Description

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions.

Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles.

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials.

Key Features

  • Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health
  • Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds
  • Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Readership

Civil engineers and technicians, materials researchers and scientists and educators who are working in the field of building materials; Plastics producers; Those in the construction industry

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Introduction: types of potentially toxic building materials

Chapter 1: The main health hazards from building materials

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Radiation

1.3 Chemical carcinogens and endocrine disruptors

1.4 Nanoparticles

1.5 Conclusion and future trends

Chapter 2: Plastic materials: polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Polyvinyl chloride (PVC – CAS number: 9002-86-2)

2.3 Building applications of polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

2.4 Health and safety concerns and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

2.5 Alternatives to polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

Chapter 3: Plastic materials: chlorinated polyethylene (CPE), chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC), chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSPE) and polychloroprene rubber (CR)

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Structure and properties of chlorinated polyethylene (CPE), chlorinated polyvinylchloride (CPVC), chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSPE) and polychloroprene rubber (CR)

3.3 Alternative materials

3.4 Sources of further information

Chapter 4: Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Toxicology of formaldehyde

4.3 Emission testing of formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

4.4 Emission models of formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

4.5 Determination of the characteristic emission parameters

4.6 Influence of environmental factors on emissions of formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

4.7 Conclusion and future trends

Chapter 5: Semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs): phthalates and flame retardants

Abstract:

5.1 Semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in the indoor environment

5.2 Emission of semivol

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857096357
Print ISBN:
9780857091222
Print ISBN:
9780081016367

About the editors

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal is a Senior Researcher in the C-TAC Research Centre at the University of Minho, Portugal. He has authored almost 300 publications, including 96 in ISI Web of Science-WoS and 92 on Scopus. Having received 798 citations in WoS (h-index=15) and 1125 citations on Scopus (h-index=18). He has a SCI Platinum h=30 the highest in the field of civil engineering in Portugal. He has also been the Lead Editor of 14 international books, with more than 500 contributors from 52 countries in the five continents.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Minho, Portugal

S Jalali

Said Jalali is former Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Minho, and is an acknowledged expert on building materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Minho, Portugal

Aleksandra Fucic

Dr. Aleksandra Fucic has 30 years of experience working on the biomonitoring of populations exposed to radiation or chemical agents with a special interest in achieving a healthy living environment and investigation of health risks related to new construction materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Croatia

Reviews

"...this is one of the first books to take a detailed look at how well different antimicrobial treatments will reduce exposure of the occupants of a building to microbes" - Dr. Graham Atherton of the University of Manchester