership

Instrument designers, academic and industrial researchers, engineers of water authorities or companies, and postgraduate students working in the field of environmental monitoring (waters and soils)

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. What do we need for water and soil quality monitoring?
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Water quality and human perception; the importance of color
  • 1.3 Parameters for water quality characterization
  • 1.4 About water quality monitoring
  • 1.5 Soil quality monitoring
  • 1.6 Trends in water quality monitoring
  • 1.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. The basis for good spectrophotometric UV–visible measurements
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Interaction of light with matter
  • 2.3 Factors affecting the quality of spectral data
  • 2.4 Sample presentation
  • 2.5 Factors influencing spectral characteristics
  • 2.6 Data integrity and security
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 3. From spectra to qualitative and quantitative results
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Basic handling of UV spectra
  • 3.3 Concentration calculation
  • 3.4 Examples of application
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Organic constituents
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Colored organic compounds
  • 4.3 UV-absorbing organic compounds
  • 4.4 Solid-phase extraction and UV–visible spectrophotometry
  • 4.5 Nonabsorbing organic compounds
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Aggregate organic constituents
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Dissolved organic matter
  • 5.3 Specific UV absorbance as a proxy for dissolved organic matter characterization and formation potential
  • 5.4 Assistance of reference methods
  • 5.5 Biodegradable dissolved organic carbon
  • 5.6 Water quality indices and UV spectrophotometry
  • 5.7 UV estimation of total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, and BOD5
  • 5.8 UV recovery of organic pollution parameters
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Mineral constituents
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Inorganic nonmetallic constituents
  • 6.3 Metallic constituents
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Physical and aggregation properties
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Color
  • 7.3 Physical diffuse absorption
  • 7.4 Total suspended solid estimation
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Natural water
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Significance of UV spectra of natural water
  • 8.3 Quality of natural water
  • 8.4 Point source and accidental discharge
  • 8.5 Different freshwaters but some common fate
  • 8.6 Second derivative of UV spectra, a key parameter
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Remote sensing and high-frequency monitoring
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Satellites applications
  • 9.3 Other airborne applications
  • 9.4 Surface applications
  • 9.5 Underwater applications
  • 9.6 Wireless sensor networks
  • 9.7 Remote sensing techniques appraisal
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Drinking water quality assessment and management
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 From source to tap water
  • 10.3 Estimation of concentrations of disinfection by-products
  • 10.4 Early warning systems
  • 10.5 Bottled drinking waters
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Urban wastewater
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Sewers
  • 11.3 Treatment processes
  • 11.4 Applications
  • 11.5 Classification of wastewater
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Industrial wastewater
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Wastewater characteristics
  • 12.3 Treatment processes
  • 12.4 Waste management
  • 12.5 Environmental impact
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Polluted soils, composts, and leachates
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Polluted soils
  • 13.3 Composts
  • 13.4 Landfill leachates
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Agricultural and natural soils, wetlands, and sediments
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Agricultural soils
  • 14.3 Natural soils
  • 14.4 Wetlands
  • 14.5 Sediments
  • Ackowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 15. UV spectra library
  • Abstract
  • Outline
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Spectra acquisition
  • 15.3 Spectra of compounds
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 626
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2022
  • Published: May 13, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323910590
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909945

About the Editors

Olivier Thomas

Olivier Thomas is Emeritus professor EHESP, at the French School of Public Health, Rennes, France. He holds a State Doctorate in Physical Sciences, a 3rd cycle doctorate in analytical chemistry, an expert degree in prevention and treatment of pollution, and a Master of Science and Engineering Technical air and water environment of the University of Savoie. He worked at the University of Savoie, Chambéry, at the University of Provence in Marseille, and the School of Mines in Ales, where he was director of engineering laboratory and industrial environments. At the University of Sherbrooke, he became the first director of the Observatory of the Environment and Sustainable Development, leading an interdisciplinary network of nearly 150 researchers addressing complex environmental issues.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor EHESP, French School of Public Health, Rennes, France

Christopher Burgess

Christopher Burgess was a Visiting Professor at the University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences; an elected member of the United States Pharmacopeia Council of Experts 2010 to 2020, and a member of the Expert Committee on Validation and Verification of analytical procedures.

He is an internationally recognized expert in the qualification and validation of instrumentation and systems, analytical method development and validation and the statistical interpretation of data. In addition, he has extensive experience in quality systems design and development for the whole supply chain and has acted as a Qualified Person within the EU for more than 25 years. He has published over 80 papers and books in analytical chemistry and analytical science. He is the author of The Royal Society of Chemistry’s Analytical Methods Committee handbook Valid Analytical Methods and Procedures, 2000. His most recent contributions are chapters on 'Analytical Quality Management' in Analytical Chemistry, 2nd Edition (Eds Kellner, Mermet, Otto, Valcarcel & Widmer, Wiley, 2004), ‘Aberrant and atypical results and (in part) methods for determining limits of detection and quantitation in Method Validation’ in Pharmaceutical Analysis; A guide to best practice (Eds Ermer and Miller, Wiley, 2005), and, as joint editor with Olivier Thomas, of UV-Visible Spectrophotometry of Water and Waste Water. Elsevier, 2007. He was a member of the PDA (USA) Expert Working Group on OOS results.

Affiliations and Expertise

Burgess Consultancy, Durham, UK

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