Ultrasonic Physics

Ultrasonic Physics

2nd Edition - January 1, 1962

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  • Author: E. G. Richardson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277998

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Ultrasonic Physics, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of ultrasonic physics. The book opens with a discussion of the sources of ultrasound. This is followed by separate chapters on the properties and detection of ultrasonic radiation; measurement of propagation constants, i.e., the velocity and absorption, of ultrasound; ultrasound propagation in gases, liquids, and solids; and ultrasound propagation in aerosols, suspensions, and emulsions. The final chapter covers miscellaneous physical and physico-chemical actions, including dispersion and coagulation of particulate matter, the break-up of liquid jets, acoustic birefringence, and the propagation of sound in the atmosphere and the ocean.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword

    Preface to Second Edition

    From the Preface to First Edition

    I. Sources of Ultrasound

    1. Piezo-electric Source

    2. Cutting the Oscillator

    3. Mounting of Quartz

    4. Circuits to Maintain Piezo-electric Oscillators

    5. Impedance of Crystal Oscillator

    6. Magnetostrictive Oscillator

    7. Ferro-electric Crystals

    8. Electro- or Magnetostrictive Transducers


    II. Methods of Detection and Properties of Ultrasonic Radiation

    1. Smoke Method

    2. Behaviour of a Large Obstacle in the Field

    3. Radiometers

    4. Electrical Detectors

    5. Optical Methods

    6. Microphones

    7. Radiation from a Disc

    8. Reaction on Source

    9. Change of Wave-Form

    10. "Streaming" from an Acoustic Source

    11. Scattering of Ultrasound by Obstacles


    III. Measurement of Propagation Constants

    1. The Pierce Interferometer

    2. The Fixed-Path Interferometer

    3. The Variable-Path Interferometer

    4. Thermal Absorption

    5. Satellites: Effects of Radial Waves

    6. Viscous Damping in Narrow Tubes

    7. Pulse Methods for Propagation Constants

    8. Velocity in Liquids by Optical Methods

    9. Ultrasonic Wave-Train as Optical Grating

    10. Reverberation Methods for Absorption


    IV. Propagation in Gases

    1. Relaxations

    2. Low Frequency Measurements

    3. Ultrasonic Propagation in Pure Gases

    4. Results at Varying Pressure

    5. Propagation in Vapors

    6. Propagation in Moist Air

    7. Propagation in Other Mixtures of Gases

    8. Propagation at High Temperatures and Pressures

    9. Effects at Low Temperature

    10. Propagation in Gases Contained in Capillary Tubes


    V. Propagation in Liquids

    1. Continuous Wave Methods in Liquids

    2. Pulse Methods for Absorption

    3. Absence of Dispersion of Velocity in Liquids

    4. Attenuation in Liquids

    5. Results for Fand a in Liquid Mixtures

    6. Effects of Pressure

    7. Effect of Varying Temperature

    8. Propagation in Condensed Gases

    9. Theories of Anomalous Propagation in Liquids

    10. Elastic Liquids under Shear and Compressional Vibration


    VI. Critical and Other Fluid Transition States

    1. The Critical State between Liquid and Vapor

    2. The Critical State in Liquid Mixtures

    3. Sol-Gel Transition

    4. Velocity in Liquid Helium

    5. Propagation in Liquid He II


    VII. Propagation in Solids

    1. Plates

    2. Propagation in Rods

    3. Propagation in Rubber-like Materials

    4. Propagation in High Polymers and Fibers

    5. Absorption in Solids

    6. Grain Refining and Ultrasonic Scattering in Melts


    VIII. Ultrasound in Disperse Systems

    1. Propagation in Aerosols

    2. Propagation in Suspensions

    3. Propagation in Emulsions

    4. Air Bubbles in Liquids

    5. Cavitation


    IX. Miscellaneous Physical and Physico-Chemical Actions

    1. Dispersion and Coagulation of Particulate Matter

    2. The Break-up of Liquid Jets

    3. Acoustic Birefringence

    4. Sono-Luminescence

    5. Ultrasound and Turbulent Flow

    6. Measurement of Ionic Solvation in Electrolytes


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 327
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1962
  • Published: January 1, 1962
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277998

About the Author

E. G. Richardson

About the Editor

A. E. Brown

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