Topics in Radiation Dosimetry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120665013, 9781483216225

Topics in Radiation Dosimetry

1st Edition

Radiation Dosimetry, Vol. 1

Editors: Frank H. Attix
eBook ISBN: 9781483216225
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 568
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Description

Radiation Dosimetry, Supplement 1: Topics in Radiation Dosimetry covers instruments and techniques in dealing with special dosimetry problems.
The book discusses thermoluminescence dosimetry in archeological dating; dosimetric applications of track etching; vacuum chambers of radiation measurement. The text also describes wall-less detectors in microdosimetry; dosimetry of low-energy X-rays; and the theory and general applicability of the gamma-ray theory of track effects to various systems. Dose equivalent determinations in neutron fields by means of moderator techniques; as well as developments in radiophotoluminescence dosimetry are also considered.
Physicists, mathematicians, and archeologists will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

1. Thermoluminescence Dosimetry in Archaeological Dating

I. Introduction

II. Some Relevant TL Characteristics

III. Microdosimetry of Mineral Grains: Practical Realization

IV. Phosphor Dosimetry

V. Pre-dose Dosimetry: The 100°C Peak in Quartz

References

2. Dosimetric Applications of Track Etching

I. Introduction

II. Damage Mechanism

III. Latent Track Stability

IV. Etching Procedures and Detector Materials

V. Track Counting

VI. Fission Fragment Registration

VII. Alpha Particle and Recoil Nuclei Registration

VIII. Summary and Outlook

References 1

3. Vacuum Chambers for Radiation Measurement

I. Introduction

II. Secondary-Electron Emission Phenomena

III. Greening's Theory of the Vacuum Chamber

IV. Vacuum Chambers as Dosimeters

V. Vacuum Chambers as Electron-Beam Monitors

VI. Vacuum Chambers for Pulse Measurements

VII. Vacuum Chambers as Energy Spectrometers

VIII. Vacuum Chambers for Interface Dosimetry

References

4. Wall-Less Detectors in Microdosimetry

I. Introduction

II. Design Criteria

III. Operational Considerations

IV. Performance and Operational Tests

V. Wall-less Counter Designs

VI. Experimental Results

VII. Summary

References

5. Dosimetry of Low Energy x Rays

I. Introduction

II. Measurement of Energy Fluence

III. X-Ray Spectral Distribution

IV. Measurement of Exposure

V. Determination of Absorbed Dose

VI. Special Problems in the Measurement of Low Energy x Rays

References

6. The Structure of Particle Tracks

I. Introduction

II. Detection of Energetic Heavy Ions

III. Response of Cells to Heavy Ions, Fast Neutrons, Stopped Pions, and Mixed Radiation Fields

References

7. Dose Equivalent Determinations in Neutron Fields by Means of Moderator Techniques

I. Classification of Techniques

II. REM Counter Techniques

III. Monitor Techniques

IV. Neutron Spectrometry

V. Calibration of Instruments

VI. Conclusions

References

8. Developments in Radiophotoluminescence Dosimetry

I. Introduction

II. RPL Centers and Kinetic Behavior of Silver-Activated Phosphate Glasses

III. New RPL Materials

IV. Energy Compensation Filters

V. New Measurement Techniques

VI. Practical Application of Phosphate Glass Dosimeters

VII. Application of Differential Measurement of Fluorescence Intensity

VIII. Dosimeters for Direct Indication of the Absorbed Dose in Critical Organs

IX. Summary

References

Appendix : Useful Physical Constants and Conversion Factors

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
568
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483216225

About the Editor

Frank H. Attix