This book serves as an up-to-date introduction, as well as overview to modern trace fossil research and covers nearly all of the essential aspects of modern ichnology. Divided into three section, Trace Fossils covers the historical background and concepts of ichnology, on-going research problems, and indications about the possible future growth of the discipline and potential connections to other fields. This work is intended for a broad audience of geological and biological scientists. Workers new to the field could get a sense of the main concepts of ichnology and a clear idea of how trace fossil research is conducted. Scientists in related disciplines could find potential uses for trace fossils in their fields. And, established workers could use the book to check on the progress of their particular brand of ichnology. By design, there is something here for novice and veteran, insider and outsider, and for the biologically-oriented workers and for the sedimentary geologists.

Key Features

* Presents a review of the state of ichnology at the beginning of the 21st Century * Summarizes the basic concepts and methods of modern trace fossil research * Discusses crucial background information about the history of trace fossil research, the main concepts of ichnology, examples of current problems and future directions, and the potential connections to other disciplines within both biology and geology


geologists, biologists

Table of Contents

Introduction: A user’s guide (W. Miller, III)
List of Reviewers
List of Contributors to the book
Memorial to Roland Goldring (1928-2005) (J.E. Pollard)
Part 1: The Historical Background Of Ichnology
1. The Wadden Sea, cradle of invertebrate ichnology (G.C. Cadée, R. Goldring)
2. The antecedents of invertebrate ichnology in North America: the Canadian and Cincinnati schools (S.G. Pemberton, J. A. MacEachern, M.K. Gingras)
3. Edward Hitchcock and Roland Bird: two early titans of vertebrate ichnology in North America (S.G. Pemberton, M.K. Gingras, J.A. MacEachern)
4. The ichnofacies paradigm: a fifty-year retrospective (J.A. MacEachern et al)
Part 2: Concepts, Methods, Theory, And Connections To The Earth And Biologic Sciences
5. What’s in a name? Nomenclature, systematics, ichnotaxonomy (M. Bertling)
6. Taphonomy of trace fossils (C.E. Savrda)
7. Use of trace fossils in genetic stratigraphy (J.A. MacEachern et al)
8. The application of trace fossils to biostratigraphy (R.B. MacNaughton)
9. Trace fossils and marine benthic oxygenation (C.E. Savrda)
10. Climatic control of marine trace fossil distribution (R. Goldring, G.C. Cadée, J.E. Pollard )
11. Climatic controls on continental trace fossils (S.T. Hasiotis, M.J. Kraus, T.M. Demko)
12. The trace-fossil record of vertebrates (S.T. Hasiotis et al)
13. Zoophycos and the role of type specimens in ichnotaxonomy (D. Olivero)
14. Ichnofacies, ichnocoenoses, and ichnofabric of Quaternary shallow-marine to dunal tropical carbonates: a model and implications (H.A. Curran)
15. Deep-sea ichnology: development of major concepts (A. Uchman)
16. Continental ichnology: fundamental processes and controls on trace fossil distribution (S.T. Hasiotis)
17. Invertebrate ichnology of continental freshwater environments (L.A. Buatois, M.G. Mángano)
18. Traces of gastropod predation on


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© 2007
Elsevier Science
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About the author

William Miller, III

Affiliations and Expertise

Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, USA


"In conclusion, irrespective of one's tier level in ichnology, the reader may be served by this balanced selction of 36 topics resulting in a book that profoundly treats a large variety of contemporary biogeological concepts, fills gaps on some understudied subject and topics . . . synthesizes information and literature from the intersection of bio- and geosciences and provides practical incentives for future expansion of the fascinating subject of trace fossil analysis. I heartily recommend it." -- Emese M. Brody, Rhodes University, South Africa; writing in Palaois