Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites

1st Edition

Technical Information for Plastics Users

Authors: Michel Biron
Hardcover ISBN: 9781856174787
eBook ISBN: 9780080489803
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 26th April 2007
Page Count: 944
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Thermoplastics represent appx 90% by weight of all plastics consumed world-wide. We know them mainly in the form of polythenes, polyolefins, polystyrenes, nylons and acrylics. Under different heating conditions and by varying the composition of the plastic it is possible to make many different products with differing properties.

This is a decision-making tool and source-book of information for plastics users, providing detailed accounts of the materials used, their economics,the selection of appropriate materials, and the use of thermoplastic resins and their composites. By having this book to hand, you will use the right material in the right way to produce the right product.

Key Features

· Provides a quick and pragmatic approach to selecting thermoplastics for the non-specialist plastics user · Offers detailed accounts of thermoplastics including economic and technological elements · Clear and easy to understand illustrated with figures, tables and graphs throughout


Users, designers, specifiers and manufacturers of plastic parts in the automotive, transport, aeronautical, sports and leisure, consumer goods and packaging industries. Research and Development departments; academic departments.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Outline of the actual situation of plastics compared to conventional materials

1.1 Polymers: the industrial and economic reality compared to traditional materials 1.1.1 Plastic and metal consumptions 1.1.2 Mechanical properties Intrinsic mechanical properties Specific mechanical properties 1.1.3 Thermal and electrical properties 1.1.4 Durability 1.1.5 Material costs Cost per weight of various materials Cost per volume of various materials [Performance/cost per litre] ratios of various materials 1.2 What are thermoplastics, TPE, thermosets, composites and hybrids? 1.2.1 Thermoplastics 1.2.2 Thermoplastic elastomers -TPE 1.2.3 Thermosets 1.2.4 Polymer composites 1.2.5 Hybrid materials 1.3 Plastics: an answer to the designer’s main problems 1.3.1 Economic requirements 1.3.2 Technical requirements 1.3.3 Marketing requirements 1.3.4 Environmental requirements 1.3.5 Some weaknesses of the polymer materials 1.4 Outline of the technical and economic possibilities of processing 1.4.1 Thermoplastic processing Moulding the solid thermoplastics Extrusion and connected processes Calendering Blow moulding Moulding the liquid thermoplastics Secondary processing Brief economic comparison of some processing costs Repair possibilities: a significant thermoplastic advantage for large parts

1.4.2 Thermoset processing Moulding the solid thermosets


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© Elsevier Science 2006
Elsevier Science
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About the Author

Michel Biron

Michel Biron is a plastics consultant based in Les Ulis, France, and is a Graduate Chemist Engineer from the Institut National Supérieur de Chimie Industrielle de Rouen and Polymer Specialist from the Institut Français du Caoutchouc. He has authored numerous technical papers and books on plastics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Plastics Consultant, Les Ulis, France