Total Environmental Control

Total Environmental Control

The Economics of Cross-Media Pollution Transfers

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Authors: Julian Lowe, David Lewis, Martin Atkins
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182322

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Total Environmental Control: The Economics of Cross-Media Pollution Transfers covers the theoretical basis of cross-media transfers of pollution. This book is organized into three parts encompassing 11 chapters that discuss the difference between cross-media transfers and trade-offs. It addresses the common thread of economic analysis. This book deals first with the definitions of voluntary solutions to cross-media problems and provides an introduction to sewage treatment and disposal. The next chapters are concerned with the basic oxygen furnace; description of electric arc furnace; conceptual and practical problems in the evaluation of environmental costs and benefits; and energy requirements for pollution control in specific industries. These topics are followed by discussions of the use of Delphi technique, the environmental energy requirements, and the status of the iron and steel manufacture. The last chapter is devoted to the case studies of fertilizer manufacturers and on the water pollution control. The book can provide useful information to environmentalists, scientists, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Part I Introduction and Evidence

    Chapter I The Cross-Media Problem

    Cross-Media Problems: Some Definitions

    Voluntary Solutions to Cross-Media Problems


    Chapter 2 Transfers to Water - A Case Study


    'Wet Scrubbing'


    Sewage Treatment and Disposal

    Other Issues


    Chapter 3 The Fertilizer Industry


    Sources of Cross-Media Transfers

    Case Studies of Fertilizer Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Iron and Steel and Iron Founding


    The Basic Oxygen Furnace

    The Electric Arc Furnace

    Iron Founding

    Iron Founding: A Composite Case

    Iron Founding: Specific Case


    Chapter 5 Energy Requirements of Pollution Control Equipment


    Environmental Energy Requirements

    Energy Requirements for Pollution Control in Specific Industries


    Part II Methodology of Assessment

    Chapter 6 Cost-Benefit Analysis


    Conceptual and Practical Problems in the Evaluation of Environmental Costs and Benefits


    Chapter 7 An Alternative Approach to Cross-Media Evaluation

    The Rationale for Using a 'Delphi' Technique

    The Battelle Columbus Approach to Pollutant Weightings

    The 'Delphi' Technique: Our Own Experiment


    Chapter 8 An Application of the Alternative Approach

    Scope of the Analysis

    Power Generation

    Iron and Steel Manufacture

    Iron Founding

    Cross-Industry Comparisons and Conclusions

    Part III Public Policy and Conclusions

    Chapter 9 Comprehensive and Piecemeal Approaches to Control


    A Comprehensive Approach

    An Economic Model

    Conclusion and Evaluation

    Chapter 10 Standards and Charges

    Economic Analysis

    Policy Implications

    Chapter 11 Conclusion

    Appendix I

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 134
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182322

About the Authors

Julian Lowe

David Lewis

Affiliations and Expertise

David Lewis FRCP(UK), PhD, DTM&H Head of the Sexually Transmitted Infections Reference Centre, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, South Africa Honorary Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa Honorary Associate Professor, Division of Medical Microbiology, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Martin Atkins

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