Treatise on Geophysics: Mantle Dynamics, Volume 7 aims to provide both a classical and state-of-the-art introduction to the methods and science of mantle dynamics, as well as survey leading order problems (both solved and unsolved) and current understanding of how the mantle works. It is organized around two themes: (1) how is mantle convection studied; and (2) what do we understand about mantle dynamics to date. The first four chapters are thus concerned with pedagogical reviews of the physics of mantle convection; laboratory studies of the fluid dynamics of convection relevant to the mantle; theoretical analysis of mantle dynamics; and numerical analysis and methods of mantle convection. The subsequent chapters concentrate on leading issues of mantle convection itself, which include the energy budget of the mantle; the upper mantle and lithosphere in and near the spreading center (mid-ocean ridge) environment; the dynamics of subducting slabs; hot spots, melting anomalies, and mantle plumes; and finally, geochemical mantle dynamics and mixing.
Self-contained volume starts with an overview of the subject then explores each topic in detail
Extensive reference lists and cross references with other volumes to facilitate further research
Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding
Content suited for both the expert and non-expert
Professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students working in the fields of Geophysics, Earth system science, geology, geomagnetism, ocean science, planetary and aerospace science, environmental science, seismology, petrology, mining and construction, urban planning, plus more.
Table of Contents
Preface Contributors Editorial Advisory Board 1 Mantle Dynamics Past, Present, and Future: An Introduction and Overview 2 Physics of Mantle Convection 3 Laboratory Studies of Mantle Convection 4 Analytical Approaches to Mantle Dynamics 5 Numerical Methods for Mantle Convection 6 Temperatures, Heat and Energy in the Mantle of the Earth 7 The Dynamics and Convective Evolution of the Upper Mantle 8 Mantle Downwellings and the Fate of Subducting Slabs: Constraints from Seismology, Geoid Topography, Geochemistry, and Petrology 9 Hot Spots and Melting Anomalies 10 Mantle Geochemical Geodynamics