Time-correlated single photon counting - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125241403, 9780323141444

Time-correlated single photon counting

1st Edition

Authors: Desmond O'Connor
eBook ISBN: 9780323141444
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1984
Page Count: 298
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Description

Time-correlated Single Photon Counting has been written in the hope that by relating the authors' experiences with a variety of different single photon counting systems, they may provide a useful service to users and potential users of this formidably sensitive technique. Of all the techniques available to obtain information on the rates of depopulation of excited electronic singlet states of molecular species, monitoring of fluorescence provides, in principle, the simplest and most direct measure of concentration. This volume comprises eight chapters, with the first focusing on the time dependence and applications of fluorescence. Succeeding chapters go on to discuss basic principles of the single photon counting lifetime measurement; light sources; photomultipliers; electronics; data analysis; nanosecond time-resolved emission spectroscopy; time dependence of fluorescence anisotropy. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the field of chemistry.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. Fluorescence, Its Time Dependence and Applications

1.1 Fluorescence Intensities

1.2 Bimolecular Interactions

1.3 General Environmental Effects

1.4 Polarization of Electronic Transitions

1.5 Measurement of Fluorescence Decay Times

References

Chapter 2. Basic Principles of the Single Photon Counting Lifetime Measurement

2.1 The Standard Experiment

2.2 Details

2.3 Experiments to Correct for Wavelength-Dependent PM Distortion

2.4 Standards

References

Chapter 3. Light Sources

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Storage Ring Radiation

3.3 Flash Lamps

3.4 Pulsed Lasers

3.5 Summary of Flash Lamps and Pulsed Lasers

References

Appendix 3.A1

Chapter 4. Photomultipliers

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Characteristics

4.3 The Voltage Divider

4.4 Wavelength Dependence of Transit Time

4.5 New Developments

References

Appendix 4.A1

Appendix 4.A2

Chapter 5. Electronics

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Individual Electronic Components

5.3 Setting Discriminator Levels

5.4 Time Calibration and Choice of Timescale

References

Appendix 5.A1

Chapter 6. Data Analysis

6.1 Introduction

6.2 The Data

6.3 Distortions

6.4 Correction for Pulse Pile-up

6.5 Mathematical Analysis Techniques

6.6 Application of the Least-Squares Fitting Technique

6.7 Evaluating the Success of the Fit

6.8 Synthetic Data

References

Appendix 6.A1

Appendix 6.A2

Chapter 7. Nanosecond Time-Resolved Emission Spectroscopy

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Applications and Limitations

7.3 Other Methods of Spectral Time Resolution

7.4 Direct Recording of TRES

7.5 Construction of TRES from Deconvolved Decay Functions

7.6 Decay-Associated Spectra

7.7 Conclusion

References

Appendix 7.A1

Chapter 8. Time Dependence of Fluorescence Anisotropy

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Effects of Polarization on Intensity Measurements

8.3 Time-Dependent Anisotropy Measurements

8.4 Deconvolution Procedures

8.5 Theory of Time-Dependent Fluorescence Depolarization

8.6 Form of Time-Dependent Anisotropy for Restricted Motion

References

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
298
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323141444

About the Author

Desmond O'Connor