Transport and Distribution - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780491016841, 9781483141008

Transport and Distribution

1st Edition

Made Simple

Authors: Don Benson Geoffrey Whitehead
eBook ISBN: 9781483141008
Imprint: Made Simple
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 286
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Description

Transport and Distribution: Made Simple introduces the whole field of transport and physical distribution practiced in the 1970s.

This book discusses the transport in the framework of production, components of a transport system, characteristics of different ways, and effect of traffic characteristics on terminals. The principles in the design of units of carriage, motive power at sea, and outline of the distribution process are also elaborated. This compilation likewise covers the documents for road haulage operations, development of the common transport policy, and control of rail transport. This text provides a wide range of examination syllabuses at an intermediate and higher level, covering the introductory syllabuses of the Chartered Institute of Transport and the Institute of Traffic Administration.

This publication is ideal for H.N.C., H.N.D., and CNAA degree students majoring in transport option, as well as sociology students considering the impact of transport on the environment.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Acknowledgments

1 Transport And The Modern World

Transport in the Framework of Production

The Nature of the Modern World

The Study of Transport

Suggested Further Reading

2 The Function Of Transport

Transport and Economics

The Demand for Transport

Bridging the Producer-Consumer Gaps

The Concept of 'Safe Arrival'

Transport—An Economic Catalyst

The Provision of Transport

Suggested Further Reading

3 The Physical Components Of Transport: Preliminary Considerations

Introduction

The Need to Keep All Forms of Transport Moving

The Components of a Transport System

Suggested Further Reading

4 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Way

Definition

The Ownership of Ways

The Control of Ways

The Characteristics of Different Ways

Suggested Further Reading

5 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Terminal

Introduction

Functions of the Terminal

The Effect of Traffic Characteristics on Terminals

The Location of Terminals

Services and Facilities Required at Terminals

Suggested Further Reading

6 The Physical Components Of Transport: The Unit Of Carriage

Introduction

Principles in the Design of Units of Carriage

The Unit of Carriage and the Unit of Propulsion

Units of Carriage by Road

Units of Carriage by Rail

Units of Carriage by Sea

Units of Carriage by Air

Pipelines and Tubes

Suggested Further Reading

7 The Physical Components Of Transport: Motive Power

Introduction

Types of Prime Mover

Motive Power and Road Haulage

Motive Power and Railways

Aircraft Power Units

Motive Power at Sea

Motive Power and Pipelines

Suggested Further Reading

8 Physical Distribution: Introduction

Definition

Planning Physical Distribution—the Total Distribution Concept

Total Distribution Costs

An Outline of the Distribution Process

Suggested Further Reading

9 Physical Distribution: Packaging, Unitisation And Containerisation

Introduction

Packaging

The Unit Load Concept

Containerisation—Intermodal Transport

What is a Container?

Types of Container

The Advantages of Containers

Problems of Containerisation

Special Facilities for Containerisation

Conclusion About Unit Loads

Suggested Further Reading

10 Physical Distribution: Materials Handling

Introduction

Lift Trucks

Mobile Cranes and Lorry Loaders

Conveyors and Elevators

Holding Aids

Ancillary Equipment for Materials Handling

Suggested Further Reading

11 Physical Distribution: Warehousing

The Function of the Warehouse

Warehouse Layout

Automated Warehouses

Warehouse Equipment

Suggested Further Reading

12 Physical Distribution: Bulk Transport

Introduction

The Advantages of Bulk Transport

Bulk Transport by Sea

Bulk Haulage by Rail

Bulk Haulage by Road

Bulk Movements by Pipeline

Suggested Further Reading

13 Physical Distribution: Inventory Control

The Nature of Stocks

Inventory Management by Objectives

The Techniques of Inventory Management

Suggested Further Reading

14 Physical Distribution: Transport Aspects And Case Studies

Introduction—The Choice of Transport

Inland Transport

International Transport

Introduction to Distribution Case Studies

Other Solutions to Transport Problems

Suggested Further Reading

15 Financial Aspects Of Transport

Business Finance and Transport

Risks Involved in Transport

Sources of Finance Available

The Calculation of Initial Capital Requirements

Keeping Capital Intact—Depreciation and Obsolescence

The Financial Statements of an Established Enterprise

Costing Transport Activities

The Return on Capital Invested

Costs in Distribution—Analysis and Control

Suggested Further Reading

16 Legal Aspects Of Transport

Transport as a Contractual Arrangement

The Common Carrier

The Private Carrier

Standard Form Contracts and the Privity of Contract

Inland Carriage and International Carriage

Suggested Further Reading

17 The Transport Act, 1968

Introduction

Part I: The Act's Provisions with Respect to the Integration of Freight Services

Part II: The Act's Provisions with Respect to Passenger Transport

Part III: Bus and Ferry Services

Part IV: The Authorities and Boards

Part V: The Licensing of Road Transport

Part VI: The Control of Drivers' Hours

Part VII: Inland Waterways

Part VIII: Bridges, Level Crossings, etc.

Part IX: Regulation of Road Traffic

Suggested Further Reading

18 The Documentation Of Transport

Introduction—Aligned Documentation

The Invoice

Consular Invoices

Certificates of Origin

The Bill of Lading

The Shipping Note

The C.M.R. Consignment Note

The T.I.R. Carnet

Rail Consignment Notes

The Air Waybill

Charterparties

Documents for Road Haulage Operations

Documents for the Community Transit System

Suggested Further Reading

19 Transport And The European Economic Community

Introduction

The 'Transport' Provisions of the Treaty of Rome

Development of the Common Transport Policy

Objectives and Scope of the Common Transport Policy

The Role of the Public Authorities in Transport

The Future of E.E.C. Transport

Suggested Further Reading

20 The Control Of Transport

'Laisser Faire' v. Control of Transport

Development of Transport Control

The Control of Road Transport

The Control of Rail Transport

The Control of Sea Transport

The Control of Air Transport

The Control of Pipelines—The Pipelines Act 1962

Suggested Further Reading

Appendix One—Professional Institutions And Other Bodies

Appendix Two—Glossary Of Transport Terms

Index

Details

No. of pages:
286
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Made Simple 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Made Simple
eBook ISBN:
9781483141008

About the Author

Don Benson

Geoffrey Whitehead

Geoff Whitehead is one of the original Made Simple authors and has sold over 2 million Made Simple books. Before writing full-time he was Head of Professional Studies at Thurrock College, and he now runs a small business consultancy for one of the main publishers of account books. With day-to-day advice at a grass roots level he is still 'keeping it simple' for 350,000 book-keepers using the system each year.

Affiliations and Expertise

BSc(Econ)