Transport and Distribution

Transport and Distribution

Made Simple

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Authors: Don Benson, Geoffrey Whitehead
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141008

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Transport and Distribution: Made Simple introduces the whole field of transport and physical distribution practiced in the 1970s. This book discusses the transport in the framework of production, components of a transport system, characteristics of different ways, and effect of traffic characteristics on terminals. The principles in the design of units of carriage, motive power at sea, and outline of the distribution process are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the documents for road haulage operations, development of the common transport policy, and control of rail transport. This text provides a wide range of examination syllabuses at an intermediate and higher level, covering the introductory syllabuses of the Chartered Institute of Transport and the Institute of Traffic Administration. This publication is ideal for H.N.C., H.N.D., and CNAA degree students majoring in transport option, as well as sociology students considering the impact of transport on the environment.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    1 Transport And The Modern World

    Transport in the Framework of Production

    The Nature of the Modern World

    The Study of Transport

    Suggested Further Reading

    2 The Function Of Transport

    Transport and Economics

    The Demand for Transport

    Bridging the Producer-Consumer Gaps

    The Concept of 'Safe Arrival'

    Transport—An Economic Catalyst

    The Provision of Transport

    Suggested Further Reading

    3 The Physical Components Of Transport: Preliminary Considerations


    The Need to Keep All Forms of Transport Moving

    The Components of a Transport System

    Suggested Further Reading

    4 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Way


    The Ownership of Ways

    The Control of Ways

    The Characteristics of Different Ways

    Suggested Further Reading

    5 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Terminal


    Functions of the Terminal

    The Effect of Traffic Characteristics on Terminals

    The Location of Terminals

    Services and Facilities Required at Terminals

    Suggested Further Reading

    6 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Unit Of Carriage


    Principles in the Design of Units of Carriage

    The Unit of Carriage and the Unit of Propulsion

    Units of Carriage by Road

    Units of Carriage by Rail

    Units of Carriage by Sea

    Units of Carriage by Air

    Pipelines and Tubes

    Suggested Further Reading

    7 The Physical Components Of Transport: Motive Power


    Types of Prime Mover

    Motive Power and Road Haulage

    Motive Power and Railways

    Aircraft Power Units

    Motive Power at Sea

    Motive Power and Pipelines

    Suggested Further Reading

    8 Physical Distribution: Introduction


    Planning Physical Distribution—the Total Distribution Concept

    Total Distribution Costs

    An Outline of the Distribution Process

    Suggested Further Reading

    9 Physical Distribution: Packaging, Unitisation And Containerisation



    The Unit Load Concept

    Containerisation—Intermodal Transport

    What is a Container?

    Types of Container

    The Advantages of Containers

    Problems of Containerisation

    Special Facilities for Containerisation

    Conclusion About Unit Loads

    Suggested Further Reading

    10 Physical Distribution: Materials Handling


    Lift Trucks

    Mobile Cranes and Lorry Loaders

    Conveyors and Elevators

    Holding Aids

    Ancillary Equipment for Materials Handling

    Suggested Further Reading

    11 Physical Distribution: Warehousing

    The Function of the Warehouse

    Warehouse Layout

    Automated Warehouses

    Warehouse Equipment

    Suggested Further Reading

    12 Physical Distribution: Bulk Transport


    The Advantages of Bulk Transport

    Bulk Transport by Sea

    Bulk Haulage by Rail

    Bulk Haulage by Road

    Bulk Movements by Pipeline

    Suggested Further Reading

    13 Physical Distribution: Inventory Control

    The Nature of Stocks

    Inventory Management by Objectives

    The Techniques of Inventory Management

    Suggested Further Reading

    14 Physical Distribution: Transport Aspects And Case Studies

    Introduction—The Choice of Transport

    Inland Transport

    International Transport

    Introduction to Distribution Case Studies

    Other Solutions to Transport Problems

    Suggested Further Reading

    15 Financial Aspects Of Transport

    Business Finance and Transport

    Risks Involved in Transport

    Sources of Finance Available

    The Calculation of Initial Capital Requirements

    Keeping Capital Intact—Depreciation and Obsolescence

    The Financial Statements of an Established Enterprise

    Costing Transport Activities

    The Return on Capital Invested

    Costs in Distribution—Analysis and Control

    Suggested Further Reading

    16 Legal Aspects Of Transport

    Transport as a Contractual Arrangement

    The Common Carrier

    The Private Carrier

    Standard Form Contracts and the Privity of Contract

    Inland Carriage and International Carriage

    Suggested Further Reading

    17 The Transport Act, 1968


    Part I: The Act's Provisions with Respect to the Integration of Freight Services

    Part II: The Act's Provisions with Respect to Passenger Transport

    Part III: Bus and Ferry Services

    Part IV: The Authorities and Boards

    Part V: The Licensing of Road Transport

    Part VI: The Control of Drivers' Hours

    Part VII: Inland Waterways

    Part VIII: Bridges, Level Crossings, etc.

    Part IX: Regulation of Road Traffic

    Suggested Further Reading

    18 The Documentation Of Transport

    Introduction—Aligned Documentation

    The Invoice

    Consular Invoices

    Certificates of Origin

    The Bill of Lading

    The Shipping Note

    The C.M.R. Consignment Note

    The T.I.R. Carnet

    Rail Consignment Notes

    The Air Waybill


    Documents for Road Haulage Operations

    Documents for the Community Transit System

    Suggested Further Reading

    19 Transport And The European Economic Community


    The 'Transport' Provisions of the Treaty of Rome

    Development of the Common Transport Policy

    Objectives and Scope of the Common Transport Policy

    The Role of the Public Authorities in Transport

    The Future of E.E.C. Transport

    Suggested Further Reading

    20 The Control Of Transport

    'Laisser Faire' v. Control of Transport

    Development of Transport Control

    The Control of Road Transport

    The Control of Rail Transport

    The Control of Sea Transport

    The Control of Air Transport

    The Control of Pipelines—The Pipelines Act 1962

    Suggested Further Reading

    Appendix One—Professional Institutions And Other Bodies

    Appendix Two—Glossary Of Transport Terms


Product details

  • No. of pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Made Simple 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Made Simple
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141008

About the Authors

Don Benson

Geoffrey Whitehead

Geoff Whitehead is one of the original Made Simple authors and has sold over 2 million Made Simple books. Before writing full-time he was Head of Professional Studies at Thurrock College, and he now runs a small business consultancy for one of the main publishers of account books. With day-to-day advice at a grass roots level he is still 'keeping it simple' for 350,000 book-keepers using the system each year.

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